Pollution Prevention Northwest
Published by the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center

February/March 1998


Featured Topic: P2 and Climate Change
dot Introduction
dot Energy Efficiency Is a P2 Approach That Brings Cost Reductions to Business
dot Efficiencies Reduce Other Greenhouse Gases
dot E2 on the Ground: NW Projects Help Businesses Get More Value for Energy Dollars Spent
dot Innovative E2 Solutions
dot Business Efficiency Resources Available

Other P2 News
dot 'Living Document' Is a Fiberglass Resource
dot P2 News
dot P2 Digest
dot P2 Information Resources
dotAbout this Newsletter

P2 FocusP2 & Climate Change

The emission of gases suspected of altering the climate is a matter drawing increasing attention of business and government. Pollution prevention can play a central role in reducing "greenhouse" gas emissions by introducing energy and other process efficiencies. This issue of Pollution Prevention Northwest explores how these efficiencies cut costs, improve productivity and increase building utility, as well as cut greenhouse gas emissions.


Energy Efficiency Is a P2 Approach That Brings Cost Reduction, Production Benefits to Business

Many businesses in the Northwest have taken advantage of the cost savings and production improvements that are possible through energy efficiency and alternative energy technologies.

Between 1980 and 1996, the Pacific Northwest (excluding Alaska) saved $2.5 billion and eliminated 60 billion kilowatt-hours of energy waste through efficiency projects, such as lighting retrofits, upgraded motors, improved heating and cooling systems, tighter buildings, and more efficient appliances and office equipment.

Energy efficiency, or "E2," is pollution prevention. Making more efficient use of electric power means an equal or even greater level of energy services can be provided with less fuel consumption and fewer air emissions generated by fuel consumption, including "greenhouse gases" suspected of altering the climate. About 85 percent of gross U.S. greenhouse emissions are related to energy consumption.

For example, "T8" fluorescent lighting tubes produce 7 percent more light and use 16 percent less electricity than the conventional "F40-T12" tubes commonly found in office buildings. Efficiency also brings production improvements. Businesses have found that more efficient lighting that is of better quality can help staff see their work better and ensure product quality.

From a climate change perspective, cost-effective energy efficiency improvements often are referred to as "no regrets" projects. By this definition, efficiencies that reduce costs and increase productivity are beneficial to business, regardless of the environmental benefits that preventing greenhouse gas emissions may achieve. Over the next 20 years, available cost-effective energy efficiencies could save the Northwest $2.3 billion, in addition to preventing emission of 80 million tons of carbon dioxide, according to an estimate from the Northwest Power Planning Council. Nearly two-thirds of the estimated energy savings opportunities are available in commercial and industrial sectors.

Examples of energy efficiencies that Northwest businesses have achieved recently include the following.

BUILDING OPERATIONS: The Westin, a downtown Seattle hotel, reduced its electricity bill by about 15 percent simply by systematizing building maintenance through a process known as "commissioning." In addition to reducing costs, the process makes the hotel more comfortable for guests.

LIGHTING: Sony Disc Manufacturing's three-year-old compact disc plant in Springfield, Ore. is saving nearly $100,000 per year on its electricity bill thanks to energy-efficient lighting that also creates a comfortable work environment for employees. Lighting is a significant efficiency opportunity. Since 1991, businesses participating in EPA's voluntary Green Lights retrofit program have cut their electricity bills by a nationwide total exceeding $440 million. Lighting upgrades can save businesses about 50 cents a square foot, and can pay back in only 2.5 years, according to the Energy Efficient Lighting Association, a trade organization.

ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS: The Boeing Company is installing a building automation system throughout a commercial airplane parts manufacturing complex in Auburn, Wash. The system is expected to save the company $2.5 million annually despite increased production. A $3.5 million energy management system installed in the complex's main manufacturing buildings in 1995 saved the company $500,000 per month in early 1996, leading to a decision to install the system facility-wide.

