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Pollution Prevention (P2) & Zero Waste Planning: Training & Implementation

Learn principles of pollution prevention, zero waste and “green” purchasing. Explore what you’re learning in class with your peers. Use these principles to reduce waste generation, increase reuse and recycling, and provide a safer workplace for employees, Tribal members, customers, and a healthier environment.


Scroll down to access training materials on Pollution Prevention & Zero Waste principles that can help  reduce hazardous & nonhazardous waste from your Tribal operations!

These resources are organized for use on a training day. The presentations contain the content and the activities consist of facilitator instructions, worksheets for participants, and handouts to be given following the activity.  Each underlined section leads to a printable PDF file. Feel free to use/adjust to suit your needs.

Welcome and Introductions: Each participant will share a waste stream, product, toxic, or process currently being used that is your top priority to change, a big challenge, or is a primary concern. 


Zero Waste Presentation

Zero Waste Activity:

Facilitator’s Instructions for Zero Waste Activity

Zero Waste Activity: Rethinking, Redesigning, and Eliminating Worksheet

Zero Waste Activity handout: Zero Waste Planning Checklist


Pollution Prevention Presentation

Pollution Prevention Activity:

Facilitator’s Instructions for P2 Activity

P2 Activity: Identifying Toxic Products and Less-toxic Alternatives

P2 Activity Handout: Discussion of Toxic Products and Less-toxic Alternatives


Green Purchasing Presentation

Green Purchasing Activity:

Facilitator’s Instructions for Green Purchasing Activity

Conducting A Pilot Test Activity Worksheet


Case Study Shift and Share Activity

Gitxaala Case Study

Chumash Case Study

P2 Case Study: Wind River Casino


P2ZW Planning Presentation

Creating a P2ZW Plan Factsheet – handout


Recap Activity


Next steps Activity: Main take-aways, immediate implementation, long-term implementation.

If you have any questions or would like suggestions on facilitating this training, please reach out to Jean Waters -

Additional Resources


Solid Waste Concerns for Tribes Fact Sheet

Pollution Prevention and Zero Waste Fact Sheet

Case Studies

Zero Waste Resources

  • Zero Waste International Alliance (ZWIA): – Zero Waste International Alliance is the internationally recognized online source for Zero Waste standards, policies, and best practices for communities and businesses. ZWIA’s Zero Waste Declaration highlights the environmental justice attributes of the Zero Waste vision:

  • U.S. Green Building Council TRUE Zero Waste Rating System:  About 100 businesses, institutions and government facilities that have been certified as TRUE Zero Waste facilities can be viewed at:

  • National Zero Waste Conference: – The National Zero Waste Conference is an annual two-day virtual educational and networking event organized by Zero Waste USA and its partners. The first day of the conference focuses on Zero Waste Businesses & Institutions. The second day focuses on Zero Waste Communities. The 2023 conference takes place on Wednesday, October 25 and Thursday October 26, 2023.

  • National Recycling Coalition (NRC) 2023 National Recycling Congress:  The  NRC serves its members by developing and sharing best practices and policies that support sustainable materials management and the transformation to a circular economy.  One of its key services is organizing a two-day virtual conference annually.  For information on the 2023 National Recycling Congress, go to  For archives of the 2021 and 2022 virtual National Recycling Congresses, go to:

  • U.S. EPA Managing and Transforming Waste Streams: – With 100 policy, program, and infrastructure initiatives and over 350 case studies, the U.S. EPA Managing and Transforming Waste Streams is an excellent resource for community Zero Waste planning.  

  •  - This is an online training program for becoming a Certified Sustainable Resource Management Professional (CSRMP), accredited by the National Standards Certification Board of the National Recycling Coalition. You can take a single class, watch a pre-recorded webinar, or to boost your expertise in sustainable resource management. They provide Self-paced learning and virtual classrooms so that you can discover learning at your pace, at your place.

  • Baltimore Fair Development Plan for Zero Waste - This Plan provides a step by step guide to transitioning the city away from incineration and toward recycling, composting and reuse, which will expand the economy by 1,800 jobs within two years. The Baltimore Fair Development Plan is a Zero Waste Plan based on community goals and aspirations.

  • Boston Zero Waste Plan - The 30 near-term and long-term recommendations in the Boston Zero Waste Plan will help Boston reduce  the consumption of natural resources and emission of greenhouse gases, and will help Boston increase its citywide recycling rate to be on par with leading cities across the country.  And this work will be sustained through companies providing good, green jobs to  residents in the region.

  • Boston University Zero Waste Plan - BU's Zero Waste Plan was developed by a 54-member task force during the fall of 2019, and released on March 3, 2021. Hundreds of BU faculty, staff, and students helped shape the plan through participation in forums, surveys, and more. The Plan outlines 21 different initiatives that focus on various important aspects of Zero Waste: redesign, reduce, reuse, recycle/compost, culture change, and market development.

  • Recycling is Infrastructure Too Campaign -  This Campaign advocated for the inclusion of waste reduction, reuse, recycling and composting infrastructure funding to stem climate disruption, address racial injustice, and create thousands of jobs throughout the country. The Campaign hosted a series of webinars to ensure these types of projects were part of federal infrastructure discussions and funding. Many of these programs were included for funding in the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and the Inflation Reduction Act.  At this link, the Campaign has recordings of some of the webinars that provide a good overview of how and when to apply for Federal funding for such infrastructure.

  • Illegal Dumping White Paper – this is an executive summary and a best practices manual that addresses illegal dumping of durable goods like auto parts, household appliances, mattresses, furniture, construction and home renovation waste, and electronics. Published by the Mattress Recycling Council, these resources provide excellent guidance that can be used to prevent illegal dumping of materials commonly reported on tribal lands. 

  • Chart Reuse online analytics tool – This tool can help businesses identify actionable insights to pinpoint food packaging waste opportunities and empower teams to chart a path to operational improvements and cost savings. The tool was developed by Upstream whose mission is to spark innovative solutions to plastic pollution by helping people, businesses and communities shift from single-use to reuse.


Pollution Prevention Resources


Green Purchasing Resources

  • Green product certification resources:

    • Biodegradable Products Institute (BPI), which certifies compostable food service ware free of PFAS “forever chemicals”

    • Electronic Products Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT), an environmental rating system for computers, copiers, and other types of IT equipment and electronics

    • ENERGY STAR Product Finder, U.S. EPA’s list of products that have earned the federal government’s energy-efficiency certification

    • Green Seal, a nonprofit organization that certifies a wide array environmentally preferable products such as cleaners, hand soaps, paper products, and more.

    • OMRI Products List, a list maintained by the Organic Materials Research Institute, which certifies safer landscaping products such as pesticides, fertilizers, and more.

    • Safer Choice, U.S. EPA’s list of consumer and institutional cleaning and facility maintenance products that have earned its low-toxicity certification

    • WaterSense-certified products, U.S EPA’s list of toilets, water faucets, irrigation equipment and other products that meet its strong water conservation standards

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