Pollution Prevention Northwest
Published by the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center

January/February 1997


Featured Topic: Environmental Leadership Efforts in the Northwest
Industry Taking Active Role in Emerging Regulatory System
EPA's Environmental Leadership Program
Environmental Leadership Program: 3 Northwest Pilots
Environmental Excellence Legislation
Update on Project XL
More Environmental Excellence Efforts in the Northwest

Other P2 News
Is It Clean Enough? Cleanliness Measurement Technology Review
PPRC Support
Pollution Prevention Digest
About this Newsletter

Introduction — Environmental Leadership Efforts in the Northwest

There is increasing interest from industry to work with regulatory agencies to find innovative, less-costly solutions to meet today's environmental standards. Through a variety of pilot programs, more and more companies are moving toward "environmental excellence" — learning to proactively manage their environmental issues and practice pollution prevention.

This issue of Pollution Prevention Northwest will take a look at some of the "environmental excellence" efforts in the region, including EPA's Environmental Leadership Program and Project XL, as well as activities focused on the International Standards Organization's standard for privately certified environmental management systems — ISO 14001.


Industry Taking Active Role in Emerging Regulatory System

by John Palmer, U.S. EPA, Region 10

Over the past several years, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the state environmental agencies have embarked on a number of experiments (or pilot programs) to "reinvent" the regulation of industrial facilities. The goal of these pilots is to create a regulatory framework that provides more flexibility to companies to find innovative, less-costly solutions that meet and exceed environmental standards.

The sheer number, and the overlapping nature, of these "reinvention" programs has left both industry and the regulatory agencies confused about the future direction of environmental policy and management. But one thing is clear: these programs are the pieces of a puzzle that will form the new framework for environmentally responsible companies.

The new regulatory framework likely will be a two-track system. There will be one track for companies that proactively manage their environmental issues and practice pollution prevention — the "leaders" — and another track for those who don't — the "followers." The new track will be a preference track for responsible companies; the other will be the traditional "command and control" regulatory system.

New 'Green' Track System

As a company becomes more responsible in managing its environmental affairs, it will receive more compliance and regulatory flexibility and public recognition. This flexibility and recognition translates into lower costs and other benefits (such as consolidated reporting, reduced inspections and operating flexibility under a facility-wide emission cap) for the company. Therefore, this new "green" track will be an incentive for companies to manage their environmental affairs responsibly and move beyond compliance.

EPA's Environmental Leadership Program (ELP) and Project XL (which stands for eXcellence and Leadership) are two evolving programs designed to support EPA's efforts to reinvent environmental regulation.

ELP recognizes and provides incentives to facilities willing to develop and demonstrate innovative approaches to establishing and assuring compliance with environmental requirements (see "EPA's Environmental Leadership Program," and summaries of Northwest pilot projects). The foundation of ELP is a mature environmental management system (EMS).

Project XL gives responsible companies the flexibility to replace the requirements of the current system with their own alternative strategies to achieve better bottom-line environmental results (see "Update on Project XL").

Another component in the emerging regulatory system is ISO 14001 — the International Standards Organization's standard for a privately certified EMS.

ELP, Project XL and ISO 14001 are all valuable pieces to the bigger, yet far-from-complete, reinvention puzzle.

While ELP has successfully defined what it means to be an "environmental leader," the program may lack adequate incentives. Project XL, however, provides a tremendous incentive to companies — flexibility — but has been criticized for inadequately defining "leadership." In the future, the programs may merge into one program, drawing the best from each program.

Many companies are also interested in ISO 14001, but are waiting to better understand the benefits and costs of certification. While market forces are the main drivers for ISO certification, government incentives under the emerging green track system may provide enough additional incentive for wide-scale adoption of the 14001 EMS standard. For instance, ISO 14001 may effectively be the EMS standard for ELP because it will take the burden of evaluating a company's EMS off the regulatory agencies.

John Palmer is pollution prevention coordinator at EPA Region 10, 206-223-6521 (john.palmer@epamail.epa.gov).