WASTE HEAT RECOVERY: Oregon Cherry Growers, Inc., which produces maraschino cherries in Salem and The Dalles, cut its natural gas consumption from a fruit leaching process nearly 90 percent by capturing waste heat and using it to pre-heat process water. The company expects to save $63,000 annually on the $140,000 heat recovery system investment.

Energy efficiency has been likened to a "$20 bill lying on the sidewalk," but there are significant barriers to fully exploiting efficiency opportunities. Among them are competition for capital investment funds, short payback expectations, lack of information, and disincentives against designing high efficiency performance into buildings.

The Northwest's energy efficiency savings achieved since 1980 occurred in large part as a result of financial support from electric utilities that helped overcome capital investment barriers. As electricity prices have fallen and power markets have become more competitive, utilities have responded by reducing financial support for efficiency projects at individual business sites.

New mechanisms for reducing market barriers in a changing environment are being explored. Some utilities, such as Eugene Water & Electric Board, have begun marketing efficiency as a service that meets customer needs, such as improved productivity. Another is called "market transformation" — leveraging wholesale adoption of efficient equipment and practices. The Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance, a utility-funded non-profit consortium, so far has approved 27 market transformation projects. The efficient motors project, for example, funds rebates for dealers selling high-efficiency units.

Efficient technology has its place in improving energy efficiency, but so do "common sense" measures to improve work practices, as the Westin found in the hotel commissioning project. Before commissioning, hotel tools, maintenance manuals, and blueprint files were disorganized. Now, the tools and files are tidily organized, maintenance employees are trained, and a preventive maintenance schedule has been implemented to keep boilers and other equipment in efficient operating condition.

In a Feb. 6 speech about climate change, British Petroleum CEO John Browne quoted a company technologist who responded to his call for in-house carbon dioxide reduction ideas: "There is a lot to be done through employee awareness. I suspect that we can make significant gains in fuel efficiency and emission control by getting the message home to the people with their hands on the valves."


Efficiencies Reduce Other Greenhouse Gases

Energy and process efficiencies reduce emissions of other greenhouse gases in addition to carbon dioxide. The volume of gases such as methane and halocarbons emitted in agricultural and industrial processes is low compared to carbon dioxide, but their molecule-for-molecule impact is higher because they have higher global warming potential than carbon dioxide. Normalizing emissions data for the other gases to account for their higher potential shows that they accounted for 15 percent of total gross U.S. emissions of gases with warming potential.

Methane comes from three main sources: oil and gas production activities, livestock, and landfills. Total U.S. methane emissions in 1995 accounted for more than 10 percent of total emissions with global warming potential.

Methane is produced in landfills when solid waste decomposes. Reducing waste going to landfills reduces methane emissions from that source.

Through the voluntary Natural Gas Star program, natural gas companies such as Oregon's Northwest Natural Gas are reducing leaks through improved maintenance. Savings in salable gas alone are projected at $70 million nationwide.

Improving the diet of livestock can prevent methane emissions and improve production, according to the Environmental Protection Agency's Ruminant Livestock Efficiency Program. Between 1960 and 1990, for example, dietary improvements for dairy cattle reduced the dairy industry's estimated methane emissions 13 percent while milk production increased 17 percent. Methane also can be recovered from livestock manure. Craven Farms in Cloverdale, Ore. is selling electricity to its local utility by burning "biogas" in two generators.

Aluminum smelting is the principal source of perfluorocarbons (PFCs), a halocarbon which accounted for 0.4 percent of total U.S. emissions of greenhouse gases when corrected for warming potential. EPA is working with aluminum smelters in the Northwest and elsewhere in the U.S. to better understand how PFC forms and develop emissions prevention strategies. The goal of the program is to cut PFC emissions 45 percent from 1990 levels by 2000. Through 1996, the effort had moved halfway toward the goal.


E2 on the Ground: Northwest Projects Help Businesses Get More Value for Energy Dollars Spent

Energy efficiency and alternative energy technologies can improve building utility, increase business productivity and reduce costs in addition to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Following are examples of energy improvements that have been implemented or are in progress in the Northwest.

