Bellevue Community College, Rm. L212
Water Conservation (WC)
Bill Anderson, Business
and Industry Resource Venture
Anderson began the WC session
with mention of the regional 1% for Water Conservation program.
The idea of the program (being offered by numerous local water providers)
is that if everyone can reduce their water use by a mere 1% per year
for each of the next 10 years, we will accommodate population growth
over the next decade without increasing the amount of water use. [Editor's
note: Due to months of cumulative dry weather, the City of Seattle and
area water utilities announced on April 5, 2001 that they are entering
the "Voluntary Stage" of water curtailment. Water saved
today will stay in the reservoir for the summer months, and help avoid
the need for mandatory water curtailments later. Consequently, customers
are being asked to reduce water use by 10%.]
He described how his organization,
Business and Industry Resource Venture, can provide information,
assistance, and referrals to help local companies reduce their water
use. Services include a Web site (http://www.resourceventure.org/water_conservation.htm),
fact sheets, and on-site visits and water audits.
Anderson also described
financial incentives being offered through Seattle Public Utilities'
Water Smart Technology Program. The program covers up to 50%
of the cost of installing or replacing inefficient fixtures and equipment.
A list of eligible projects is on the Resource Venture's Web site.
Michael Laurie, BRACO Resource
Laurie started by highlighting
roof-top cooling towers and single-pass equipment (vacuum
pumps, air conditioning units, etc.) as some of the best opportunities
for water savings. He also mentioned deduct meters, a product that can
reduce your utility bill (specifically sewage charges) by calculating
the amount of water that is not going down the drain due to reuse. This
information can be provided to the City of Seattle for a credit on your
to a new, water-efficient vacuum pump is estimated to save them $17,000
per year with a payback period of 4½ years.
He recommended that water
users pay close attention to their water bills. Graph your utility
usage and look for any unusual increases. This can help detect leaks.
The Polyclinic tried this and saved a few hundred dollars a month.
Laurie also talked about
businesses (like some hospitals) that have on-site laundry services.
These services provide an opportunity for water reuse. If you don't
have a service on-site, Laurie suggested talking with your vendor about
water reuse at their facility.
A second tier of water conservation
targets includes toilets and urinals, ice machines, landscaping,
showerheads, and faucet aerators. A few specific tips regarding
Check the diaphragms
in the flush valves since pipe disruptions from nearby construction
and maintenance projects can clog them. Clean (or replace) if necessary.
Be sure to get the right
size flapper to avoid leaks. Flappers are tank-specific.
According to Laurie,
with tank-style toilets, you get what you pay for. A Web site (http://www.terrylove.com)
Laurie emphasized that
there are now good-quality, low-flush toilets available.
Dual flush toilets
saved over low-flush toilets.
The use of bottles or
toilet dams in the toilet tank is more effective with 5-gpm toilets
than with 3.5-gpm toilets.
The water-saving alternative
to a water-cooled ice machine is an air-cooled ice machine. They
are very cost-effective if the machine is used a lot.
Laurie noted a number of
water-efficient landscaping practices:
3-4 times during the watering season (May - September).
Make adjustments based
on soil conditions and slope of the area.
Use drip irrigation;
it's 30-50% more efficient.
Apply compost and
mulch to retain water (reduce evaporation).
plants (native plants are especially good).
He highlighted, again, the
financial incentives available through the Water Smart Technology Program
mentioned by Bill Anderson. He added that the typical payback for such
projects over the last 6 years has been 2 years.
John Roberts, Seattle City
After a brief overview of
the current energy situation, Roberts noted that SCL offers two types
of services: financial incentives and technical assistance.
He said that, at the moment,
there's an added incentive for medium and large commercial customers
called 10+10 Conservation Incentive Bonus. Essentially, the bonus
amounts to an additional 10% funding for signing up by July 31, 2001,
and another 10% for completion by Nov. 30, 2001. More information is
available at http://www.energysmartservices.com.
SCL will also pay for design
assistance and commissioning services (up to $10,000 per
(such as chillers, A/C units, and heat pumps)
(such as control strategies not required by code and variable flow
Harborview, for example,
has used SCL for their commissioning plan, design assistance, and financial
Other conservation measures
CO and CO2 controlled
chillers with VFDs
constant volume CFM
Just as Michael Laurie did
for water conservation, Roberts recommended graphing out your facility's
energy use to identify peak times.
