Environmentally Preferable Purchasing

Published: July 2000
Updated: November 2000
Links Last Checked: September 2005

The Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center (PPRC) has compiled information that will assist purchasers in their efforts to establish or maintain an environmental purchasing program. Included is information that can assist in identifying "green" products, setting up an environmental purchasing program, general and specific resources that are available to purchasers, guides for locating green products, and examples of procurement programs that can be used as a guide for purchasers building or improving their own programs. A number of these resources also provide concrete examples identifying the overall cost savings in using environmentally preferable products - achieved due to longer life of the product, reduced operating costs and/or reduced maintenance costs.

What is Environmental Purchasing?

Although different organizations (government, non-profit, or industry) may define environmental purchasing in somewhat different ways, it generally refers to buying products and services with reduced effects on human health and the environment. Also called "Affirmative Procurement," "Environmentally Preferable Purchasing," and "Green Purchasing," this approach means integrating environmental factors into procurement policies, usually using the following tools and/or methods:

What Are The Benefits of Environmental Purchasing for Companies?

Just as pollution prevention actions often lead to dollar savings, many companies have reduced costs through environmental purchasing. Companies highlighted in the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) report, "Private Sector Pioneers: How Companies Are Incorporating Environmentally Preferable Purchasing," (June 1999, EPA742-R-99-001) have achieved savings that include:

As noted in the EPA report, many companies adopted environmental purchasing policies for traditional business reasons:

Although these reasons result in intangible benefits, there are specific examples of measurable reduced costs associated with environmentally preferable products. These include a lower purchase price (e.g. remanufactured products), reduced operational costs (e.g. energy efficiency), reduced disposal costs (e.g. more durable products) and reduced hazardous management costs (e.g. less toxic products). In addition, purchasing environmentally preferable products may reduce an organization's potential future liability, improve the work environment and minimize risks to workers.

Why Should Government Agencies Implement Environmental Purchasing?

Government agencies, in addition to all the benefits noted above for business, have an additional reason to implement environmental purchasing programs. Quite simply, government agencies are among the largest buyers of goods and services in the country. And, government purchasing can help build markets for energy efficient equipment, recycled materials, sustainably harvested wood and non-toxic cleaners. The federal government is the single largest consumer in the United States, spending over $500 billion per year on products and services, while state and local agencies spend over $900 billion per year on these purchases (Slater, Courtnay and Cornelia Strawser ed. 1999. Business Statistics of the United States, 1998 Edition. Washington DC: Bernan Press).

Further highlighting the potential impact that environmental purchasing can have on efficiency and environmental protection, the Federal Energy Management Program estimates that $10 billion to $20 billion per year of federal purchases are for energy related products. A similar estimate does not exist for state and local governments, although data are available on purchases of durable and non-durable goods and investments in structures and equipment, which total $262 billion per year (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1998. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1998. Springfield, Virginia: National Technical Information Service).] General fund expenditures for Northwest states governments total as follows [From The Fiscal Survey of States: 1999, National Association of State Budget Officers]:

What is Included in Environmental Purchasing?

It is important to keep in mind that purchasing includes not just products but also services. In fact, many contracts for services also involve products and vice versa, which creates incentives to use durable, reusable products efficiently. For example, Xerox doesn't sell copiers, they sell copying services - they maintain and take back their equipment. Other examples include enlisting in an energy management or chemical management system, both of which allow for a more efficient use of resources, since the vendor is responsible for product use, and no longer makes their money solely on the amount of product sold. In recent years, servicing has extended to specific products including vehicle leasing, HVAC maintenance outsourcing, and landscape maintenance services. One specific example of a service as a product is carpet leasing for an office, rather than purchasing the carpet outright, or requiring carpet vendors to provide recycling services for old carpeting. In both cases, the vendor takes back the carpet and recycles or reuses it. Perhaps the most important part of this service is that the purchaser does not have to find ways to recycle or reuse the carpet on their own - it is taken care by the vendor.

Numerous governmental agencies in the Pacific Northwest have been leaders for environmental purchasing programs. One recent example is King County's Metro Transit switch to using re-refined motor oil in the entire bus fleet. The bus fleet, one of the largest in the country, is also one of the first major municipal bus fleets in the country to use re-refined motor oil. The switch was made after evaluations showed re-refined oil is equal in both price and performance to virgin oil.

Another recent example is the Environmentally Responsible Cleaning Products contract developed collaboratively by the state Department of Ecology and the Office of State Procurement. The contract is available to all members of the Washington and Oregon state purchasing cooperatives.

The resources below cover the range from individual product or service types to overall policies, so purchasers can put together the best combination for their organization.


Resources for Environmental Procurement/Environmentally Preferable Purchasing

The information that follows is useful for purchasers who are looking to start an environmental purchasing program, or improve the program that is in place. The specific areas covered:

  • automotive
  • building
  • cleaning
  • energy
  • floor coverings
  • furniture
  • mercury-containing products
  • office supplies
  • paper & paper products
  • plastics
  • shipping & receiving
  • multiple products
  • Please note: some of the resources below are listed in multiple tables — for example, if a resource provides both general purchasing information as well as energy-specific information, it will be found in both tables. This is done to allow the reader to find all the information that relates to the area chosen.

    General Information

    The following resources provide a general overview of environmentally preferable purchasing, assisting those who are starting their own environmental purchasing program. Much of this information is provided by government, non-profit organizations or trade associations, as noted below. Information that contains specific information about products and services is provided in the section pertaining to that area - found below the general resources.

    Federal Resources - general information from different federal agencies. Included are pages on how to set up an environmental purchasing program, different federal programs, and sites that provide resources about products.

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information

    EPA's Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) site contains good information, including a description of what EPP is, "How to 'Do' EPP" and a list of other resources that can assist with EPP. The Pilot Projects section of the website lists numerous case studies. The EPP Program Updates contains all past issues of the EPA's EPP newsletter issues.

    Also, as of Earth Day 2003, the EPA announced that it will "green" EPA's purchases through for a variety of products and services per Executive Order 13101. The products and services include EPA's purchase/construction of buildings, janitorial and maintenance services, landscaping products, publications, office supplies, meetings, electronics, fleets, and power.

