Pollution Prevention Northwest
Published by the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center

May/June 1998


Featured Topic: P2 and Business Assistance
dotGot P2 Questions? Start at NW Network
dotBottom Line: How Much Pollution Does Business Assistance Prevent?
dotBusinesses Take P2 Advice from 'Sweeps'
dotIntensive Approach Finds Big Cost Reductions
dotPatience a Virtue in Seeking Behavior Change
dotGeographic Approach Looks for Direct Environmental Results
dotNetworking Keeps P2 Juices Flowing
dotBusiness/Environment Win With Process Changes

Other P2 News
dotP2 News
dotP2 Digest
dotP2 Information Resources
dotAbout this Newsletter

P2 FocusGetting P2 Knowledge Into the Right Hands

Making the right information easy to come by is a critical element of getting pollution prevention adopted. This edition of P2 Northwest takes a look at programs to assist business with credible, practical and accessible information on increasing their efficiency through P2.


Got P2 Questions? Start at NW Network

You've been sitting at the computer for hours trying to find information about alternative parts cleaning technologies. The search engines are turning up piles of irrelevance — Web sites telling you everything you didn't want to know about janitorial supplies, carpet stains, and chimney sweeping. It's late in the day, there's no one around to steer you through the cyber-chaff, and the client needs the information by 8 a.m. Monday. Got any ideas?

The information you need is out there. But until recently, Northwest businesses and technical assistance providers needing pollution prevention help did not have a place to go where they could be steered to the right resource with the right information.

Information in 15 Minutes or Less

To fill that need, a regional network designed to make synthesized, peer reviewed, and accurate P2 information electronically available in 15 minutes or less is being established. The goal of the network, coordinated by the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center, is to promote adoption of pollution prevention, by speeding up and improving delivery of information that businesses, government and others need to cut waste.

The EPA-funded network will work through a formal system of information exchange. The idea is to share published resources, special expertise and contact information; keep information in standardized formats, and above all, make information easy to find.

In coordinating the network, PPRC will act as an information "wholesaler" by doing research, compiling information, and preparing materials for use by "retailers" that work closely with businesses. Among those are government technical assistance providers, Manufacturing Extension Partnerships (MEPs), energy extension services, and trade associations.

Industry Sector 'Buttons'

To speed things up, network information is being organized by industry sector on the PPRC Web site. For example, a "living document" on the fiberglass fabrication sector "button" can help boat builders who need updated information about P2 technologies and case studies. Other "buttons" on the site are printing, metal fabrication, wood furniture manufacturing, and shipbuilding and repair.

Technology reviews and a research projects database (RPD) are other avenues for finding out about P2 through the network. Technology reviews provide overviews of technical issues, advantages, disadvantages, economics, and research gaps involving P2 technologies. For example, the site has a series of reviews on cleaning processes, and a series on adhesives is being prepared. The RPD provides summaries and contact information for P2 research projects.

Other network features include:

  • Request for Proposals Clearinghouse
  • Referrals
  • Up to two hours of research on specific P2 questions
  • Training for network users


Bottom Line: How Much Pollution Does Business Assistance Prevent?

Hundreds of businesses in the Northwest have been shown, through technical assistance visits, how pollution prevention can save them money and keep wastes out of the environment. But how much pollution is actually being prevented by these assistance projects? Last year, the western regional office of the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality did some number crunching to try to answer that question.

The bottom line result is that giving business managers face-to-face technical assistance seems to result in businesses reducing hazardous waste and reducing their regulatory burdens.

The study examined the results of ongoing technical assistance visits and compliance inspections carried out from 1991 to 1996.

The study also looked at results of a special outreach project in 1995 that focused on businesses that generate between 220 and 2,200 pounds of hazardous waste per month. For regulatory purposes, businesses that generate hazardous waste fall into one of three categories that correspond to the amount of waste they produce. And therein lies a handy yardstick for measuring whether technical assistance results in waste reduction. Businesses that reduce waste move to lower quantity categories, which, by the way, have fewer regulatory requirements.