Dom Amor, Puget Sound Energy
According to Amor, PSE electricity
customers have seen little rate increase. Natural gas customers, on
the other hand, have seen a 70-80% increase over the last year and a
half. These have been wholesale pass throughs.
Assistance from PSE comes
in three forms: energy audits/analysis, efficiency grants, and rebates
(for things like lighting, "Exit" signs, sensors, and programmable
On the horizon:
- 4 daily time zones (filed for with the WUTC)
Schedule 93 rate
is PSE's voluntary load curtailment program for its large electric customers.
Customers can receive financial credit for reducing usage on short notice.
More information is available
at PSE's Web site, http://www.pse.com.
Stormwater Pollution Prevention
Bill Anderson, Business
and Industry Resource Venture
Anderson notified everyone
that the City of Seattle recently changed its Stormwater Code (SMC
22.800) in order to meet Washington state requirements, and that
these changes will impact all kinds of businesses.
Additionally, there are
different requirements for different types and sizes of businesses and
business activities related to stormwater.
The Resource Venture can
help Seattle companies through the specific, and often complex, regulations
with information on its Web site (http://www.resourceventure.org/stormwater.htm),
fact sheets, and on-site visits.
Businesses are encouraged
to request a site visit from the Resource Venture as the visit can serve
as a "dress rehearsal" for an actual inspection by
a city inspector. Visits are conducted by the Resource Venture's consultant,
Environmental Coalition of South Seattle.
Kevin Burrell, Environmental
Coalition of South Seattle
Burrell explained the role
that businesses play in creating stormwater pollution, and stressed
the need for companies to reduce their impact.
He then outlined several
P2 steps that businesses can take. A list of stormwater P2 practices
is found at the Resource Venture's Web site above. There are also links
to stormwater "best management practices" fact sheets,
the Source Control Technical Requirements Manual, and Seattle's
Stormwater, Grading and Drainage Control Code on the site.
Activities identified in
Seattle's new stormwater code are broken out into 2 main types: operational
source control and structural source control. Operational
controls are divided into requirements for all businesses and requirements
for "businesses engaged in high-risk pollution generating activities
(HRPG)." The Code also now requires certain structural source control
measures for businesses involved in high-risk activities that seek building
permits after January 1, 2001. A list of activities that pose a high
risk of stormwater pollution and examples of structural measures are
available on the Resource Venture's Web site.
Dom Amor, Puget Sound Energy
Bill Anderson, Business and Industry Resource Venture
Denise Bender, Immunex
Kevin Burrell, Environmental Coalition of South Seattle
Domenic Calabro, EPA Region 10
Rose Dammrose, Northwest Hospital
Elizabeth Daniel, Business and Industry Resource Venture
Kinley Deller, King County Solid Waste Division
John Fauver, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Jason Ferguson, Children's Hospital
Matt Fikejs, Business and Industry Resource Venture
Rob Houston, St. Joseph Hospital
Bob Johnson, Unisource Worldwide
Allen Jones, Alan B. Jones, Ph.D.
Steve Ketchum, Trammell Crow Health Care Services
Kellie Kuhlman, Puget Sound Energy
Michael Laurie, BRACO Resource Services
Ibtissam Massalkhi, University of Washington
William Montgomery, St. Joseph Hospital
Kathleen O'Brien, O'Brien & Company, Inc.
Tom Nance, Trammell Crow Health Care Services
Phil Paschke, Seattle Public Utilities
Peter Rackers, Harborview Medical Center
Art Ricketts, St. Clare Hospital
Sandy Rock, Pollution Prevention Resource Center
John Roberts, Seattle City Light
Bill Rowe, University of Washington
Carol Sangster, Chubb Insurance
Brenda Schiffman, Trammell Crow (at Swedish)
Mike Smith, Swedish Medical Center
Kevin Snively, Trammell Crow (at Swedish)
Jenny Yoo, Dept. of Ecology
Kelly Zarling, Trammell Crow (at Swedish)