Total Building Efficiency: Centerplex, which owns two commercial office buildings totaling 26,500 square feet in Tukwila, Wash., reduced its electricity bill more than 50 percent by installing efficient lighting fixtures and controls, insulated windows and window films, programmable thermostats and insulating paneling. With a payback period of 18 months, the estimated annual cash savings resulting from the project total $23,000, and energy savings total more than 310,000 kilowatt-hours per year.

The buildings' 532 fluorescent lights were upgraded with more efficient lamps and electronic ballasts. Occupancy sensors were installed to ensure that lights are on only when interior spaces are in use. Coated windows triple the amount of daylight that enters the building, further reducing the need for artificial lighting. Ten programmable thermostats increased interior comfort in addition to saving energy. The thermostats reduced tenant complaints about erratic indoor temperatures.

To learn more about this project, visit Centerplex's Web site at http://www.centerplex.net

Integrating E2 into Planning: Columbia Colstor, a Washington-based company that stores frozen food and provides other freezing services, has integrated energy efficiency into its strategy for reducing costs, thereby enhancing operational efficiency and maintaining an edge in a highly competitive business. The company closely tracks its energy consumption, actively seeks out efficiency opportunities in new and existing facilities, and is developing an energy management program that includes operator training and team problem-solving.

Between 1990 and 1996, the company reduced its electricity consumption by nearly 23 million kilowatt-hours with efficiency projects that have had an average simple payback of 3.5 years. Lower costs allow the company to win business by underpricing competitors. In addition to reducing energy costs, efficiency measures have improved operations. For example, computerized controls at the Woodland, Wash., facility allow for instantaneous adjustments of refrigeration systems.

To learn more about this project, visit http://www.newsdata.com/enernet/iod/conweb/conweb20.html#cw20-4

Lighting and Workplace Quality: Advanced Technology Laboratories, a 285,000-square-foot facility in Bothell, Wash., which manufactures diagnostic ultrasound machines, found that a lighting retrofit improved employees' ability to see their work in assembling circuit boards. For a precision manufacturing operation, visual acuity is critical for ensuring quality control.

Before the 1994 retrofit, employees had complained of headaches caused by glare. To control glare and to improve lighting efficiency on the manufacturing floor, an indirect lighting system that distributes illumination evenly was installed. Employees were included in the planning process to help perfect the design. The facility's "cave-like" appearance gave way to a bright work area that helps employees see their work better and helps night shift workers stay awake.

For combined manufacturing and office spaces, lighting loads were cut by more than a third. The company is saving $6,500 per month in direct lighting costs, and its heating/cooling loads have been reduced 2 percent.

To learn more about lighting efficiency, visit the Lighting Design Lab at http://www.northwestlighting.com

Building Commissioning: Aster Publishing in Eugene, Ore., cut its electric bill by $44,000 by "commissioning" a 1994 efficiency upgrade to the 66,300-square-foot building's lighting, heating and cooling systems. Commissioning is a systematic process for ensuring that a building's energy systems work together efficiently. Benefits include 15 to 30 percent energy savings, greater building comfort and improved indoor air quality. At Aster Publishing, commissioning corrected problems such as failure of controls to operate in accordance with design.

The Northwest Power Planning Council estimates that commissioning new buildings could save 135 megawatts of power in the region, at a regional cost of 1 cent per kilowatt-hour saved.

To learn more about building commissioning, visit Portland Energy Conservation, Inc. at http://www.peci.org

Community Efficiency Programs: Businesses in three Oregon communities — Ashland, La Grande and Salem — are participating in the Alliance to Advance Resource Efficiency Project (AWARE) to help local businesses and institutions reduce costs and become more competitive through efficient use of energy, water and other resources. For Ashland, the state hired a resource efficiency manager to help businesses identify and implement efficiency measures.

Simple behavioral changes are among the measures that have been implemented as a result of the effort. For example, an Ashland inn is saving $3,000 per year on energy and water bills partly through simple changes in operations and maintenance practices that the resource manager brainstormed with kitchen and housekeeping staff.