Following the special 1995 project, 47 percent of the 136 visited businesses moved to the lowest quantity category, and by doing so, were no longer required to report their hazardous wastes. For the ongoing assistance activities, the study showed that 20-24 percent moved to lower categories.

The study does not say that assistance visits deserve all the credit for waste reduction. There is additional evidence, however, that links assistance visits and waste reduction. Results of a more recent study that tracks business response to simplified, step-by-step waste reduction "to do" forms shows that 82 percent of P2 suggestions made during visits were adopted.

A.J. Auto Repair in Salem found that the recommendations "blend well with the process of auto repair," and credited the information received with the company's winning the 1994 Governor's Award for Toxics Use Reduction.

One of the things the state found when talking to businesses about waste reduction was that environmental management varies greatly among businesses, even those in the same waste category. For visits to be effective in getting P2 adopted, "you can't do a canned delivery. You have to modify to fit the circumstances," said David Livengood, an Oregon DEQ technical assistance provider.

Motives for waste reduction differ as well: Increasing profits, reducing regulatory liability, and wanting to "do the right thing" are among them. As businesses become better informed about pollution prevention's benefits, they see P2 opportunities on their own.

A little marketing savvy and people skills don't hurt in showing businesses how P2 can help them, Livengood said.

To learn more, contact David Livengood at livengood.david@deq.state.or.us


Businesses Take P2 Advice from 'Sweeps'

Most business owners probably would not consider a visit from a regulatory agency representative to be the highlight of their day. But if the visit results in lower costs, fewer regulatory burdens, and greater efficiency, they might.

"Sweeps" are a personalized approach to technical assistance that the Washington Department of Ecology and Washington local governments are using to bring pollution prevention and compliance information to business sectors made up mainly of small and medium-size operations. The results seem to show that businesses respond quickly to recommendations for improving their environmental management practices and reducing waste. For many of the businesses and institutions visited, it was their first interaction with environmental agencies.

Auto repair shops, printers, photo processors, and most recently, community and technical colleges have been visited to assist shop managers with reducing waste and complying with hazardous waste regulations. More than 1,700 auto repair shops were visited in the 1992-1993 "Shop Sweeps" campaign. A total of 1,314 printers and photo processors were visited during the 1994-1996 "Snapshots" campaign. In the 1995-1997 "School Sweeps" campaign, 34 community and technical colleges were visited. This summer, the "Shipshape" campaign is planned for boatyards and marinas.

One of the lessons learned from the projects is that businesses appreciate opportunities to talk one-on-one with regulatory agency representatives. The visits, geared toward assistance rather than enforcement, "created an atmosphere conducive to learning and to change," said Ecology's Darin Rice.

Fifty-four percent of printers and photo processors surveyed after the Snapshots campaign, for example, said they had learned useful information about P2. Seventy-five percent of management practices recommended in the school campaign were implemented. For example, stockpiles of aging and dangerous lab chemicals were disposed of, and school labs were shown how to manage chemicals to prevent recurrence of wasteful backlogs.

Another lesson is that a close working relationship with the targeted sector is essential for building trust and preparing "real world" information in simplified formats that businesses can make practical use of.

Regulatory requirements reinforce the appeal of pollution prevention as a way to reduce compliance burdens, but P2 recommendations must be specific and based on real business experience for them to be credible, Rice said.

An uncertain outcome of sweeps is the persistence of behavior changes businesses make after the visits. In an indirect way, the schools campaign tried to address the persistence issue. Ecology worked with educators to develop environmental management and pollution prevention instructional material for use in vocational classes.

To learn more about School Sweeps, contact Patricia Jatczak at pjat461@ecy.wa.gov. For information on the other sweeps projects, contact Darin Rice at dric461@ecy.wa.gov.


Intensive Approach Finds Big Cost Reductions

Two metal finishing firms are saving hundreds of thousands of dollars per year as a result of an intensive technical assistance program, Toxics Reduction Engineer Exchange (TREE), developed by the Washington Department of Ecology.

