Regional Highlights Pacific Northwest
Pollution Prevention Roundtable
June 25-26, 1998 in Boise, Idaho — Executive Summary
The following information is summarized from the June 1998 Northwest Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable meeting. Full meeting minutes also are available.


Roundtable attendees were asked to describe pollution prevention opportunities and barriers that they see. Opportunities included linking P2 with energy efficiency and climate change, business recognition programs, environmental education, affirmative procurement, linking with community and technical colleges, and household hazardous waste collection. Barriers included limited funding, "can't do" attitudes, political obstacles, keeping enthusiasm going, and competing for the attention of time-stressed small businesses.

Additional details on this topic are available in the full meeting minutes.



Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ)
Dave Kunz, 503-229-6237,

P2 has been incorporated into DEQ's strategic plans
Top 10 case studies will be posted soon on DEQ's Web page
Northwest Environmental Conference scheduled Nov. 17-18
Enforcement policies have been revised to incorporate P2
Four companies are taking part in EMS incentives program
Top 10 new P2 projects have been initiated
EPA Headquarters
Julie Shannon, 202-260-2736,

PBT prevention strategies to be developed this summer
HAP rules being developed for metal product coatings
Rulemaking underway for non-utility industrial combustion sources
NPPR is working with EPA on P2 training for local governments
Association of local health officials is mapping environmental, health data
Ohio EPA is studying state regulatory integration initiatives
Comments are sought on PPIS discussion paper
Washington Department of Ecology (Ecology)
Judy Kennedy, 360-407-6744,

Ecology is developing eight sustainability principles
Ecology held a workshop on the Natural Step program
P2 integration into regulatory programs is being evaluated
Boatyards, marinas, hospitals, and paint manufacturers are targeted for P2
PEAKART project is integrating P2 into water quality permitting
Public schools are receiving surplus refurbished computer equipment
City of Portland Environmental Services Bureau
Margaret Nover, 503-823-7623,

Bureau is using envelopes produced with elementary chlorine-free process
Marine, aviation facilities are focus of assistance project
Fax on demand to be added to SoilTrader exchange
Sustainability model is being tested with watershed staff
P2 Jeopardy! game helps get P2 information out
Annual report was published in March
Bureau made presentations to NPPR and U.S. DOE conferences
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10
John Palmer, 206-553-6521,
Carolyn Gangmark, 206-553-4072,

$480,000 was awarded in PPIS grant
$370,000 in environmental justice grants will be awarded
EnergyStar labeling to be developed for manufactured housing
PPRC has been awarded $175,000 to continue regional P2 network
Funding may be available to regions for PBT reduction program
EPA is promoting Million Solar Roofs project. September workshop planned
Partnership programs are being streamlined
Four Washington companies received Evergreen Awards
ISO 14000 study of seven organizations has been published
Pilot projects may be outcome of alternative regulatory paths workshop
EPA is scoping parking cashout project with six Seattle companies
Lower Boise River effluent trading pilot has kicked off
Grant was given to Energy Outreach Center to study revenue-neutral tax shifts
Region is scoping greenhouse gas prevention projects
Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center (PPRC)
Chris Wiley, 206-352-2050,
Catherine Dickerson, 206-352-2050,
PPRC is coordinating nine regional networks in P2 Resource Exchange
P2/Compliance project is targeting fiberglass, shipyards, aerospace, paintmaking
Newsletter will explore role of P2 in salmon restoration
Articles have been published in P2 Review and Marine Log
RPD will have 100 additional projects by September
Industrial laundries, paint manufacturing, are new sector resources



Measuring What Gets Done
Kathy Veit, EPA Region 10, 206-553-1983,
David Livengood, Oregon DEQ, 541-440-3338,,
Margaret Nover, City of Portland, 503-823-7623,
Catherine Dickerson, 206-352-2050,

Government agencies at all levels face mandates to measure and report program results. EPA is working on measurement strategies at the national and regional levels. Region 10 is working with the states on a compliance assistance strategy to measure results, improve efforts and make assistance results visible to lawmakers and other external audiences.