EPA's Environmental Leadership Program

by Tai-ming Chang and Peter Bahor, U.S. EPA

The U.S. EPA's Environmental Leadership Program (ELP) is one of the primary efforts the agency is implementing to explore alternatives to traditional command and control. This program is one of the "building blocks for a new system" under President Clinton's March 16, 1995 priorities for reinventing environmental regulation.

The ELP is designed to support EPA's ongoing efforts to improve environmental performance, encourage voluntary compliance and build working relationships with stakeholders. An important aspect of the program is to recognize superior environmental performance by facilities.

Twelve companies participated in an ELP pilot phase, three of which are in the Northwest — Simpson Tacoma Kraft, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard and WMX Technologies (see summaries). At the end of the pilot phase, a public stakeholders conference was held on Nov. 21, 1996 to share the lessons learned and discuss the proposed framework for the full-scale ELP. EPA plans to offer applications for membership in the full-scale program in late February.

Environmental Management System

The foundation of the program is the ELP Environmental Management System (EMS). Through the EMS component, environmental management is incorporated into a facility's daily business operations. The ELP EMS is an integrated, structured and systematic approach to identifying significant environmental impacts from an organization's activities, products and services. A facility's EMS should also help strive toward supporting opportunities for the facility to go beyond compliance.

Effective EMSs include, in part, components for achieving compliance with all relevant regulatory and statutory requirements, opportunities to continually improve the organization's EMS and its overall environmental performance, implementation of pollution prevention activities and practices, and effective communica
tion with the community.

The ELP EMS requirements are based on an EMS with the characteristics of ISO 14001, an international environmental standard that was published in September 1996. The ELP pilot projects helped to determine that these characteristics defined in ISO 14001, plus certain requirements also implemented through the EMS, would form the ELP EMS requirements. The additional requirements are compliance assurance, community outreach, pollution prevention, and additional environmental enhancement activities. (For more information, obtain a copy of "EPA Develops an ELP Environmental Management System," available by contacting the author of this article.)

Defining Environmental Leadership

The program ultimately recognizes that a facility's operations can be as strong as the commitment and actions taken toward environmental protection and stewardship by the employees and senior leadership of the organization. EPA has seen environmental leadership in the pilot phase, as demonstrated through the enthusiasm and involvement of the staff, their commitment to maintain and go beyond compliance, the efforts to maintain a transparent and open process in their communication efforts with the community, and the vision to incorporate it as a priority within the culture of the organization.

But leadership is not something that happens overnight. It requires diligence, commitment and an investment in the continual improvement of a facility's performance.

EPA believes that by developing a partnership with the state and local agencies, the public, and environmental leaders, that there can be, over time, a measurable improvement in protecting the environment, human health and the quality of life.

Through its mentoring program, ELP members will help multiply the regulatory agencies' ability to provide environmental management and compliance assistance efforts in many different industry sectors. ELP also will allow the regulatory agencies to redirect and focus their attention toward facilities that pose a greater environmental risk.

Program Goals

EPA has set ambitious goals for the program — because it believes such standards can be achieved. Participating companies must demonstration over time that the environmental leadership and commitment exists. For now, EPA is translating that commitment by looking for an outstanding compliance record, a mature EMS along with an auditing program, a strong relationship with the community and pollution prevention activities.

Other Benefits

EPA believes recognizing facilities that are superior performers is important, and that these facilities should receive other benefits. For example, EPA is considering reduced inspections and a correction period without penalty for instances of noncompliance. Due to their exemplary environmental performance, it is anticipated ELP members would be good candidates for additional EPA benefits that are currently being considered but are not yet available, including expedited permits, streamlined permit modifications or reduced reporting requirements.

Environmental Leadership: A Promising Future

The concept of the Environmental Leadership Program has come a long way since its inception in late 1992. Defining an "environmental leader" has been an evolving process. The challenge in evaluating the possibilities and the growth in learning from each other has been invaluable to all of the participants who helped shape the program. EPA is proud to say that ELP is a shared vision among many people, and that the program will help shape the opportunities for tomorrow.