TREE was developed for companies that need detailed information specific to their processes and economics in order to implement pollution prevention opportunities. A "quick touch" technical assistance visit that is adequate for most manufacturers is not sufficient for companies facing the following special issues:

  1. Few or no resources are available to conduct pollution prevention research,
  2. Detailed economic analysis is required to implement a P2 opportunity, and
  3. Site-specific technical issues are not addressed by case studies describing pollution prevention projects implemented at other companies.
TREE was tested in 1997 at Industrial Plating, a Seattle metal finisher which is Washington's largest job shop electroplater and which was generating 50,000 gallons of hazardous waste per day. Three Ecology engineers spent 300 hours on the plant site investigating its processes and economic issues, then presented a report with detailed assessments of pollution prevention opportunities. The company's facility manager, Bob James, said "the report showing the potential cost savings really inspired our management to support (P2)." The firm used the report to cut water consumption in half and eliminate 42 million pounds of hazardous waste in the first year. The company has realized annual savings of $100,000. Potential annual savings are $250,000.

TREE also was used at Novation, a job shop electroplater in Spokane. Recommendations detailed ways to eliminate 20 million pounds of waste. The company has cut costs by $100,000 annually as a result, and potential savings exceed $200,000 per year.

The state is working with Boeing's commercial airplane manufacturing site in Auburn and the Navy Undersea Weapons Center in Keyport to implement TREE projects. Completion is expected by the fall.

(This article includes material from articles prepared by Christa Colouzis at Ecology.)
To learn more about TREE, visit Shop Talk, at http://www.wa.gov/ecology/hwtr fall97.html#1


Patience a Virtue in Seeking Behavior Change

For dental offices, cleanliness is a given. So for many dentists, it's a stretch to think about environmental management as a pressing business issue. It's almost like ... er ... pulling teeth.

Dental offices are a vivid example of how changing behavior can take a great deal of patience and willingness to listen closely to the needs of the business sector being asked to change its practices. The King County Local Hazardous Waste Management Program is working with dentists to encourage reclamation or recycling of dental wastes.

Hazardous wastes commonly generated in dental offices include mercury found in amalgam waste, spent photo fixer waste, and sterilization chemicals. Typically, the amounts produced by one office are quite small and it can be difficult for an individual office to think of the wastes as a serious problem. Cumulatively, however, many offices can produce sizable quantities that can create problems if poured down drains or, in the case of mercury, sent out with biomedical waste. Wastewater mercury spikes in the early '90s led the county to begin the dental outreach project. In 1997, 89 offices were visited.

The county has tried several tacks in finding ways to reach dentists with credible information. Initially, the county worked with the local dental society, because dentists are well organized into professional associations. This resulted in all members receiving materials on reclaiming and recycling dental waste. The county is now working with dental supply vendors to reclaim amalgam waste.

The county has tried marketing an environmental ethic through its EnviroStars recognition program. Eighteen dentists have been recognized as EnviroStars so far.

Visit http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/hwtr97-436.pdf to learn more about dental waste management. You will need a pdf reader.
Visit http://www.metrokc.gov/hazwaste/estars/ to learn more about EnviroStars.


Geographic Approach Looks for Direct Environmental Result from Business Help

Not many creatures can live in a tough neighborhood like the A-3 channel in west Eugene. About all that call the degraded waterway home are hardy worms that can tolerate an environment low on oxygen and high on phosphates, heavy metals and other pollutants.

The A-3 is surrounded by an industrial area made up of mostly small businesses: auto repair shops, body shops, printers and the like. Would helping these businesses reduce waste and run tidier shops help clean up the three-mile channel? Last year, the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality's western regional office decided to find out.

Technical assistance staff paid visits to 137 businesses in the area, showing them ways to prevent pollution, such as trying out substitute cleaning products and reusing coatings. Housekeeping and compliance advice, such as closing container lids, and keeping burnt-out fluorescent lamps out of dumpsters, also was dispensed.

For the most part, businesses acted on the information they were given. More than half of the recommendations to reduce or reuse hazardous products were implemented. For example, two out of three businesses advised to eliminated chlorinated cleaners and methylene chloride did so. Of the 413 total recommendations made on waste reduction, housekeeping and compliance matters, 328 were put in place.