    EPA's EPP Homepage
    www.epa.gov/opptintr/epp/

    Pilot Projects:
    www.epa.gov/opptintr/epp/pilot/pilotpage.htm

    Program Updates:
    www.epa.gov/opptintr/
    epp/documents/docupdates.htm

    New EPP Goals per E.O. 13101:
    www.epa.gov/greeningepa/
    practices/eppgoals.htm

    Contact: epp.pilot@epa.gov

    Office of the Environmental Executive site. Includes quite a bit of information about environmental purchasing at the federal level. A particularly good resource is Greening the Government: A Guide to Implementing Executive Order 12873, available to download as an Adobe Acrobat file, specifically, Part 4 of this report ("Acquisition Planning and Affirmative Procurement Programs").

    www.ofee.gov/

    Download document at:
    www.ofee.gov/gp/gp.htm

    Office of the Environmental Executive
    Mail Code 1600S
    1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
    Washington, DC 20460
    Tel: 202-564-1297

    Website that has EPA's "Final Guidance on Environmentally Preferable Purchasing," providing guidance on Executive Order 13101, which replaced Executive Order 12873.

    www.epa.gov/oppt/epp/
    guidance/finalguidancetoc.htm

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Sector Notebook, Profile of Local Government Operations, EPA/310-R-99-001, 1999. Section 3.2 in Chapter 3 specifically addresses environmental purchasing for local governments.
    PPRC Library Resource

    www.epa.gov/compliance/
    resources/publications/assistance/
    sectors/notebooks/government.html


    Seth Heminway (2223A)
    US EPA
    401 M St. S.W.
    Washington, DC 20460
    Tel: 202-564-7017
    Fax: 202-564-0050
    heminway.seth@epa.gov

     

    State Government Resources - general information from state purchasing programs that are up and running, all of which can help a state government or medium- to large-sized companies set up environmental purchasing programs.

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    Home page of the Environmentally Preferable Products (EPP) Procurement Program of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
         This web site is provided to address the environmentally preferred products information needs:
    1. Executive Agencies of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
    2. Commonwealth of Massachusetts Political Subdivisions, including schools, municipalities, county government authorities, and constitutional offices
    3. Consumers, businesses, and manufacturers seeking to enhance their general understanding of the availability and characteristics of EPPs
    4. EPP Program Managers, such as those who have established and/or are running other states' EPP programs, Federal EPP programs, or are leading community initiatives
    5. Vendors, seeking to sell environmentally preferred products and services to the Commonwealth.
    There is a lot of information at this site, but most of it is specific to MA. Perhaps one of the most valuable uses of this resource for NW purchasers is to use it as a model for how to set up/provide information about state programs and EPP, in particular, the pages addressing Product & Service Information. The fact sheets (found on the Reports and Handbooks page) and cost comparisons could be helpful to anyone interested in the product category listed.
    www.magnet.state.ma.us/
    osd/enviro/enviro.htm

    (also found at www.state.ma.us/osd/
    enviro/enviro.htm
    )

    Produce & Service Information:
    www.magnet.state.ma.us/
    osd/enviro/products.htm


    Eric Friedman, Environmental Purchasing Coordinator
    Operational Services Division
    1 Ashburton Place, 10th Floor
    Boston, MA 02108-1552
    Tel: 617-720-3351
    Fax: 617-727-4527
    eric.friedman@state.ma.us
    additional MA contacts can be found on the contacts page (www.magnet.state.ma.us/
    osd/enviro/contacts.htm
    )

    Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance - Environmental Preferable Purchasing. To reduce the quantity and toxicity of waste in Minnesota, state law requires state agencies and other public entities to purchase recycled, repairable, and durable goods.

    Purchasers can use the tools and resources on this site to incorporate environmental considerations into standard purchasing practices.

    www.moea.state.mn.us/
    lc/purchasing/index.cfm

    Minnesota Department of Administration - Environmentally Responsible Purchasing. The Materials Management Division is committed to helping state agencies purchase environmentally preferable products. This web site details legislative requirements, vendors and services, and case studies that provide examples of environmentally preferable products: their cost, performance, and availability.

    www.mmd.admin.state.
    mn.us/envir.htm

    California Integrated Waste Management Board website. This website has loads of information on many topics, but one of the most pertinent part of the website for purchasers is the Buy Recycled program, and the recycled content products database.

    www.ciwmb.ca.gov/

    Buy Recycled: www.ciwmb.ca.gov/BuyRecycled/

    Recycled Content Products Database: www.ciwmb.ca.gov/rcp/

    CIWMB Sacramento
    8800 Cal Center Drive
    Sacramento, CA 95826-3268
    Tel: 916-255-2200

    CIWMB Fullerton
    1501 E. Orangethorpe Avenue, Suite 150
    Fullerton, CA 92831
    Diversion Planning and Local Assistance: 714-449-7072
    Permitting and Enforcement: 714-449-4780

    New Jersey Purchase Bureau, Recycled Products Guide. Another website that could provide some helpful information to purchasers. Provides information about New Jersey's procurement policies.

    www.state.nj.us/
    dep/dshw/recyclenj/

     

    Local Government Resources - general information that can assist other local government purchasers as well as small businesses.

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information

    Website for the Chelsea Center for Recycling and Economic Development. The Chelsea Center "was launched by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 1995 to create jobs, support recycling efforts, and help the economy and the environment by working to increase the use of recyclables by manufacturers."
    This website provides a good example of a local/statewide resource that uses the Internet to provide information to its clientele. Although much of the information is Massachusetts-based, and focused on recycling issues, the site can be used as a guide for establishing similar programs in the Northwest.

    www.chelseacenter.org/

    Chelsea Center for Recycling and Economic Development
    180 Second Street
    Chelsea, MA 02150
    Tel: 617-887-2300
    Fax: 617- 887-0399
    info@chelseacenter.org

    King County Environmental Purchasing website. Contains information about Program, Policy and Resources; Construction and Landscaping Materials; Office and Automotive Products; Product Experience; and Environmental/Recycling Links. As part of the Program, Policy and Resources page, there is a link to Environmental Purchasing Bulletins, periodic emails that cover a range of information about environmental purchasing.