Tai-ming Chang is ELP Director at the U.S. EPA, 202-564-5081 (chang.tai-ming@epamail.epa.gov); Peter Bahor is an EPA staffer.


Environmental Leadership Program: 3 Northwest Pilots

The following Environmental Leadership Program pilot project summaries were compiled by Crispin Stutzman, PPRC research associate, from each organization's final project report.

Simpson Tacoma Kraft

Through a yearlong ELP pilot project, Simpson Tacoma Kraft, partnering with the U.S. EPA and the Washington Department of Ecology, developed, tested and demonstrated certain compliance tools and principles identified as key to "environmental leadership."

The goals of the project were to recognize facilities willing to develop and implement innovative environmental management systems (EMSs); promote community and employee involvement in facility environmental management decisions and programs; implement and document pollution prevention and beyond-compliance management programs; and explore the feasibility of conducting self audits. Simpson conducted the following four projects as part of its ELP effort.

Audit information sharing was pursued to develop a method for sharing internal audit results with the agencies and the public. Simpson's Community Advisory Group developed an audit-sharing matrix of environmental information and determined that providing an annual environmental summary would be an effective way to share this information.

Self auditing was designed to bring the environmental audit function into the daily facility operation. Based on auditing trainings and discussions, Simpson found that a follow-up tracking system would allow more thorough examination of the root causes of problems identified in audits. Simpson believes this approach should be a central concept in the ELP/EMS.

Beyond compliance activities were developed to create realistic incentives for companies to develop new practices or technologies to operate significantly below current standards or discharge limits. Simpson found this approach beneficial and suggested several innovative incentives. Some of these are being implemented in the ELP and others are still under consideration.

Adopt a supplier was designed to increase the environmental awareness and voluntary actions on the part of supplier companies. This project allowed the development of a mentor/mentoree relationship between Simpson and the selected supplier, Associated Petroleum (AP). This was viewed as a success by both Simpson and AP as an opportunity to solidify their business relationship and to increase each organization's environmental standing in the community. However, some concerns surfaced during the pilot project, including the potential for increased regulatory scrutiny of the supplier company.

This project ended in November 1996 and from Simpson's viewpoint it was a success. It allowed creative coop-eration between individual companies, the state, regional and federal regulating agencies, and the public. Looking to the future, Simpson sees a great opportunity for enhanced communication and issue resolution by efforts such as the ELP.

For more information, contact Matt Hinck at Simpson Tacoma at 206-572-2150.

Puget Sound Naval Shipyard

The Puget Sound Naval Shipyard participated in the ELP pilot project to develop an environmental management system (EMS). The shipyard's main goal was to model a process for partnering with environmental regulatory agencies to explore, test and validate innovative pollution prevention measures that provide true environmental benefits yet are prohibited by existing regulations. Specifically, the shipyard examined a steel recycling process that falls under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA).

One of the primary industrial activities at the shipyard is the recycling of the premium-grade steel used in naval submarines. Through its ship recycling program, the shipyard currently spends $10-12 million per year analyzing, removing and disposing of plastic-insulated cabling, foam rubber and painted ship structures that test above 50 parts per million for PCBs. Current regulations require that these materials be removed before recycling the steel. Often these steel pieces cannot be cleaned and must be sent to TSCA landfills, at additional cost.

Preliminary Navy assessments indicate that although PCBs were used in the production of items such as paint, foam and plastics, the polymerization process converts the PCBs to an unregulated final product. The shipyard's ELP project included the following:

Creating an agreement between EPA, the Washington Department of Ecology and the shipyard to establish the objectives, protocol and administrative controls necessary to pursue the testing and validation of the proposal.

Developing a research and development permit to examine the by-products of PCB-containing materials that are incinerated. The permit application process took longer than expected (delaying the start of testing), so research and development will be done separately and the findings reported once all testing and validation is complete.

Testing and validating the proposed research. The shipyard collected and tested more than 30 samples of foam rubber and paints originally formulated with PCBs from six different submarines spanning a 20-year production period. Preliminary results did not support the hypothesis that the PCBs are bound up in a polymer matrix, however, further testing is in progress.