DEQ's Bart Collinsworth, who developed the A-3 project, said a helpful approach improves the odds that businesses will take the advice. The owner of Wyatt's Tire commented that the visit overall was positive, because it "made me more aware of some of the things we can and should do."

It's too early to quantify a link between the assistance program and changes in the waterway's condition. In order to show a cause-and-effect relationship between business assistance and local environmental improvement, more extensive before-and-after chemical and biological sampling would be required, the project report said. Complicating efforts to document a link is the high turnover of businesses in the area.

In addition, the results of the biological survey suggest that the waterway's condition was affected by industries outstide the project area. Further, reducing chemical contamination is not the only help the A-3 channel needs. Poor habitat needs fixing, through steps such as tree planting.

A number of lessons were learned after the project was completed. One was that many businesses are still wary of working with government agencies, despite the regional office's efforts to build trust. Involving businesses in planning assistance projects was recommended by the project report. Another lesson, the report said, was intergovernmental relationships that can only be overcome with policy or rule changes.

To learn more about this project, visit http://www.deq.state.or.us/od/news97/a3draf3.htm


Networking Keeps P2 Juices Flowing

Finding out regularly what others are doing helps businesses think of new ways to reduce waste.

Since 1992, the state of Alaska has worked with federal facilities, including military bases and land managers, to promote P2. Ideas are shared at regular roundtables and in publications. In March, for example, the agencies held a three-day roundtable on reducing the use of ozone-depleting substances, building markets for recycled materials, and energy efficiency. Three booklets describing examples of P2 projects implemented at Alaska federal facilities have been published. They cover projects that reduced fuel waste, eliminated chlorinated solvents, and improved energy efficiency.

Other projects the cooperative effort has undertaken include publication of training materials, maintaining an environmental training center, and conducting P2 opportunity assessments.

To learn more about this project, contact the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation at 907-269-7591, or compasst@envircon.state.ak.us.


Business/Environment Win With Process Changes

College Expels Toxic Cleaner

As a result of the "School Sweeps" campaign, Peninsula College's electronics program substituted a non-chlorinated product for a degreaser containing 1,1,1 -trichloroethane, an ozone depleting chemical, and toluene, a hazardous air pollutant.

Machine Shop Project Gears Up

King County plans a technical assistance project to help the county's approximately 350 machine shops make their metalworking fluids last longer. Visits are planned this summer, after extensive technical research to develop fluid management recommendations.
Contact Info: 206-689-3051, haz.waste@metrokc.gov.

Partnership Slices Waste

Wacker Siltronics, a Portland silicon wafer manufacturer, is saving more than $1 million annually in water, sewer and waste disposal costs after adopting an alternative cutting fluid process. The change was made through the city/state Environmental Assistance Project.
Contact Info: 503-229-5263.

Preventive Dentistry

Broadway Dental Center in Seattle has replaced mercury amalgams with composites and enamels. Citrus oil sprays were substituted for aerosol deodorizers, and chemical sterilizers will be replaced with steam sterilizers. Broadway is one of 18 dental EnviroStars.

Money Saving Idea on Track

With the help of technical assistance from Oregon DEQ, Emerald Hydraulics in Springfield, Ore., will save an estimated $6,000 per year after changing to a high-flashpoint solvent and halving the frequency of solvent changeout in washers that clean railroad car parts.

Energy Costs Lightened

Coast Guard Air Station Sitka reduced exit light energy use 96 percent by replacing incandescent and fluorescent lamps with light emitting diode fixtures. The Coast Guard expects to recoup its $1,600 investment in two years.


dot Assistance Resources

Below is a parial list of P2 assistance resources for businesses. For more information about technical assistance resources, contact PPRC at 206-352-2050.