Oregon DEQ's Western Region has incorporated measurement into technical assistance projects, by advance planning which sets the objective, determines how results will be measured, and provides for easy information collection. Last year, DEQ tracked results by counting the number of businesses that shifted into different hazardous waste generator categories. A "geographic" project was undertaken in an industrial area to determine whether P2 and waste management assistance improved the water quality of a nearby creek.

In carrying out assistance, the city of Portland Bureau of Environmental Services determines the project purpose, identifies the metric, and conducts followup monitoring. The format is easy to use and suitable for use by small agencies.

PPRC is preparing surveys to determine the results of providing P2 information. Goals are to track changes in pollution generated by targeted sectors and identify information sources that assistance providers use.

Additional details on this topic are available in the full meeting minutes.


Effluent Trading: A New Approach for Water Resources
Claire Schary, EPA Region 10, 206-553-8514,
Lee Brooks, Natural Resources Conservation Service, 208-378-5720,
Robbin Finch, City of Boise, 208-384-3900

An effluent trading pilot project has begun in the Lower Boise River watershed. Effluent trading is a tool for implementing Total Maximum Daily Load limits established for water bodies. Phosphorus is the TMDL pollutant to be addressed through effluent trading in the Lower Boise. The program is modeled after the sulfur dioxide allowances trading program. Trades may be made between point sources, or between point and non-point sources. For example, a wastewater treatment plant could purchase allowances corresponding to non-point source reductions such as farm best management practices. EPA estimates show that significant savings may be achieved by using allowances trading to reduce phosphorus discharges.

The city of Boise, which operates a wastewater utility, is looking for cheaper ways to meet phosphorus discharge standards at ultimate buildout. The Natural Resources Conservation Service sees trading as a promising tool for funding well understood water efficiency measures that will reduce soil erosion and nutrient pollution. Issues to be resolved include water rights consequences and cost sharing.

Additional details on this topic are available in the full meeting minutes.



P2 Toolbox
Judy Kennedy, 360-407-6744,

Ecology has developed a "P2 toolbox" on its intranet designed to assist permitting and compliance staff with integrating P2 into their programs. Resources include ways to identify P2 opportunities; opportunities in several industrial sectors; toxics use reduction, planning and vendor contacts; and a publications database.

PPRC will adapt the toolbox's base code for other agencies to offer a similar resource to their staffs..

Additional details on this topic are available in the full meeting minutes.


Potato Processing at JR Simplot Co.
Joan Cloonan, 208-384-8317,

JR Simplot, a diversified food products and agricultural services company, has incorporated pollution prevention into french fries production at its Caldwell, Idaho plant. P2 technologies and practices include making the most use out of each potato. Out of each 100 pounds of raw potatoes that enter the plant, 50 to 60 pounds come out as usable products.

Food processing is a water-intensive process, and the plant incorporates closed loops for reusing wash and process water. Peel and other leavings are reused for cattle feed, paper production, pet food production, and ethanol distilling. Ethanol is sold as a gasoline additive and used to produce biodiesel, an alternative fuel. Solids removed from wastewater are used for cattle feed, and methane from anaerobic digesters fuels boilers. Packaging is designed to minimize package size, so that more packages can be loaded aboard trucks and railcars. Refrigerated railcars that ship product are chilled with carbon dioxide that is a byproduct of fertilizer production.

Additional details on this topic are available in the full meeting minutes.



Idaho Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ)
John Bernardo, 208-373-0114,

DEQ is reaching out to science teachers to incorporate P2 into curricula
DEQ has hired a consultant to develop a business recognition program
A June 17 WasteWi$e downlink broadcast was sponsored by DEQ
Reuse of fluoride byproducts of fertilizer production is being studied
Workshops were held to assist dry cleaners explore perc alternatives
Manufacture of ag bags with degradable plastic is under study
Blount International has adopted P2 in its Lewiston ammunition plant
City of Boise
Angela Deckers, 208-384-3978,
A household hazardous waste dropoff site has been opened in Boise
The city's industrial pretreatment program incorporates P2. Micron reclaims wastewater, phosphoric acid and sulfuric acid for reuse. Ponderosa Paint reduced its wastewater discharges to zero, thanks to water reclamation practices in the plant, and no longer needs an industrial discharge permit.