Recognizing the scientific approach toward validating innovative pollution prevention measures and working cooperatively to amend regulations that unintentionally prohibit prudent pollution prevention measures. Due to the delay of testing, this step will be completed later.

The pilot provided the shipyard the opportunity for partnering with environmental regulatory agencies. While the process is ongoing, the shipyard has already improved its working relationship with the regulatory community, gained attention for its work in advancing the principles of environmental excellence, and further developed an EMS designed to explore, text and validate innovative pollution prevention measures. If the proposal proves successful, the shipyard will be able to recycle 2,500 tons of steel annually and eliminate up to 7 tons of methylene chloride from its annual air emissions.

For more information, contact Robert Cipra at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard at 360-476-6009.

WMX Technologies

In 1995 and 1996, WMX Technologies, Inc. conducted an ELP pilot project at two of its facilities in Oregon. The company worked with the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality and the U.S. EPA to examine its internal environmental management system (EMS), to identify the features of an effective EMS and to develop recommended criteria for a full-scale ELP.

The two participating facilities were a municipal solid waste landfill (the Columbia Ridge Landfill and Recycling Center) and a hazardous waste disposal facility (Chemical Waste Management of the Northwest).

The goals of the project were to assure environmental compliance at facilities subject to complex regulation and to provide a base from which companies may go beyond "the letter of the law" to reliable environmental protection. WMX already had an EMS in place so the project team evaluated the EMS with a focus on its envi
ronmental compliance system. The project team generated the following conclusions and recommendations.

Environmental management systems are necessary at the facility level to assure environmental protection and must be supported by top management. A comprehensive EMS includes more than an after-the-fact audit program: reflecting the concepts of Total Quality Management, EMSs need to help operations managers "get it right the first time."

Compliance systems should include elements to prevent noncompliance, assess compliance status regularly, correct issues that are identified, and train employees about environmental requirements and how to do their jobs to maintain compliance. Given that regulatory requirements for a specific facility may overlap or be difficult to interpret and apply, companies need systematic methods to organize, simplify, distill, and operationalize requirements to ensure compliance. WMX uses customized software to help with this process.

Measuring/tracking the implementation of an EMS is necessary to evaluate environmental programs and performance. These measures should be chosen carefully to support the EMS and will allow regulators to monitor ELP facilities by providing indicators of EMS effectiveness.

Agency roles/programs should evolve toward understanding, confirming the implementation of and evaluating the ongoing effectiveness of a facility's EMS. Agency enforcement measures and priorities will be evaluated as regula-tory programs are reinvented. Helping companies learn about and implement proven EMSs should be one of the "new" roles for regulatory agencies. Com-pany innovations that meet or exceed agency objectives should be encouraged.

WMX believes a full-scale ELP may encourage companies to voluntarily adopt comprehensive EMSs.

For more information, contact Charles Sutfin at 630-218-1843 (chasut@aol.com).


Environmental Excellence Legislation

by Rodney L. Brown, Marten & Brown LLP

The Association of Washington Business (AWB) wants to implement a program in Washington similar to Project XL, and other states have begun work on this idea as well. In essence, these programs would allow the state to negotiate a single "environmental excellence" agreement with an industrial facility to integrate all of the regulatory requirements applicable to the facility.

The hope is that industry will benefit from requirements that are better tailored to the specific needs of each industrial facility, and that the environment will benefit by getting each facility to agree to voluntary improvements that would not otherwise be required by existing laws. Pollution prevention — not mandated by many existing laws — could become a central benefit of these agreements.

A committee at AWB has drafted a bill to create an Environmental Excellence program under the Washington Department of Ecology. The bill will be submitted to the Legislature for action in early 1997. AWB has solicited input from environmentalists, labor unions and others who might have different views about "environmental excellence" programs. The key issues are:

1. Will the program allow Ecology to relax or eliminate existing discharge standards or authorize exceedances of ambient standards, in return for obtaining other environmental benefits that are not required by current regulations?