    A wealth of information about environmental purchasing is available here.

    www.metrokc.gov/procure/green/

    Environmental Purchasing Bulletins: www.metrokc.gov/procure/
    green/bulindex.htm

    King County Department of Natural Resources, Solid Waste Division Waste Prevention Business Programs, Environmentally Preferable Purchasing page. Includes information on product stewardship, and links to other programs around the country (many of which are listed elsewhere in this resource listing).

    www.metrokc.gov/procure/green

    City of Seattle Environmentally Responsible Purchasing Policy, Section 6.14, part of the City's Environmental Management Program. The Policy adopts principles and establishes responsibilities for City Departments, with lead roles in Seattle Public Utilities and Contracting Services. Other related policies on Chemical Use, Sustainable Building, and Waste Reduction and Recycling can be found at the website noted to the right.

    www.cityofseattle.net/environment/
    documents/CodesandResolutions.doc

    Other policies:
    www.cityofseattle.net/environment/

    The City of Santa Monica has a Sustainable City Plan that addresses sustainability issues for numerous topic areas. The web site covers all elements of the Plan, of which purchasing is a guiding principle.

    Sustainable City Program: (santa-monica.org/epd/scp/)

    Information from the Local Government Environmental Assistance Network, "Purchasing Practices That Encourage Regulatory Compliance and Pollution Prevention." This article provides a good overview of environmental purchasing, including a list of products that are often replaced with environmentally preferable alternatives.

    lgean.org:80/html/p2-6.cfm

    David George
    Tel: 202-962-3531
    dgeorge@icma.org

    National Association of Counties (NACo) Environmental Purchasing page. Available from the website: Local Government Environmental Purchasing Starter Kit, A Guide to Greening Government through Powerful Purchasing Decisions. The Starter Kit includes program implementation strategies; case studies; model resolution; and a resource list. For members, the first two kits are free. Subsequent kits are $5.00 each plus shipping. For non-members, kits are $10 each. For orders of 10 copies or more, kits are discounted to $8 each.


    The National Association of Counties
    Ordering and Other Information
    on Starter Kits

    440 First Street, N.W., Suite #800
    Washington, D.C. 20001
    Tel: 202-393-6226
    Fax: 202-393-2630

     

    International Resources

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information

    DFAIT Sustainable Development greening operations site. Canadian site. This is a specific link to green buying, providing an overview of green purchasing with links to other areas/checklists.

    www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/
    sustain/EnvironMan/
    system/greenop/buygrn-e.asp

    Green Procurement Reporting Framework, from Canada. The report has three components: implementation techniques; green product and service evaluation; and specific indicators of green procurement within departmental operations. This report provides a good overview on how to do green procurement. It is geared towards government agencies.

    www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/
    pubs_pol/partners/sds-sdd1_e.html
    European Green Purchasing Network workbook. The Network "is designed to facilitate a joint purchasing initiative of the various stakeholders, involving public and private sectors, governmental and non-governmental organisations." The workbook found at this website provides an overview of environmental purchasing, and how it pertains to Europe.
    A useful resource for purchasers, it provides information about environmental policy, who is involved in environmental purchasing, and public procurement in Europe.
    www.epe.be/programmes/
    egpn/#Workbooks

     

    Non-profit Organizations, Trade Associations and Others

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    PPRC Fall 1999 Newsletter on Green Buying. Information on many different aspects of green purchasing - what it is, how to set up environmental purchasing in an organization. Also included is an article that helps a purchaser determine what are "green products."

    www.pprc.org/pubs/
    newsletter/news1199.html

    Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
    513 First Avenue West
    Seattle, WA 98119
    Tel: 206-352-2050
    Fax: 206-352-2049
    office@pprc.org
    www.pprc.org

    Waste at Work: Prevention Strategies for the Bottom Line, from Inform, Inc. A handbook for businesses and government agencies, with Part II dealing solely with "Purchasing for Waste Prevention." Adobe Acrobat file.

    www.informinc.org/wasteatwork.php

    INFORM, Inc.
    120 Wall Street
    New York, NY 10005
    Tel: 212-361-2400
    Fax: 212-361-2412

    Website from NYC WasteLe$$, "one of the most comprehensive citywide waste prevention and environmental public awareness programs undertaken to date in the United States." This page provides general tips for any business or organization interested in environmental procurement.
    The list is a good, easy way to start looking at procurement.

    www.nyc.gov/html/
    nycwasteless/html/
    at_agencies/green_purchasing.shtml

    nycwasteless@mtg.saic.com

    Website for the National Association of State Procurement Officials (NASPO). A trade association for state purchasers, includes: the NASPO Database of Recycled Commodities, Education, News Briefs, Procurement Reform, Publications, and a Vendor Guide. Much of the infomation on the site is a listing of available resources for members or purchase. The Procurement Reform page provides immediate information that, while not specific to environmental purchasing, can help purchasers lay out ideas and methods of purchasing with the environment in mind.

    www.naspo.org/

    Procurement Reform page: www.naspo.org/whitepapers/
    buyingsmart.cfm

    National Association of State Procurement Officials
    167 West Main Street, Suite 600
    Lexington, Kentucky 40507
    msisler@amrinc.net

    Website for the National Association of Purchasing Management, Inc. (NAPM), whose mission is to "...educate, develop, and advance the purchasing and supply management profession." Included on the website is an article index (1965-1999) for The Journal of Supply Chain Management - A Global Review of Purchasing and Supply, which identifies articles by topic area, allowing a purchaser to determine what articles they may want to order or look up.. Also available on the site is Purchasing Today, a monthly publication that has some of the articles in each issue available on-line, and additional purchasing resources in the News and Resources part of the website.

    www.napm.org/

    NAPM
    P.O. Box 22160
    Tempe, AZ 85285-2160
    Tel: 800-888-6276; 480-752-6276
    Fax: 480-752-7890