PPRC Business Assistance Network

Alaska DEC
800-510-2332 (Alaska only)

Idaho DEQ

Oregon DEQ

Washington Dept. of Ecology

Seattle-King County Local Hazardous Waste Management Program

City of Portland Environmental Services

Puget Sound Air Pollution Control Agency (PSAPCA)

Environmental Coalition of South Seattle (ECOSS)

Manufacturing Extension Partnerships (MEPs)

Small Business Development Centers

WSU Extension Energy Program

OSU Industrial Assessment Center


P2 News
latest info on PPRC's projects, publications

dot P2 DEMONSTRATIONS FOR SHIPYARDS — Shipyard representatives will have a chance to see alternative coatings and paint removal technologies in action at a pollution prevention demonstration to be held at Cacade General on June 9. Alternatives to be demonstrated include wetted grit blasting, ultra high pressure water blasting, alternative primers and antifouling coatings, and HVLP paint guns.

The demonstrations will be followed by a roundtable discussion on the technologies, including production and technical issues, and an update on the National Shipbuilding Research Program's containment study.

The event will be hosted by PPRC and the National Shipbuilding Research Program.

Contact: Chris Wiley (cwiley@pprc.org).

dot FOOD PROCESSING ROUNDTABLE — An industrial roundtable for food processors will be held in Burley, Idaho on June 23. The roundtable will be an opportunity for food processors to share ideas about ways to reduce waste through materials management, alternative refrigerants, and energy efficiency; discuss opportunities and barriers, and identify followup projects.

Contact: Chris Wiley (cwiley@pprc.org).

dot NORTHWESTERN LIGHTS — Staying abreast of P2 projects and initiatives in the Northwest is now made easier by visiting the "Northwestern Lights" feature on PPRC's Web site (http://www.pprc.org/pprc/nwlights/). Northwestern Lights, to be updated monthly, includes P2 news such as industrial sector initiatives, reports, conferences, Web sites, projects, and awards programs.

dot TECHNOLOGY REVIEWS — As part of the regional P2 network project (see story, Page 1), PPRC will prepare up to six technology reviews that will provide overviews of technical issues, advantages, limitations, economics, and research gaps with pollution prevention technologies. A set of three technology reviews covering waterborne, polyurethane reactive (PUR) hot melt, and radiant-cured adhesives is currently undergoing peer review. Reviews will be posted on PPRC's Web site once they are finalized.

dot RAPID RESEARCH SERVICE — One of the services provided through the regional P2 network is up to two hours of research on technical questions. So far, PPRC has provided research on alternative adhesives, non-ozone depleting refrigerants, pollution prevention in welding, managing and reducing food processing wastes, and using a mineral byproduct of abatite mining.

Contact: Catherine Dickerson (office@pprc.org).

dot WORKBOOKS, FACT SHEETSThe Wood Furniture Industry Compliance and Pollution Prevention Workbook has been finalized and is now available on PPRC's Web site. Visit http://www.pprc.org/pprc/sbap/workbook/tocwood.html
Also available are three new fact sheets:

  • Reducing regulatory chemical costs through P2
  • Internet P2 information resources
  • Calculating the true cost of paint and coatings.
To view or download the fact sheets, visit http://www.pprc.org/pprc/sbap/factshts.html

Contact: Chris Wiley (cwiley@pprc.org)


Boeing Support Acknowledged
PPRC is pleased to acknowledge The Boeing Company for its recent contribution of $10,000 to support 1998 programs.


P2 Digest
news briefs from the Northwest and beyond


'Buildwise' Assists Architects

The city of Bellevue, Wash.'s Buildwise program works with building project owners and architects to incorporate sustainable practices into construction and remodeling projects.

Through presentations and technical assistance, architects are shown how to use waste reduction strategies and sustainable materials. Examples include engineered lumber, water saving fixtures that exceed code, daylighting to reduce energy consumption, and recycling of demolition waste.

For more information, contact Vikki VanDuyne at the city of Bellevue, 425-452-7103 or at vvanduyne@ci.bellevue.wa.us.


Building Award Entries Sought

The American Institute of Architects is accepting entries for the 1998 Architecture + Energy Awards: Building Excellence in the Northwest. The competition honors successful integration of architectural and energy-efficient design.