2. Is the program enforceable by the public? If the program involves the federal permits issued to facility, then it probably has to maintain monitoring and citizen suit enforcement. Otherwise, it would conflict with the state's delegated authority for the Clean Water Act, Clean Air Act and other laws.

3. Will the program apply only to individual facilities, or to entire classes of facilities (like "general permits" under other laws)?

4. What will be the process for applying "environmental excellence" standards to facilities? Will the legal authority be delegated to Ecology's regions? Which "stakeholders" will be required to be involved in the process? Will there be sufficient public process?

5. Can the "environmental excellence" agreements reached with individual facilities be appealed to the Pollution Control Hearings Board or to court?

6. Who pays for the additional process that will probably be involved in negotiating "environmental excellence" agreements?

Rodney L. Brown is a partner at Marten & Brown LLP and president of the PPRC Board of Directors, 206-292-6300.


Update on Project XL

To date, 45 companies nationwide have submitted Project XL proposals to the U.S. EPA — none, how-ever, are from the Northwest. So far, two projects have been approved and 15 are in the negotiating stage.

In June, EPA approved the first project by signing an agreement with citrus juice manufacturer Jack M. Berry Corporation for a single, multi-media permit for its LaBelle, Fla. facility, which will replace all federal, state and local permits. In return, Berry will bolster the plant's performance by reducing water consumption, increasing the use of nonhazardous pest controls, reserving acreage for habitat conservation and using process wastewaters for irrigation.

In November, the EPA signed a final project agreement with Intel Corporation for its new computer-chip manufacturing plant in Chandler, Ariz., granting the factory flexibility to operate under simplified permits in exchange for the company's pledge to do better than the law requires in controlling pollution.

Under the agreement, Intel will recycle most of the water, solid waste and nonhazardous chemicals used at the plant, will reduce its output of hazardous wastes and will adopt limits for air pollutants that are below existing requirements.

For more information, contact John Palmer at EPA Region 10 at 206-553-6521 or visit the Web site (http://www.epa.gov/ProjectXL).


More Environmental Excellence Efforts in the Northwest

ISO 14000 Leadership Project

This leadership project is intended to clarify environmental, economic, and regulatory benefits of ISO 14001 certification — the International Standards Organization's standard for a privately certified environmental management system (EMS). The project is being conducted by a partnership between the International Standards Initiative, U.S. EPA Region 10 and the Washington Department of Ecology.

Many Northwest companies are interested in ISO 14000, but require more specific information to understand the benefits of certification. This project aims to: 1. define the benefits of ISO 14001 implementation, 2. document the ability of an EMS to address environmental compliance obligations and to encourage pollution prevention, and 3. determine regulatory responses to ISO 14001 certification that encourage widespread adoption of the standard and support a flexible relationship between companies and regulatory agencies.

The project will be completed by March, and a report will be available.

For more information, contact K.C. Ayers at 206-392-7610.

Green Permits Program

The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) is currently developing a Green Permits program, which will recognize environmentally proactive organizations that voluntarily integrate into the operation of their facilities comprehensive EMSs.

These EMSs must assure compliance with mandated environmental requirements, implement supplementary activities not required by law (such as pollution prevention, resource conservation and habitat restoration), and establish mechanisms for public communication about the facility's environmental performance.

Green Permits will allow some regulatory flexibility with the goal of environmental compliance and overall environmental improvement.

The program is still under development but plans to offer the benefits of: improved compliance with environmental regulations; better environmental protection; more efficient and effective use of DEQ compliance and enforcement resources; improved industry-government- public relationships; information exchange among organizations about EMS best practices; and incentives and encouragement for facilities to implement EMSs and to adopt programs that exceed legal requirements.

For more information, contact Holly Schroeder at 503-229-5585.

Integrating P2 into ISO 14000 EMS

This project will provide training to representatives from four to seven companies in the Spokane, Wash.-area to help them become ISO 14000 certified and improve the companies' EMSs.