Chris Wiley, 206-352-2050,

New industrial sectors: industrial laundries and paint manufacturers
Contacts directory
Regional highlights
Adhesives technology review series is being finalized
100 projects will be added to Research Projects Database
Idaho OnePlan
Warren McFall 208-378-5759,
The Idaho OnePlan is a web site that was developed to help farmers voluntarily develop farm plans that will satisfy all regulatory requirements. Farmers have told government agencies that regulations applicable to agriculture can be confusing and difficult to keep up with.

The site is about half complete. Information is currently available on 10 general topics: farm planning, croplands, best management practices, livestock, organic farming, pest management, storage tanks, rangeland, waste management, water management, and wetlands. There are links to other agriculture sites, guidelines on farm management issues, weather and climate data, and references. In discussion, it was suggested that integrated pest management information be included to promote P2.

Additional details on this topic are available in the full meeting minutes



Partnership for Environmental Technology Education (PETE)
David Boon, 303-404-5259,

PETE, a non-profit organization which promotes environmental technology education, has an agreement with EPA to transfer Design for Environment pollution prevention information through development of community and technical college curricula and faculty training. PETE/DfE programs include P2 training for auto service instructors, and use of microscale and small scale techniques to minimize waste in chemistry instruction. Fleet maintenance materials are under development.

Other PETE programs include training in energy efficiency audits, faculty internships, youth environmental training, and tribal college programs. Through PETE, the Journal of Environmental Health regularly publishes P2 information in a special section. PETE's Northwest region will hold a conference in April 1999 in Portland.

Additional details on this topic are available in the full meeting minutes


Industrial Technical Assistance Providers (ITAP)
Rob Penney, 360-956-2053,
Jon Biemer, 503-230-5995,

Pollution prevention and energy efficiency practitioners typically have taken separate paths in working with industry. Both, however, address waste reduction at the source, and there is a great deal of commonality between the two communities that warrants cooperative efforts. A working group of P2, energy efficiency ("E2") and other industrial assistance providers has been established to coordinate assistance programs and improve the effectiveness of industry outreach. Participants include federal and state agencies, energy extension services, Manufacturing Extension Partnerships, PPRC, PETE, and the Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance.

Proposed activities include a resource directory for industry, trade show and conference participation, a roundtable, a hotline, web site, and contacts bureau.

ITAP was cautioned against separate P2 and E2 roundtables. From a marketing standpoint, a one-stop approach is necessary for providing technical assistance.

Additional details on this topic are available in the full meeting minutes


Home*A*Syst and Farm*A*Syst
Lance Holloway, 208-338-5900

Home*A*Syst is a voluntary program designed to prevent contamination of groundwater sources used for drinking water supplies. Under Home*A*Syst, homeowners receive information on home management, soil and geologic risk factors, and pollution prevention recommendations covering areas such as animal management, wastewater disposal, yard chemical handling, stormwater, and storage of petroleum products.

Additional details on this topic are available in the full meeting minutes



Brittingham Associates
Jeanne Brittingham, 208-634-5500

Ten theories and tips were presented for helping assistance providers understand communications concepts and communicate more effectively with target audiences. Among the recommendations are:
  • Messages are more effective if the sender has credibility with the receiver, and if the message fits with the receiver's beliefs.
  • Good communications programs seek reasonable passage, in small steps, from a "hierarchy" ranging from awareness of P2 to actual behavior change.
  • Messages should support current beliefs and highlight the "good news" aspect of proposed changes.
  • Developing relationships with people is a vital step for changing attitudes and behavior.
  • Encourage target audiences to undertake trials before adoption of change
  • Keep language concrete and specific
  • There are five categories of people who adopt innovations: innovators, first adopters, early majority, late majority, and laggards. First adopters and early majority are critical audiences to target for behavior change.
  • Additional details on this topic are available in the full meeting minutes


    Compiled by the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center, 513 First Ave. West, Seattle, WA 98119
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