After efficiency measures such as lighting upgrades have been installed, businesses have found there is still room for further waste reduction by fine-tuning maintenance. Southern Oregon University, for example, is saving $30,000 annually through efficient lighting and heating, and is now focusing on low-cost efficiency measures such as regularly scheduled equipment maintenance.

To learn more about AWARE, contact the Ashland Chamber of Commerce at 541-482-3486; the City of La Grande at 541-962-1360, or Salem Electric Cooperative at 503-362-3601. Read about project results by visiting http://www.cbs.state.or.us/external/ooe/cons/!ashcase.pdf

Telecommuting: In a series of pilot projects between 1993 and 1994, central Oregon businesses and agencies found that telecommuting, or "telework, " resulted in more productive work time, improved customer service, and reduced travel costs. ORCOM, a Bend software development company, found that on-call teleworkers could handle customer problems more quickly by avoiding a trip to the office when calls came in. The 28 workers who participated saved $1,456 in gasoline costs and prevented emission of more than 11 tons of carbon dioxide.

Advantages of telework include employee retention, increased productivity, reduced commuting stress, and more flexibility to deal with family care matters. Disadvantages include reduced face-to-face contact between supervisors and employees, employee isolation, problems with off-site equipment failures, and less flexibility in managing company emergencies.

To learn more about telework, visit the Oregon Office of Energy at http://www.cbs.state.or.us/external/ooe/telework/oregon.htm, or the Washington State University Energy Extension Telecommuting Program at http://www.energy.wsu.edu/ep/telecomm/

Methane Recovery: The City of Portland plans to install a 200-kilowatt fuel cell at its Columbia Boulevard wastewater treatment plant. The fuel cell will capture about one-third of the 1 million cubic feet of methane that is naturally produced daily in the treatment process and extract its hydrogen for power generation. The power, totaling about 1.7 million kilowatt-hours annually, will be used on site and eliminate the need to buy a $125,000 backup battery system. Displacement of grid power also will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by an average of 736 tons per year. Heat produced by the fuel cell as a by-product will be recovered and used in plant digesters.

Fuel cells work by electrochemically by combining hydrogen and oxygen to produce electric current.

To learn more about fuel cells, visit Fuel Cells 2000, http://www.fuelcells.org


Innovative E2 Solutions

Shell Refines Lighting Budget

A lighting retrofit at Shell's Anacortes, Wash., refinery cut the lighting electricity load 26 percent and saves nearly $128,000 per year, a 25.5 percent internal rate of return. The 13 million-square-foot retrofit is reducing carbon dioxide emissions by more than 1,622 tons annually.

Motor Efficiency Cements Savings

Holnam, Inc.'s Seattle cement plant is saving $53,000 per year and reducing carbon dioxide emissions by nearly 232 tons annually as a result of a variable frequency drive installed on a fan motor. The fan, which circulates heat through the full length of the rotary kiln, is greatly oversized for most needs. Varying fan motor speed to match need has reduced average power draw by 75 percent.

A Flare for CO2 Reductions

BP plans to reduce gas flaring associated with oil production in Alaska and elsewhere. In 1996, CO2 emissions from all U.S. oil field gas flaring totaled 3.4 million metric tons.

Wind Plant Region's First

The first commercial-scale wind energy power plant to serve the Northwest is under construction in Wyoming and will go on line late this year. The plant is expected to produce about 152 million kilowatt-hours annually, displacing 76,000 to 152,000 tons of carbon dioxide from fossil plants. Power from the plant will be distributed in the Northwest via the Bonneville Power Administration, PacifiCorp, and Eugene Water & Electric Board.

Crossings Run on Sun, Wind

The Alaska Railroad uses solar and wind power to charge batteries that operate five signal crossings from Seward to Denali. Solar and wind avoid fuel costs of diesel generation, as well as air emissions.


dotBusiness Efficiency Resources Available

EPA Partnership Programs
Voluntary climate change and energy programs for business, including Green Lights, Energy Star and ClimateWise.