The project is funded through the Washington Department of Ecology and will be conducted by Associated Industries of the Inland Northwest (AI), a local business organization. Representatives from Ecology will also participate in the training.

Participants will learn about ISO 14000, develop a greater understanding of how to integrate pollution prevention into a company's routine processes and procedures, and evaluate opportunities for streamlined regulatory oversight of facilities with EMSs in place. The project is expected to last about 12 months, with a final report available in late 1997.

For more information, contact Doug Jayne at 509-456-6171.

Evaluation of Policy Implications of ISO 14000 & Other EMS Standards

Through this project, Battelle Seattle Research Center is assessing the implications of various EMS standards, especially ISO 14000, for Region 10 state environmental programs.

The overall objective of this effort is to examine how ISO 14000 and other EMS standards can help make regulatory activities more effective (reducing pollution) and efficient (reducing the costs of assistance, compliance, and enforcement).

This assessment includes a review of existing pilot projects and initiatives on a regional and national level, a review of the professional literature related to standards deployment (including an assessment of the "lessons learned" from implementation of ISO 9000) and an analysis of what this information implies for policy making and regulatory reform efforts. The project will be completed in late January, and a report will be available.

For more information, contact Scott Butner at 206-528-3290 (butner@battelle.org).


Is It Clean Enough? Final Technology Review in Series on Cleanliness Measurement Technologies

The final of four technology reviews related to cleaning in manufacturing will be available on the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center's Web site in late January.

The final review takes a look at the wide variety of techniques used by manufacturers to actually measure how clean a part is, and whether it meets manufacturing requirements. The review describes a selected group of measurement methods, and how and when they can be applied.

Measuring cleanliness not only helps ensure product quality, but is an essential part of implementing pollution prevention approaches related to cleaning. Manufacturers must determine how "clean" a part must be at a given step in the process to be able to see which cleaning systems can meet their cleaning requirements.

To do this, a cleanliness measurement method (or methods) must be selected. These measurement methods can then be used to evaluate the performance of any alternative cleaning process or if better parts handling or other innovations can allow the cleaning process to be eliminated entirely.

A wide range of cleanliness measurement methods were found to be used by manufacturers, as reported in the literature. They ranged from very simple and low-tech (visual inspection) to costly and technology intensive (X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy).

All of the cleaning in manufacturing technology reviews can found on the PPRC's Web site at: http://www.pprc.org/pprc/p2tech/p2tech.html

For more information, contact David Leviten at 206-352-2050 (dleviten@pprc.org).


PPRC Support

PPRC appreciates the financial contributions, in-kind support and settlement monies it receives. Recent contributions include:
Hewlett-Packard donated nearly $17,000 in computer equipment.
The PPRC received $10,000 as part of a larger settlement between Burlington Environmental, Inc. and the Washington Department of Ecology.


Pollution Prevention Digest

Report Features 17 Green and Profitable Businesses

The Washington Department of Community, Trade and Economic Development (CTED) recently published a report which highlights 17 Washington state businesses that successfully integrate sound economic and environmental goals.

The report, "Economic Prosperity and Environmental Progress: Success Stories in Washington State," describes how these diverse companies use lean manufacturing techniques, new technology development, waste product recycling, environmentally conscious building, toxics use reduction and pollution prevention in their everyday business.

The report is available on CTED's Web site (http://www.wa.gov/cted/success) or by contacting Barbara Lither at 206-464-6282.


Northwest Environment Watch

Northwest Environment Watch (NEW) is a nonprofit, Seattle-based spin-off of the Worldwatch Institute, and is the first "think tank" to focus on the biological region stretching from southeast Alaska to northwest California and from the Pacific Ocean to the crest of the Rockies.

NEW research focuses on issues of sustainability in the Northwest. The organization recently published "This Place on Earth," representing the results of three years' investigation into reconciling economy and environment. Other publications from NEW include: "The Car and the City: 24 Steps to Safe Streets and Healthy Communities," "Hazardous Handouts: Taxpayer Subsidies to Environmental Degradation," "State of the Northwest: Assessing the Health of Ecosystems" and more.