The competition is open to non-residential buildings in Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington. Both new construction and major renovation projects are eligible. Submittals will be judged on energy performance, treatment of energy-related elements, climatic responsive design, resource efficiency, and creativity.

Deadline for entries is June 5. For more information, call 503-223-8757, or visit http://www.aiaportland.com/events/aande/call4entries.htm


Apply for Governor's Award

Businesses and government facilities in Washington state that have taken steps to prevent pollution and waste are encouraged to apply for a 1998 Governor's Award for Outstanding Achievement in Pollution Prevention.

Entry deadline is June 5. For application instructions, call 360-407-6719. Call Bonnie Meyer at 360-407-6740 to learn more.


1998 BEST Award Winners

Six Portland, Ore., businesses were recognized recently for their efforts to save energy, conserve water, reduce and recycle waste, and promote transportation alternatives. Cumulatively, the award-winning businesses' actions will save $8 million a year.

BEST stands for Businesses for an Environmentally Sustainable Tomorrow, and is a service offered by the City of Portland to help local firms save money and benefit the environment at the same time. Winners are:

  • Energy Efficiency: Boeing Commercial Airplane Group and Lamb's Thriftway, a grocery chain.
  • Waste Reduction: Calbag Metals, a non-ferrous scrap metal dealer; and Cascade General, a shipyard.
  • Water Conservation: Graphic Sciences, Inc., an ink manufacturer.
  • Trip Reduction: A partnership effort between the Oregon Health Sciences University, the VA Medical Center, and Shriners Children's Hospital.
  • For more information about BEST, contact the Portland Energy Office at 503-823-7222, or visit http://www.ci.portland.or.us/energy/web/bestmain.html


    Environmental Health Course

    The University of Washington Department of Environmental Health is offering a training course: "Environmental Health for Educators." Topics include air quality, health, toxic substances and risk assessment.

    The course is offered free, including travel, lodging, class credits, and a $100 stipend to purchase supplies. The course is limited to 30 participants, and applicants will compete for placement by writing statements detailing why they are interested and how they intend to use the training.

    The course will be held August 12-14, 1998. For more information, contact Marina Cofer-Wildsmith at 206-616-2643 or at mcofer@u.washington.edu.


    Waste Prevention Teleconference

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's WasteWise Program is inviting business service organizations, federal agencies, environmental groups and others to participate in a national satellite forum on June 17, 8 a.m. to 10 a.m. Pacific time. The forum will help participants identify and implement money-saving waste prevention strategies.

    For more information, call 1-800-EPA-WISE, or visit http://www.epa.gov/wastewise


    P2 Info
    web sites, publications with useful information


    Indicators Report Released

    Sustainable Seattle, a volunteer organization which has tracked environmental and social trends since 1992, recently released its 1998 report "Indicators of a Sustainable Community."

    The group defines sustainability as the long-term health and vitality of cultural, ecological, economic and social systems, and reports on these indicators as a way to measure whether the Seattle area is moving toward or away from sustainability.

    The report indicates that sustainability trends are mixed. Vehicle miles traveled and fuel consumption have increased, as has solid waste generation. But air quality is improving and water consumption is decreasing.

    The P2 indicator shows that direct toxic releases to the environment and heavy metals in wastewater have decreased.

    For more information, including five sample indicators, visit http://www.scn.org/sustainable/susthome.html The full report costs $15. Call 206-622-3611 to order.


    Don't Dump It, Exchange It

    Does your business have old office supplies, chemicals, metals or other unwanted materials you need to unload? A materials exchange can help you find other businesses who can use your unwanted materials and save you the cost of disposal.