Technology Access Partnerships
Programs transferring energy efficiency, waste prevention and productivity technologies to businesses, including Motor Challenge, Industrial Assessment Centers and National Industrial Competitiveness (NICE-3) grants.

Lighting Design Lab (LDL)
Assists lighting designers with identifying and testing efficient, effective lighting plans. Consultations, classes, a mockup facility and product demonstrations available.

NW Energy Efficiency Business Directory
This BPA on-line directory lists firms providing energy efficiency services.

Alaska Division of Energy
Provides technical support and financial assistance for efficiency projects.

Idaho Energy Division
Provides technical support and financial assistance for efficiency projects.

Oregon Office of Energy
Tax credits totaling 35 percent of eligible project costs for energy efficiency, renewable energy and alternative fuel projects are available. Low-interest loans also are available.

WSU Extension Energy Program
This program conducts research, develops software tools and provides training for improving efficiency in commercial, industrial and transport sectors.


P2 News
latest info on PPRC's projects, publications

dot FIBERGLASS P2 RESOURCE — A "living document" detailing environmental issues and pollution prevention opportunities in the fiberglass fabrication industry is the newest addition to the Northwest Business Assistance Network section of PPRC's Web site. The document can be found at http://www.pprc.org/pprc/sbap/fiber/fiberTOC.html.

The "living document," entitled Fiberglass Fabrication Industry: Northwest Pollution Prevention and Regulatory Perspectives, is designed to make full use of the Internet's unique capability for making the freshest information available in a timely fashion, and for allowing interaction among document authors and readers.

The document includes a description of environmental issues facing fiberglass fabricators in the Northwest, regulatory issues and pollution prevention technologies. With input from qualified experts in the private and public sectors, the document will be updated monthly to reflect the latest developments in environmental laws, research, technology, and problem-solving projects. The document has opportunities for readers to contribute case studies, vendor information, comments on industry issues, and more.

Contact: Chris Wiley (cwiley@pprc.org).

dot REGIONAL NETWORK — PPRC is looking for people qualified and interested in acting as peer reviewers for technology reviews, pollution prevention reports, industry roundtable reports and other materials to be prepared for the Regional Pollution Prevention Network. Sectors included in the network so far are shipbuilding and repair, fiberglass fabrication, and paints and coatings blending. Adhesives is the topic of the first technology review PPRC has begun preparing. Adhesives experts from industry and other sectors are invited to be peer reviewers.

A minimum of six technology reviews will be prepared. The reviews will synthesize current research, summarize technical issues and costs, and research needs associated with P2 technologies.

Contact: Chris Montovino (cmontovino@pprc.org).

dot SHIPYARDS UPDATE — On Dec. 11, 1997, PPRC held a mini-roundtable for Portland shipyards. Representatives of shipyards, shippers, the Port of Portland, marine coatings vendors, and the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality discussed alternative antifouling coatings and paint removal systems, barriers to using alternatives, and Best Management Practices. Participants expressed a strong desire for continued discussions of pollution prevention issues.

Reports on the Portland roundtable and on the roundtable held Nov. 10, 1997 for small shipyards are in the final editing stage.

Contact: Chris Montovino (cmontovino@pprc.org).

dot WORKBOOKS UPDATE — The Wood Furniture Industry Compliance and Pollution Prevention Workbook is in the final editing stage. Once it is finalized, it will be available on the Northwest Business Assistance Network's wood furniture "sector button" (http://www.pprc.org/pprc/sbap/wood.html).

Contact: Chris Wiley (cwiley@pprc.org).


P2 Digest
news briefs from the Northwest and beyond


DOE Holding P2 Conference

Government, industry, military and pollution prevention experts will participate in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) 14th annual P2 conference, to be held June 1-4, 1998 in Seattle. This year's theme is "Return on Innovation: Investing in Our Future." The meeting will allow information exchange on innovative pollution prevention investments implemented across the DOE facilities complex.