For more information, contact Donna Morton at 206-447-1880 or go to: http://www.speakeasy.org/new


Wet Cleaning Demonstration Project

Dry cleaning is an effective method for cleaning delicate clothing, but poses health and environmental risks from the use of perchloroethylene (perc) as a cleaning solvent. The University of California Pollution Prevention Education and Research Center (PPERC) is conducting a 12-month demonstration project of an alternative technology — wet cleaning — that replaces perc with the use of computer-controlled washers and dryers.

An interim progress report is available that provides an overview of the technology, comparison data to dry cleaning, evaluation methods and a description of the development of the demonstration wet cleaning shop in its first six months of operation. The project will finish this spring, at which time a full final report will be available.

For more information, or a copy of the interim report, contact Laura Bechtel at 310-206-4450.


Recycle Computer Parts for Charity

The Computer Bank Charity Program accepts donations of DOS-based and Apple Macintosh comp-uter equipment, as well as software, to build new computers for people with special needs. In 1995, the program distributed more than 300 restored computers free of charge to challenged individuals and nonprofit organizations.

The volunteer staff accepts donations, performs checkout and repair, and redistributes rebuilt computers. This program received a 1996 King County Solid Waste Utility "Less is More" grant to keep its shop open 16 hours per week, and to conduct presentations to businesses and trade and civic organizations.

For more information, contact Don Brasher at 206-631-0894 or 206-365-4657.


New Environmental Extension Service for South Seattle

The Environmental Coalition of South Seattle (ECOSS), a nonprofit group working with south Seattle businesses and citizens for a clean, environmentally responsible community, is beginning a new project: an environmental extension service intended to help coordinate information in the Duwamish area — an area with contaminated properties and environmental uncertainty, but prime for economic redevelopment.

The project will help large and small businesses work through regulatory difficulties, technical challenges, and financial hurdles to clean up their properties and stimulate economic development. To accomplish this, ECOSS will work with businesses to develop individual pollution prevention plans, and with owners of contaminated properties (also known as "brownfields") to clean up and return the properties to productive uses. The PPRC will provide pollution prevention expertise.

For more information, contact Charlie Cunniff at 206-767-0432 (chacunniff@aol.com).


Tri-Service Pollution Prevention Technical Library Online

The purpose of the Tri-Service Pollution Prevention Technical Library is to identify available "off-the-shelf" pollution prevention technologies, management practices, and process changes that will reduce the amount of hazardous waste and solid waste generated at Tri-Service industrial facilities. The information was prepared by the Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center specifically for Tri-Service industrial facilities, but the online library is also available to the public.

The library offers pollution prevention information on: electroplating and metal finishing; petroleum, oils, and lubricants; ozone depleting substances; painting; paint removal; hazardous material/hazardous waste minimization; solid waste; solvent substitution; wastewater management; storm water management; and pre-production technologies.

To view or search the library, visit the Web site (http://clean.rti.org/larry/).


WA Technology Center Grants

The Washington Technology Center (WTC) is accepting applications from university researchers in Washington, teamed with company partners, for Research and Techno-logy Development (RTD) grants. RTD grants are offered for several subject areas, of which manufacturing, advanced materials and microelectronics are of particular pollution prevention interest. Grants will range from $30,000 to $100,000, and a total of more than $1 million is available. University-industry teams are encouraged to submit a "notice of intent to propose" by January 31. Full proposals are due March 28.

For more information, visit WTC's Web site (http://www.wtc.washington.edu/) or request an application by calling 206-685-1920.


One Farm Plan(or What to do with a Dead Cow)

Idaho Division of Environmental Quality (DEQ) is working with the EPA and other agencies to create a Web site for farmers and others in the agricultural industry. The site, called One Farm Plan, is intended to provide comprehensive information on current rules and regulations governing Idaho agriculture. It also can help Idaho farmers develop a single, voluntary multi-program farm plan satisfying all agencies.