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory site (PNL), "Green Guide for Trimming Your Waste." Perhaps the pages most useful to non-PNL employees are "User's Information," "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Purchase Recycled Products," and "How to Trim Your Office Waste".
    Some of the information is geared specifically to Laboratory employees, but generally the information is useful for all. Also, it provides a good overview of what a national laboratory has put in place - which could be used as a template for others.
    www.pnl.gov/esp/
    greenguide/index.html
    Executive Summary of "Environmental Supply Chain Management," by Joseph R. Carter, D.B.A., C.P.M., Arizona State University, and Ram Narasimhan, Ph.D., Michigan State University. Center for Advanced Purchasing Studies, 1998. A significant amount of information that purchasers should find helpful is found in this paper. The full case study is a publication with the ISBN: 0-945968-33-7, and is a PPRC Library Resource. www.capsresearch.org/
    Publications/pdfs-public/
    carter1998.htm
    Kinsella, Susan, "Source Reduction: Using Your Buying Power," August 1996. A good summary article, with quite a few concrete examples from various agencies/companies (e.g., City of Tucson, Pennsylvania' s Allegheny Power Systems, FedEx), that will provide substantial background and ideas to purchasers. Available as an Adobe Acrobat file. Please note: pages 5 and 6 of the on-line file is difficult to read. If you would like to see the full report [Resourceful Purchasing: A Hands-On Buyers Manual] that this article was based on, please see Chapter 13 - Source Reduction Opportunities, a longer discussion of source reduction.
    PPRC Library Resource

    www.p2pays.org/ref/06/05938.pdf

    Website from the International Institute for Sustainable Development, "Sustainable Development on Campus - Tools for Campus Decision Makers."
    Although geared towards campus', a number of the resources and policy statements provided by various universities can provide insight and assistance to other entities interested in implementing an environmental purchasing program.
    iisd1.iisd.ca/educate/
    June 16-17, 1999 Northwest Regional Roundtable Report. This link provides a report on the procurement item of the agenda, with information/discussion led by the City of Seattle and King County, WA.

    www.pprc.org/networking/
    rrt/jun99min.html#tools_1

    Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
    513 First Avenue West
    Seattle, WA 98119
    Tel: 206-352-2050
    Fax: 206-352-2049
    office@pprc.org
    www.pprc.org

    List Serves for Purchasers

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information

    Website for the Northeast Recycling Council (NERC) Environmentally Preferable Products Procurement Listserv (EPPNET). As noted, it was "established to link federal, state, local and private procurement and environmental officials charged with purchasing environmentally preferable products and developing policies for the procurement of these products." This is a subscription only listserve, and no vendors are allowed on the listserve.

    Also on the NERC site is a newsletter that provides a resource listing for purchasers. The list of links (Web Address Directory) can be very useful to the purchaser.

    www.nerc.org/eppnet.html

    Newsletter: www.nerc.org/gpn/gpn990604.html

    Tel: 802-254-3636 info@NERC.org

    Information about Big Green, a discussion forum for green design and construction. oikos.com/resources/biggreen.html

    Case Studies

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Environmental Preferable Purchasing Program - A Study Of State And Local Government Procurement Practices That Consider Environmental Performance Of Goods And Services," EPA742-R096-007, September 1996. Prepared by Abt Associates Inc., Cambridge MA. A case study document that looked at a number of state and local government programs that consider the environmental performance of goods and services in their procurement practices. Available as an Adobe Acrobat file.
    PPRC Library Resource
    www.p2pays.org/ref/01/00912.pdf
    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Sector Notebook, Profile of Local Government Operations, EPA/310-R-99-001, 1999. This document contains overviews of Pollution Prevention and Compliance Assistance as well as Purchasing Practices That Encourage Regulatory Compliance and Pollution Prevention that will assist purchasers.

    www.epa.gov/compliance/
    resources/publications/
    assistance/sectors/
    notebooks/government.html

    Seth Heminway (2223A)
    US EPA
    401 M St. S.W.
    Washington, DC 20460
    Tel: 202-564-7017
    Fax: 202-564-0050
    heminway.seth@epa.gov

    Printed copies can be ordered for a fee of between $6 and $25, depending on length, from the Government Printing Office (GPO) by calling (202) 512-1800 or by linking directly to the GPO Sales Product Catalog: bookstore.gpo.gov/

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency case study discussing the City of Santa Monica's environmental purchasing program, The City of Santa Monica's Environmental Purchasing: A Case Study, USEPA, EPA742-R-98-001, March 1998. It is available as an Adobe Acrobat file.
    PPRC Library Resource
    www.epa.gov/oppt/
    epp/pubs/santa.pdf

    or
    www.p2pays.org/ref/04/03651.pdf.
    EPA's Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) case studies. www.epa.gov/oppt/epp/
    documents/doccase.htm
    .

    Certification Sites

    Reputable certification programs allow a purchaser to save some time wading through products that can make some hard-to-believe claims. The sites below have done the verification work for you.

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    Website for Green Seal. Green Seal sets environmental standards and awards a 'Green Seal of Approval' to products that cause less harm to the environment than other similar products. Comprehensive standards are provided for the products that qualify for a Green Seal.

    www.greenseal.org

    Green Seal
    1001 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 827
    Washington, DC 20036-5525
    Tel: 202-872-6400
    Fax: 202-872-4324

    Canadian Environmental Choice Program site. "Certification of products and services is based on compliance with stringent environmental criteria that are established in consultation with industry, environmental groups, and independent experts and are based on research into the life-cycle impacts of a product or service." Topics/areas covered:

  • Appliances
  • Automotive Products & Lubricants
  • Building, Grounds & Construction
  • Cleaning Products
  • Marine Products
  • Non-Commercial & Consumer Products
  • Office Products
  • Paints and Surface Coatings
  • Paper Products & Printing Services
  • Plastic Products & Plastic Film
  • Systems & Technologies
  • Although the specific contact names given are Canadian, the product listing allows a purchaser to know what to look for in the Northwest.

    www.environmentalchoice.com/

    Environmental Choice Program
    c/o TerraChoice Environmental Services Inc.
    2781 Lancaster Road, Suite 400
    Ottawa, ON K1B 1A7
    Canada
    Tel: 1-800-478-0399 or 613-247-1900
    Fax: 613-247-2228
    ecoinfo@terrachoice.ca