The conference will address source reduction and recycling successes, energy efficiency, Internet and other information resources, pollution prevention incentives/generator participation, innovative research and more. On the program will be a debate on the topic: "How Can Pollution Prevention Really Pay?" Speakers will include Dr. Robert Pojasek of Pojasek & Associates, Dr. Lynn Scarlett of the Reason Public Policy Institute, John Charles of Cascade Policy Institute, and Alan Thein Durning of Northwest Environment Watch.

For more information, contact Mary Betsch at 509-372-1627 or at Mary_D_Betsch@rl.gov. Additional information is available online at http://www.hanford.gov/polprev/conference/index.htm.


Energy Management Trade Show

This trade show offers attendees up-to date details on the impact of electric utility deregulation, innovative efficiency technologies and dynamic, new energy services.

Topics to be addressed include efficiency advances in lighting ballasts, lamps and controls; advances in engine-driven chillers; customer choice in using new energy providers; trends in the energy service industry; new financing opportunities; latest electric and gas efficiency technologies; and more.

The show will be held April 8-9, 1998 in Anaheim, Calif. Conference registration ranges from $585 to $685. For more information, call 770-925-9633 or visit the conference web site at http://www.aeecenter.org/shows


Idaho Environment Conference

This 9th annual conference focuses on environmental concerns of interest in Idaho: pollution prevention, small quantity generators, agricultural issues, air and water quality, health issues, and more. Speakers include representatives from government, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, and private industry. A panel discussion on pollution prevention will be part of the program.

The conference will include 1998 Awards in Environmental Excellence, as well as vendor exhibits.

Conference fees range from $90-$150, and conference proceedings (complete papers or extended abstracts of the major presentations) will be available for $35. For more information, call 800-753-4781.


Non-point Source Conference

"Partnerships in Preventing Polluted Runoff" will be the topic of a non-point source pollution conference to be held in Wenatchee, Wash., March 31-April 1, 1998. Private and public partnerships in managing polluted runoff will have an opportunity to present accomplishments and lessons learned. The conference also will provide opportunities for forming new partnerships to manage non-point runoff through the discovery of common linkages between groups, and to identify problems in polluted runoff and possible solutions.

For more information, contact Bill Green at 360-407-6795 or at wgre461@ecy.wa.gov. Visit the conference Web site at http://www.wa.gov/ecology/wq/nonpoint/nptconf.html


Efficiency Alliance OK's Projects

Through 1997, the Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance has funded 27 projects to increase the diffusion of energy-efficient technologies and practices.

The alliance is a utility-funded non-profit consortium with $65 million in funding available through 1999 for demonstrations, education and financial incentives. Projects funded include Internet lighting design resources, education on variable-speed drive fan motors for refrigerated warehouses, and efficient irrigation scheduling.

For more information, contact the alliance at 1-800-411-0834, or visit its Web site at http://www.nwalliance.org.


P2 Info
web sites, publications with useful information


EPA Publications Available Online

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency now offers access to more than 6,000 EPA publications on the Internet. From the National Environmental Publication Information Site (NEPI), you can search and view full image scanned publications at: http://www.epa.gov/cincl/.

Users can perform full text searches and display ranked results with their Internet browser. For more information, contact Shannon McFarland at 513-569-7762, or at wright.ed@epamail.epa.gov.


Virtual Performance Office

Industry Canada offers a "virtual" office called the Canadian Business Environmental Performance Office (BEPO). It has 25 industry sector and federal and provincial government partners to provide a one-stop center for information, tools and on-line experts on resource efficiency, pollution prevention, waste management, and emergency, health and safety management.

BEPO provides in-depth information to eight industry sectors: agriculture, construction, consumer products, electronics, food services, forestry, health, and metals.

For more information, contact Nancy Hamzawi at hamzawi.nancy@ic.gc.ca, or visit the Web site at http://virtualoffice.ic.gc.ca/BEPO.