The site includes self-help "EasyGuides" to assist in determining whether and how certain programs or regulations apply to a farm or ranch operation. A guided planning process is included to help the farmer or rancher develop a plan unique to his/her operation.

And yes, it also includes information about what to do with a dead cow. Prevention, recycling and reduction are key concepts of the project.

For more information, visit the site (http://www.state.id.us/oneplan) or contact Warren McFall at 208-378-5759.


Clean Washington Center Online

The Clean Washington Center (CWC), an organization that helps develop markets for recycled materials, has a Web site. The site offers information about recycling markets and market development, including all of the center's targeted commodities: plastics, glass, compost, paper, scrap tires, construction debris and industrial by-products. The CWC newsletter, project reports and fact sheets, and other publications can be accessed on the site.

Address: http://www.cwc.org



Editor & Designer: Kristi Thorndike
Technical Editors: Madeline M. Grulich and David Leviten
Web Version Format by: Crispin Stutzman

Pollution Prevention Northwest is published bimonthly by the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center. To receive a free subscription (please specify electronic or hard copy), link to the newsletter order form or contact the PPRC, 1326 Fifth Ave.,
Suite 650, Seattle, Washington 98101
Phone: 206-352-2050; Fax: 206-352-2049
E-mail: office@pprc.org

About this Newsletter

Articles from this newsletter may be printed or distributed electronically only in their entirety with written permission from the PPRC. Please credit the author (if any), followed by "Pollution Prevention Northwest, Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center."

Advisory Board
Pat Barclay, Idaho Council on Industry and the Environment; Scott Butner, Battelle Seattle Research Center; Fred Claggett, Environment Canada; Jim Craven, American Electronics Association; Gil Omenn, University of Washington School of Public Health; and Kathy Vega, U.S. Department of Energy.

About the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center

The Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center (PPRC) is a nonprofit organization formed to identify opportunities and overcome obstacles to pollution prevention implementation in the Pacific Northwest. Headquartered in Seattle, Wash., the PPRC serves Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington and British Columbia.

Financial support for the PPRC is broad-based, with contributions from organizations such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of Defense, the Northwest states and British Columbia, The Boeing Company, Intel Corporation and the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable. The PPRC accepts environmental settlement moneys to further its work on pollution prevention.

Significant in-kind support has been provided by organizations such as: Hewlett-Packard Company, Battelle/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Battelle Seattle Research Center, Microsoft Corporation, Ross & Associates Environmental Consulting, Ltd. and Perkins Coie.

Staff: Madeline M. Sten, Executive Director; David Leviten, Technical Director; Kristi Thorndike, Communications Director; Chris Wiley, Small Business Liaison; Scott Allison, Business Manager; Crispin Stutzman, Research Associate; and Eric Creighton, Administrative Assistant.

Board of Directors: Rodney L. Brown, President, Marten & Brown, LLP, Seattle, Wash.; Joan Cloonan, Vice President, J.R. Simplot Company, Boise, Idaho; Esther C. Wunnicke, Vice President, Alaska Common Ground, Anchorage, Alaska; William June, Secretary, On Point Communications Strategists, Portland, Ore.; Fielding Formway, Treasurer, ARCO (ret.), Bellingham, Wash.; Richard Bach, Stoel Rives, LLP, Portland, Ore.; Gordon R. Bopp, Environmental Technologies and Educational Services Co., Richland, Wash.; Jean R. Cameron, States/British Columbia Oil Spill Task Force, Portland, Ore.; R. Scott Forrest, Forrest Paint Company, Eugene, Ore.; Johanna M. Munson, EMCON Alaska, Inc., Anchorage, Alaska; Gilbert Omenn, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Univ. of Wash., Seattle, Wash.; T. Murray Rankin, Arvay Finlay, Victoria, British Columbia; Dana Rasmussen, US WEST Communications, Seattle, Wash.; Kirk Thomson, The Boeing Company, Seattle, Wash.; and Forrest Whitt, Hewlett-Packard, Boise, Idaho.


© 1999, Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
phone: 206-352-2050, web: www.pprc.org