    SmartWood, a forest management certification program. SmartWood certifies forest products that come from "sustainable" or "well-managed" forests ("sources"). SmartWood also certifies companies that process, manufacture or sell products made from certified wood, through "chain of custody" certification.

    www.smartwood.org

    SmartWood
    Goodwin-Baker Building
    61 Millet St.
    Richmond, VT 05477 USA
    Tel: 802-434-5491
    Fax: 802-434-3116
    info@smartwood.org

    Website for the Certified Forest Products Council, an "independent, 501(c)(3), not-for-profit, voluntary business initiative established in 1997. It is committed to promoting responsible forest products buying practices throughout North America in an effort to improve forest management practices worldwide."

    www.certifiedwood.org

    Certified Forest Products Council
    14780 SW Osprey Drive, Suite 285
    Beaverton, OR 97007
    Tel: 503-590-6600
    Fax: 503-590-6655
    info@certifiedwood.org

    Green E Renewable Electricity Program, run by the non-profit organization Center for Resource Solutions. Certification program developed by environmentalists, consumer advocates and industry participants that helps the general public understand how they can purchase verified, renewable, "green" power from credible companies.

    green-e.org

    Tel: 888-63-GREEN
    vmercer@resource-solutions.org

    Scientific Certification Systems (SCS). "The company's environmental section certifies environmental claims made by manufacturers, regarding qualities such as biodegradability, recycled content, water efficiency and no-smog-producing-ingredients. The staff also conducts life cycle assessments of companies' use of natural resources and develops environmental workplace analyses." Currently the environmental section covers electricity and the certification of environmental claims.

    www.scs1.com/

    Scientific Certification Systems
    1939 Harrison St. Suite 400
    Oakland, CA 94612
    Tel: 510-832-1415
    Fax: 510-832-0359
    gmcpartland@scs1.com

    Chlorine Free Products Association, a not-for-profit State of Illinois corporation. The primary purpose of the Association is to promote Total Chlorine Free policies, programs, and technologies throughout the world. It has a certification program to certify that papers are either totally chlorine free (TCF) or process chlorine free (PCF). The website includes a list of certified products and endorsed products.

    www.chlorinefreeproducts.org

    Chlorine Free Products Association
    19 North Main Street
    Algonquin, IL 60102
    Tel: 847-658-6104
    Fax: 847-658-3152
    info@chlorinefreeproducts.org

    Green Product Databases

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    The Oikos Green Building Source is a green building information source. Oikos maintains a system to easily search for manufacturers of green building products. www.oikos.com
    The GSA Federal Supply Service offers a wide range of environmentally oriented products and services. The GSA serves federal agencies, but you can find out what products are considered "green" or environmentally preferable. www.gsa.gov/Portal/
    gsa/ep/channelView.do?
    pageTypeId=8207&channelPage=/ep/channel/
    gsaOverview.jsp&channelId=-12972
    California Integrated Waste Management Board's Recycled-Content Product Database. This database allows you to set parameters for the type of products you seek. Search results provide contact information for manufacturers and/or distributors. www.ciwmb.ca.gov/RCP/
    The Green Building Professionals database will help you locate a green building professional in your area. www2.greenbuilder.com/greenbuilder/
    gbnalive.qry?function=form
    This Energy Star products database will help you find the most energy efficient electrical equipment. www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?
    c=bulk_purchasing.bus_purchasing
    The Green Pages is the online version of Co-op America's popular National Green Pages directory of thousands of socially and environmentally responsible businesses, products and services. You'll find special offers and discounts on products you need every day. And there are information and tips on "green shopping" and how to support companies which do well by doing good.. www.greenpages.org

    Specific Product and Services Resources

    Don't know where to start to find a product or a vendor? The following sites include information about products and services. Some of the sites are portals and selection guides put together by various organizations to assist purchasers in finding what they need. Specific areas (such as energy) are listed below.

    Please note: being listed in the following resources does not constitute an endorsement of any commercial products by PPRC. The listing is provided as a service for those who want to narrow down their searching.

    Areas covered:

  • automotive
  • building
  • cleaning
  • energy
  • floor coverings
  • furniture
  • office supplies
  • paper & paper products
  • plastics
  • shipping & receiving
  • multiple products
  • Automotive

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    Re-refined Oil website, sponsored by the California Integrated Waste Management Board. A comprehensive site providing loads of information about re-refined oil and the safe use of it in motor vehicles.

    www.ciwmb.ca.gov/UsedOil/CrtCntrs.asp

    paul@ross-campbell.com

    Website for the Tire Retread Information Bureau (TRIB). The site provides information about tire retreading and a searchable database that identifies tire retreaders in specific states.
    This site is likely to be most useful for fleet managers, and those who have to purchase tires for larger vehicles.

    www.retread.org/

    The Tire Retread Information Bureau
    900 Weldon Grove
    Pacific Grove, CA 93950
    Tel: 888-473-8732 or 831-372-1917
    Fax: 831-372-9210
    info@retread.org

    PPRC Topical Report: "Alternative Fuels for Fleet Vehicles," May 1999. The report includes brief case studies of Northwest companies and agencies that use alternative fuel vehicles, guides to the various fuels, and a comprehensive directory of contacts and web sites with additional information. Fuels covered in the report include compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, propane, methanol, ethanol, electricity (batteries), fuel cells, hydrogen, and biodiesel.

    www.pprc.org/pubs/altfuels.cfm

    Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
    513 First Avenue West
    Seattle, WA 98119
    Tel: 206-352-2050
    Fax: 206-352-2049
    office@pprc.org
    www.pprc.org

    Building

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    New Jersey Bureau of Recycling and Planning links page. Identifies recycled content building products and furnishings.

    www.state.nj.us/dep/
    dshw/recyclenj/material.htm

    DSHWEB@dep.state.nj.us

    OIKOS maintains a listing of products in numerous categories, geared mainly for building products. oikos.com/green_products
    King County's Environmental Purchasing Program lists many categories of environment friendly construction materials. Each material category offers an introduction to the materials, usage history and experience, bid and contract specifications and where to find more Information, including vendors. www.metrokc.gov/procure/
    green/const.htm
    Pierce County's Recycling Construction, Demolition & Landclearing Debris (CDL) site. This site features information for both the residential and commercial sectors. Residential information includes recycling home remodeling debris and landclearing debris (grass clippings, branches, shrub trimmings). Commercial information discusses establishing a CDL recycling program at a job site and CDL recycling locations. A free Reusable Building Materials Exchange is also highlighted. www.co.pierce.wa.us/services/
    home/environ/waste/recycle/cdl.htm
    Environmental Building News. General newsletter for environmentally responsible building. Contains articles, resources, links, and product information.