Dentists, Auto Shops Assisted

The Washington Department of Ecology recently published targeted information for the auto repair and dental sectors. Each publication discusses relevant waste issues, best management practices, and useful state contacts for additional information.

For copies of these publications, call 1-800-633-7585 or download the publications from Ecology's Web site at http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/hwtrindex.html.


Traveling Green

The "Green" Hotels Association promotes pollution prevention in the lodging industry. Association members receive information about a variety of topics, from serving drinking water only on request to installing new heating and cooling systems.

A list of member hotels is available online at http://www.greenhotels.com.


Find Information on IPM

A large collection of agricultural P2 resources is available through IPMnet, which is maintained by the The Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP), a non-profit organization of U.S. universities. Its principal purposes are to advance efficient and environmentally sound protection practices, and the health of communities.

Visit the site at http://www.ipmnet.org.


New FEMP Partners

Idaho Power and Washington Water Power are the newest resource partners in the Federal Energy Management Program. Partners provide software and training.

For more information, visit FEMP's site at http://www.eren.doe.gov/femp.



Editor & Designer: Jim DiPeso
Technical Editors: Madeline M. Sten
Web Version Format: Crispin Stutzman

Pollution Prevention Northwest is published bimonthly by the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center. To receive a free subscription (please specify electronic or hard copy), link to the newsletter order form or contact the PPRC, 1326 Fifth Ave.,
Suite 650, Seattle, Washington 98101
Phone: 206-352-2050; Fax: 206-352-2049
E-mail: office@pprc.org

About this Newsletter
Articles from this newsletter may be printed or distributed electronically only in their entirety with written permission from the PPRC. Please credit the author (if any), followed by "Pollution Prevention Northwest, Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center."

Advisory Board
Pat Barclay, Idaho Council on Industry and the Environment; Scott Butner, Battelle Seattle Research Center; Fred Claggett, Environment Canada; Jim Craven, American Electronics Association; Gil Omenn, University of Washington School of Public Health; and Kathy Vega, U.S. Department of Energy.

About the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
The Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center (PPRC) is a nonprofit organization formed to identify opportunities and overcome obstacles to pollution prevention implementation in the Pacific Northwest. Headquartered in Seattle, Wash., the PPRC serves Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington and British Columbia.

Financial support for the PPRC is broad-based, with contributions from organizations such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of Defense, the Northwest states and British Columbia, The Boeing Company, Intel Corporation and the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable. The PPRC accepts environmental settlement moneys to further its work on pollution prevention.

Significant in-kind support has been provided by organizations such as: Hewlett-Packard Company, Battelle/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Battelle Seattle Research Center, Microsoft Corporation, Ross & Associates Environmental Consulting, Ltd. and Perkins Coie.

Staff: Madeline M. Sten, Executive Director; Chris Montovino, Technical Director; Jim DiPeso, Communications Director; Chris Wiley, Small Business Liaison; Scott Allison, Business Manager; Crispin Stutzman, Research Associate; and Dana Heisler, Administrative Assistant.

Board of Directors: Richard Bach, President, Stoel Rives, Portland, Ore.; Rodney Brown, Vice President, Marten & Brown LLP, Seattle, Wash; Joan Cloonan, Vice President, J.R. Simplot Company, Boise, Idaho; William June, Secretary, On Point Communications Strategists, Portland, Ore.; Dana Rasmussen, Treasurer, Seattle, Wash.; Scott Forrest, Forrest Paint Co., Eugene, Ore; Johanna M. Munson, State of Alaska, Anchorage, Alaska; Gilbert Omenn, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Univ. of Wash., Seattle, Wash.; T. Murray Rankin, Arvay Finlay, Victoria, British Columbia; Alan Schuyler, ARCO Alaska, Anchorage, Alaska; Kirk Thomson, The Boeing Company, Seattle, Wash.; Randy Tucker, OSPIRG, Portland, Ore.; and Forrest Whitt, Hewlett-Packard, Boise, Idaho.

© 1999, Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
phone: 206-352-2050, web: www.pprc.org