    Several materials exchanges are available in the Northwest to match businesses that have with businesses that want. They include:

  • Alaska Materials Exchange 907-269-7582, http://www.state.ak.us/local/akpages/ENV.CONSERV/pubs/ame.pdf
  • IMEX 206-296-4899, http://www.metrokc.gov/hazwaste/imex/
  • Portland Chemical Consortium 503-725-4273, http://www-adm.pdx.edu/user/pcc/default.htm
  • Portland SoilTrader 503-823-7623, http://www.europa.com/environmentalservices/soiltrader

    Site Organizes Chemical Data

    The Environmental Defense Fund has established a web site, "Chemical Scorecard," that allows users to learn about the locations, quantities, and potential health hazards of chemical releases in their areas. Information is available from 17,000 factories and other sites in all 50 states, and can be found by searches keyed to company name, chemical, Zip Code, county, or state. Chemical Scorecard combines data from the Environmental Protection Agency's Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) with information about the potential human health hazards of chemical releases to the environment.

    The site also provides information on the health effects of 5,500 chemicals, including those in consumer products.

    The Chemical Scorecard is located at http://www.scorecard.org.


    Performance Data Indexed

    The EPA's Sector Facility Indexing Project provides comprehensive information on the environmental performance of pulp mills, oil refineries, non-ferrous metal smelters, iron and steel mills, and auto assembly plants. Users can find out about inspections, enforcement actions, and annual chemical releases into the environment.

    This tool is available at http://es.epa.gov/oeca/sfi/.



    Editor & Designer: Jim DiPeso
    Technical Editors: Madeline M. Sten
    Web Version Format: Crispin Stutzman

    Pollution Prevention Northwest is published bimonthly by the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center. To receive a free subscription (please specify electronic or hard copy), link to the newsletter order form or contact the PPRC, 1326 Fifth Ave.,
    Suite 650, Seattle, Washington 98101
    Phone: 206-352-2050; Fax: 206-352-2049
    E-mail: office@pprc.org

    About this Newsletter
    Articles from this newsletter may be printed or distributed electronically only in their entirety with written permission from the PPRC. Please credit the author (if any), followed by "Pollution Prevention Northwest, Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center."

    Advisory Board
    Pat Barclay, Idaho Council on Industry and the Environment; Scott Butner, Battelle Seattle Research Center; Fred Claggett, Environment Canada; Jim Craven, American Electronics Association; Gil Omenn, University of Washington School of Public Health; and Kathy Vega, U.S. Department of Energy.

    About the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
    The Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center (PPRC) is a nonprofit organization formed to identify opportunities and overcome obstacles to pollution prevention implementation in the Pacific Northwest. Headquartered in Seattle, Wash., the PPRC serves Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington and British Columbia.

    Financial support for the PPRC is broad-based, with contributions from organizations such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of Defense, the Northwest states and British Columbia, The Boeing Company, Intel Corporation and the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable. The PPRC accepts environmental settlement moneys to further its work on pollution prevention.

    Significant in-kind support has been provided by organizations such as: Hewlett-Packard Company, Battelle/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Battelle Seattle Research Center, Microsoft Corporation, Ross & Associates Environmental Consulting, Ltd. and Perkins Coie.

    Staff: Madeline M. Sten, Executive Director; Chris Montovino, Technical Director; Jim DiPeso, Communications Director; Chris Wiley, Small Business Liaison; Scott Allison, Business Manager; Crispin Stutzman, Research Associate; and Dana Heisler, Administrative Assistant.

    Board of Directors: Richard Bach, President, Stoel Rives, Portland, Ore.; Rodney Brown, Vice President, Marten & Brown LLP, Seattle, Wash; Joan Cloonan, Vice President, J.R. Simplot Company, Boise, Idaho; William June, Secretary, On Point Communications Strategists, Portland, Ore.; Dana Rasmussen, Treasurer, Seattle, Wash.; Scott Forrest, Forrest Paint Co., Eugene, Ore; Johanna M. Munson, State of Alaska, Anchorage, Alaska; Gilbert Omenn, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Univ. of Wash., Seattle, Wash.; T. Murray Rankin, Arvay Finlay, Victoria, British Columbia; Alan Schuyler, ARCO Alaska, Anchorage, Alaska; Kirk Thomson, The Boeing Company, Seattle, Wash.; Randy Tucker, OSPIRG, Portland, Ore.; and Forrest Whitt, Hewlett-Packard, Boise, Idaho.

    © 1999, Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
    phone: 206-352-2050, web: www.pprc.org