    www.buildinggreen.com/

    Environmental Building News
    122 Birge Street Suite 30
    Brattleboro, VT 05301
    Tel: 802-257-7300
    Fax: 802-257-7304

    US Green Building Council, a nonprofit, consensus coalition promoting the understanding, development, and accelerated implementation of "Green Building" policies, programs, technologies, standards and design practices. Information available includes the LEED™ version 2.0 Rating System, "a self-assessing system designed for rating new and existing commercial, institutional, and high-rise residential buildings."

    www.usgbc.org

    US Green Building Council
    110 Sutter Street, Suite 410
    San Francisco, CA 94104
    Tel: 415-445-9500
    Fax: 415-445-9911
    info@usgbc.org

    New Jersey Bureau of Recycling and Planning links page. Identifies recycled content building products and furnishings. www.state.nj.us/dep/
    dshw/recyclenj/material.htm

    Cleaning

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    EPA Cleaning Products Pilot Project (CPPP) website. This site provides information related to biodegradable cleaners and degreasers offered in the General Services Administration Commercial Cleaning Supplies Catalog. Also available are "Purchasing Decision Wizards," which assists purchasers in choosing an environmentally preferable cleaning product. www.epa.gov/opptintr/epp/cleaners/select/
    Website for the Janitorial Products Pollution Prevention Project, a compilation of two different projects that took place in the San Francisco Bay area in 1998-1999. One of the best parts of the site is the tools section, which has information on Cleaning Product Ingredient Data, High Risk Products, and Product Risk Evaluation.

    www.westp2net.org/Janitorial/jp4.htm

    John Katz
    Pollution Prevention Coordinator
    US EPA Region 9
    75 Hawthorne Street, WST-1-1
    San Francisco, CA 94105
    Tel: 415-744-2150
    katz.john@epa.gov
    note: the city contacts are listed on the contacts page (www.westp2net.org/Janitorial/contacts.htm)

    City of Seattle Environmentally Responsible Janitorial Services Contract and Janitorial Commodities Team. The City has incorporated chemical criteria into its janitorial services contracting. The interdepartmental team is part of a larger program examining City purchasing. Environmentally Responsible Purchasing guidelines or criteria are being incorporated in procurement of computer equipment, office equipment and supplies, furniture, and building materials. Shirli Axelrod
    Senior Environment Analyst:
    Seattle Public Utilities
    Solid Waste
    710 2nd Avenue, 11th Floor
    Seattle, WA 98104-1709
    Tel: 206-684-7804
    shirli.axelrod@ci.seattle.wa.us

    Energy

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    Energy Star page. "ENERGY STAR® is a voluntary partnership among the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, product manufacturers, local utilities, and retailers. Partners help promote efficient products by labeling with the ENERGY STAR® logo and educating consumers about the benefits of energy efficiency." Includes information about products that have the Energy Star label, which can be used as a guide for purchasers. Products listed include lights, office equipment, appliances and other equipment.

    www.energystar.gov/

    Tel: 888-STAR-YES
    info@energystar.gov

    Energy Star Purchasing Initiative site. Specific information for purchasing includes:
  • Develop life cycle cost analyses
  • Prepare your bid
  • Specify a particular brand
  • Educate employees about new policies
  • Gain recognition for commitment to the environment and savings
  • Overcome barriers
  • Discover benefits
  • Also found on the website: "Savings Calculators," which can be used to compare Energy Star products with non-Energy Star products.
    www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?
    c=bulk_purchasing.bus_purchasing
    State and Local Government Purchasing Initiative, a fact sheet describing a project from the Consortium for Energy Efficiency, Inc. The Consortium is "a non-profit, public benefit corporation that uses the power of mass markets to advance super energy-efficient technologies that benefit consumers and the environment." Other initiatives and projects can be found on the "about" page.

    www.cee1.org/gov/
    purch/purch-main.php3

    About page: www.cee1.org/cee/about.php3

    Energy Star Purchasing Tool Kit: A Guide to Buying Energy-Efficient Products, US Environmental Protection Agency, US Department of Energy, 1999. A guide that includes information for governments and organizations on: product specifications, energy efficiency criteria, sample procurement language for contracts, a simple savings calculator, a comprehensive listing of resources for specific products, and information about additional savings opportunities.
    PPRC Library Resource
    Available from EPA: 1-888-STAR-YES
    Energy Star Purchasing: Communications Starter Kit, US Environmental Protection Agency, US Department of Energy, 1999. A guide for developing a step-by-step communications program about the importance of energy efficient products to your agency/organization.
    PPRC Library Resource
    Available from EPA: 1-888-STAR-YES
    Market Research Report: "Public Procurement and Energy Efficiency in the Pacific Northwest." Prepared by: WSU Cooperative Extension Energy Program, WSU Departments of Sociology and Rural Sociology, Dethman & Associates, MACRO International. Report # 99-036. August 1999.
    PPRC Library Resource

    Washington State University Cooperative Extension Energy Program
    925 Plum Street SE, Bldg. #4
    P.O. Box 43165
    Olympia, WA 98504-3165
    info@energy.wsu.edu www.energy.wsu.edu

    State of Oregon Office of Energy information about energy efficient residential appliances

    egov.oregon.gov/ENERGY/
    CONS/RES/reshome.shtml

    State of Oregon Office of Energy
    625 Marion St. NE, Suite 1
    Salem, OR 97301-3742
    Tel: 800-221-8035or 503-378-4040
    Fax: 503-373-7806
    energy.in.internet@state.or.us

    California Energy Commission Appliance Efficiency Database. Identifies High-Efficiency Central Air Conditioners, Heat Pumps, Central Gas Furnaces, Room Air Conditioners, Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, Freezers and Wine Chillers www.energy.ca.gov/efficiency/
    appliances/index.html

    Floor Coverings

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    New Jersey Bureau of Recycling and Planning links page. Identifies recycled content carpet vendors. www.state.nj.us/dep/
    dshw/recyclenj/carpet.htm

    Furniture

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    New Jersey Bureau of Recycling and Planning links page. Identifies recycled content building products and furnishings. www.state.nj.us/dep/
    dshw/recyclenj/material.htm

    Mercury Containing Products

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    Inform, Inc. - "Mercury-free Products Fact Sheet". Covers price, performance, and availability of non-mercury manometers, thermometers, switches, and thermostats. It also includes recommended specifications for purchasing contracts. Massachusetts awarded a contract for "Industrial Supplies" restricting the sale of these items when they contain mercury, and a link to their specifications and other contract information is available. www.informinc.org/
    fact_P3industrialmeters.php
    Lowell Center for Sustainable Production, for the State of Maine, published "An Investigation of Alternatives to Mercury Containing Products", 2003. The report provides comprehensive product and vendor information, as well as feasibility of replacement for: non-mercury alternatives to sphygmomanometers, dilators, manometers, thermometers, barometers, psychrometers, flow meters, hydrometers, pyrometers, various switches and relays, thermostats, and flame sensors. www.state.me.us/dep/
    mercury/lcspfinal.pdf

    Office Supplies

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    Environmental Defense “Tips for a Greener Office” includes tips on purchasing paper, office equipment, and specifying print jobs www.environmentaldefense.org/
    alliance/Officetips.html
    EnviroWindows – Environmental Information for Businesses and Local Authorities “Green Procurement for the Office” includes several publications on office products and supplies, appliances, furnishings, cleaning contracts, and buildings. www.ewindows.eu.org/
    ManagementConcepts/Greenp/
    F1056727684/F1075911075
    Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance. Reducing Waste in the Workplace – See “Buying Green for your Office” www.moea.state.mn.us/
    campaign/workplace/
    index.html#purchasing

    Paper & Paper Products

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    Canadian Government site on Greener Procurement. www.greeninggovernment.gc.ca/
    default.asp?lang=En&n=256986C5-1
    Website for ReThink Paper, providing information about paper, including how to reduce the use of paper, tree-free paper and recycled papers. One particularly useful area of the website is the Paper Selector database, where you can find vendors that meet your paper needs. The site does ask for a free registration, but if the user is not comfortable with this, you can use the database without it. The site is a project of Earth Island Institute.

    www.rethinkpaper.org

    ReThink Paper
    C/O Earth Island Institute
    300 Broadway, Suite 28
    San Francisco CA, 94133-3312
    Tel: 415-788-3666 Ex. 232
    rtp@earthisland.org

    Conservatree, a nonprofit organization "dedicated to providing information, tools and technical assistance to enable purchasers to switch to environmentally sustainable paper options." This site has information on recycled, tree-free, chlorine-free and writing papers, as well as primers on how paper is made.

    www.conservatree.com

    The NEW Conservatree
    100 Second Avenue
    San Francisco, CA 94118
    Tel: 415-721-4230
    paper@conservatree.com

    New Jersey Bureau of Recycling and Planning links page. Identifies recycled content paper and paper products vendors. www.state.nj.us/dep/dshw/
    recyclenj/paper.htm
    Products for a Better World website, specifically a discussion on considering factors for choosing an environmentally friendly paper -- based upon recycled content, bleaching, the use of acids, and how it affects the growing scarcity of wood pulp www.betterworld.com/
    BWZ/9512/product.htm
    Environmental Defense Fund publication, Action Guide for Greener Paper, which includes 22 purchasing recommendations, practical implementation options, answers to frequently asked questions, and supporting technical analysis. Available at the website in Adobe Acrobat, or it can be purchased for $25 - contact information provided.

    www.environmentaldefense.org/
    alliance/greenerpaper.html

    EDF Publications/Paper Task Force
    1875 Connecticut Avenue, NW
    Washington, DC 20009
    Tel for credit card orders: 800-684-3322

    Plastics

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    Website from the American Plastics Council. This site provides information about products made or packaged with recycled plastics. The products listed contain at least 10 percent post-consumer content. APC's Recycled Plastic Products Source Book contains more than 1,400 products.
    Note: this was last updated in Fall 1998.

    sourcebook.plasticsresource.com/

    For a free copy of the Source Book, call 800-2-HELP-90

    National Recycling Coalition's PET waste exchange. The Recycler's Exchange is a free internet e-commerce marketplace designed to assist companies and individuals who buy, sell, or trade secondary / recyclable commodities and waste related materials. There are over a dozen categories of PET listed in the Exchange. www.recycle.net/Plastic/PET

    Shipping and Receiving

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    U.S. Department of the Interior, "Pollution Prevention Handbook, Shipping and Receiving Operations." A fact sheet that provides a quick overview of what purchasers can look for in the shipping and receiving aspects of environmental purchasing. Available as an Adobe Acrobat file.
    PPRC Library Resource
    www.p2pays.org/ref/01/00587.pdf

    Multiple Products

    Resource Where to find it/Contact Information
    EPA's Database of Environmental Information for Products and Services A searchable database of product-specific information (e.g., environmental standards and guidelines or contract language) developed by government programs, both domestic and international, as well as third parties. yosemite1.epa.gov/oppt/eppstand2.nsf Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Program (EPP)
    U.S. EPA
    1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW
    Mail Code 7409-M
    Washington, DC 20460
    e-mail: epp.pilot@epa.gov
    EPA's Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG) site. The Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG) program is part of EPA's continuing effort to promote the use of materials recovered from solid waste. This site has information about products in the following categories:
  • construction
  • landscaping
  • non-paper office products
  • paper and paper products
  • park and recreation products
  • transportation products
  • vehicular products
  • miscellaneous products
  • There are also fact sheets for each category listed above. The related links page has information about general buy-recycled sites, government sites and product information.
    Please note: many of the related links are also listed elsewhere in this resource listing.


    www.epa.gov/cpg/
    [also found at www.epa.gov/epaoswer/
    non-hw/procure/index.htm
    ]
    For Federal Government Employees: The General Services Administration (GSA) website for its Environmental Products Guide (EPG). This site contains information about a wide range of environmentally preferable products and services. It is explicitly designed for federal government purchasers (and local law enforcement agencies), and federal employees registered with a password can perform a product search and find out what products and vendors are under GSA contract.


    www.fss.gsa.gov/environ/
    The State of Washington's Office of State Procurement (OSP) offers many items through state contract or Central Stores that meet EPA's "recycled content criteria." Any member of the purchasing cooperative (which includes political subdivisions) can purchase through OSP. Many items are available to the Oregon's purchasing cooperative as well. OSP is actively pursuing incorporating other environmental criteria into their bid specifications. Some of the items available include:
  • Re-refined lubricants
  • "green" cleaning products
  • recycled paint
  • carpet reclamation service
  • remanufactured furniture
  • alternative fuel vehicles
  • retread tires
  • non-chlorine bleached kraft envelopes
  • refurbished fencing
  • recycled content office supplies
  • recycled plastic picnic tables and lumber
  • OSP will be contracting for alternative fuels and for hybrid gas/electric vehicles this summer. They are looking into process chlorine free paper and strawboard building materials.


    Mark Gaffney
    Tel: (360) 902-7424
    www.ga.wa.gov/centralstores/
    Home page of the Environmentally Preferable Products (EPP) Procurement Program of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
         This web site is provided to address the environmentally preferred products information needs:
    1. Executive Agencies of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
    2. Commonwealth of Massachusetts Political Subdivisions, including schools, municipalities, county government authorities, and constitutional offices
    3. Consumers, businesses, and manufacturers seeking to enhance their general understanding of the availability and characteristics of EPPs
    4. EPP Program Managers, such as those who have established and/or are running other states' EPP programs, Federal EPP programs, or are leading community initiatives
    5. Vendors, seeking to sell environmentally preferred products and services to the Commonwealth.
    There is a lot of information at this site, but most of it is specific to MA. Perhaps one of the most valuable uses of this resource for NW purchasers is to use it as a model for how to set up/provide information about state programs and EPP, in particular, the pages addressing Product & Service Information [www.magnet.state.ma.us/osd/enviro/products.htm]. The fact sheets (found on the Reports and Handbooks page) and cost comparisons could be helpful to anyone interested in the product category listed.


    www.magnet.state.ma.us/
    osd/enviro/enviro.htm
    (also found at www.state.ma.us/
    osd/enviro/enviro.htm
    )

    Eric Friedman, Environmental Purchasing Coordinator
    Operational Services Division
    1 Ashburton Place, 10th Floor
    Boston, MA 02108-1552
    Tel: 617-720-3351
    Fax: 617-727-4527
    eric.friedman@state.ma.us

    additional MA contacts can be found on the contacts page (www.magnet.state.ma.us/osd/
    enviro/contacts.htm
    )
    Environmental Purchasing Business Assistance website from the Minnesota office of Environmental Assistance. The local government assistance page has information about Minnesota's Recycled Products Directory, cleaning supplies, purchasing recycled copy paper, "Waste? Not!," and a list of websites specific to local government purchasing.
         The business information provides a listing of resources that is not Minnesota-specific. The local government page has information that is more Minnesota-specific, but could still provide some assistance to Northwest purchasers.
    www.moea.state.mn.us/
    berc/purchase.cfm

    Local Government Assistance Page: www.moea.state.mn.us/
    lc/env_purc.cfm
    Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance
    520 Lafayette Rd N Floor 2
    St. Paul, MN 55155-4100
    Tel: 651-296-3417 or 800-657-3843
    Fax: 651-215-0246
    berc@moea.state.mn.us
    note: additional contact information is found on the contacts page (www.moea.state.mn.us/contact.cfm)

    California Integrated Waste Management Board website. This website has loads of information on many topics, but one of the most pertinent part of the website for purchasers is the Buy Recycled program, and the recycled content products database.

    www.ciwmb.ca.gov/

    Buy Recycled: www.ciwmb.ca.gov/BuyRecycled/

    Recycled Content Products Database: www.ciwmb.ca.gov/rcp/

    CIWMB Sacramento
    8800 Cal Center Drive
    Sacramento, CA 95826-3268
    Tel: 916-255-2200

    CIWMB Fullerton
    1501 E. Orangethorpe Avenue, Suite 150
    Fullerton, CA 92831
    Diversion Planning and Local Assistance: 714-449-7072
    Permitting and Enforcement: 714-449-4780

    King County Environmental Purchasing website. Contains information about Program, Policy and Resources; Construction and Landscaping Materials; Office and Automotive Products; Product Experience; and Environmental/Recycling Links. As part of the Program, Policy and Resources page, there is a link to Environmental Purchasing Bulletins, periodic emails that over a range of information about environmental purchasing.
    A wealth of information about environmental purchasing is available here.


    www.metrokc.gov/procure/green/

    Environmental Purchasing Bulletins: www.metrokc.gov/procure/
    green/bulindex.htm

    Global Recycling Network. Most useful part of site to purchaser may be the GRN Company Directories, where you can do a vendor search in a number of areas, and can narrow down the search to product types and location.

    www.grn.com/

    GRN Company Directories: (www.grn.com/directo/directo.htm)

    grn@grn.com

    Co-op America's Green Pages Online. A database listing of socially and environmentally responsible products and services, with buttons on the side to take the user directly to a specific topic area (for example, greener cleaning). Co-op America is a nonprofit organization that "links individuals with progressive businesses to address today's social and environmental problems."


    www.greenpages.org

    The Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center (PPRC) webpage that focuses on pollution prevention for individuals. It is a listing of resources for a number of different topics with information about P2 things to do around the house and in the yard, plus the Official PPRC P2 Quiz. Some of the information available can assist purchasers looking for ideas and products.

    www.pprc.org/p24u.html

    Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
    1402 Third Ave, Suite 1420
    Seattle, WA 98101
    Tel: 206-352-2050
    Fax: 206-352-2049
    office@pprc.org
    www.pprc.org

     

    Our thanks to the following for their generous assistance: