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Metal Finishing: Complete List of Reference Documents
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Operations
Reasons for Change
P2 Opportunities
Where To Go for P2 Help
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Article/report (11) / Audio/video (1) / Case study/success story (25) / Chapter (1) / Fact sheet/checklist (31) / List (2) / Manual/handbook/curriculum (14) / Periodical (1) / Proceedings (2) / Software/electronic tool (2) / Web site (21)

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- Article/report -    Top of Page

Environmental Protection Agency Sector Notebook: Fabricated Metal Products Notebook
Abstract: Comprehensive environmental profile of the industry, TRI data, P2 opportunities, regulatory issues, who and what's going on in the industry
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/compliance/resources/publications/assista
nce/sectors/notebooks/index.html

Guides to Pollution Prevention: The Metal Finishing Industry (EPA/625/R-92/011)
Abstract: Overview of major metal finishing operations that generate waste, and opportunities in source reduction and recycling. Call 800/490-9198 and request document number 625R92011.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_Report.cfm?dirEntry
ID=42434

Guides to Pollution Prevention: The Metal Finishing Industry (EPA/625/R-92/011)
Abstract: Overview of major metal finishing operations that generate waste, and opportunities in source reduction and recycling. Call 800/490-9198 and request document number 625R92011.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_Report.cfm?dirEntry
ID=42434

Managing Cyanide in Metal Finishing [PDF]
Abstract: This report covers various aspects of cyanide's chemistry, use, toxicity, problems and control in metal plating.
Source: U.S.Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/HazardousWaste/Cyanide/upload/CN_Caps
ule.pdf

Mazda's New Paint System Cuts VOC Emissions by 57 Percent
Abstract: Mazda began using a new paint system at a Japanese facility that it claims carries the smallest environmental footprint of any water-based paint system being used today.
Source: GreenBiz.com
URL: http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2009/06/18/mazdas-new-paint-sys
tem-cuts-voc-emissions-57-percent

No-Clean Technology Review
Abstract: Review of no-clean fluxes or methods which eliminate a cleaning step; covers technical issues, approaches and future areas of development
Source: Pollution Prevention Resource Center
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/techreviews/noclean/nointro.html

Profile of the Metal Finishing Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Profile of the industry and describing the typical manufacturing steps. It presents an overview of the chemicals, technologies, and processes used in this industry."
Source: Waste Reduction Institute for Training and Application Research
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00883.pdf

Recent Alternatives to Chromate for Aluminum Conversion Coating [PDF]
Abstract: Study (for purchase) compares performance of 18 conversion coatings, (17 chromate-free, 1 chromate-based control), on 6 aluminum alloys. Tested salt spray corrosion resistance, contact electrical resistance, paint adhesion.
Source: National Center for Manufacturing Sciences
URL: http://www.ncms.org/wp-content/NCMS_files/reports/RPT170403.
pdf

Reducing Water Consumption: Conductivity Control at Harris Broadcast Communication Division [PDF]
Abstract: Case study on analysis of a multi-stage immersion parts washing system and subsequent design and installation of conductivity controls to minimize water use and waste.
Source: Illinois Conservation of Resources and Energy (ICORE)
URL: http://www.istc.illinois.edu/main_sections/info_services/lib
rary_docs/TN/tn11-099.pdf

Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Cleaning Technology Review
Abstract: Review of supercritical CO2 cleaning for technical and economic viability; covers operational requirements, and future areas of development
Source: Pollution Prevention Resource Center
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/techreviews/co2/co2intro.html

UV Powder Reaching New Markets
Abstract: UV powder coatings are an energy-efficient option for coating massive metal parts (engine blocks, iron light pole bases, I-beams), that act as a heat sink during processing. UV reduces oven time and temperature.
Source: Products Finishing Online
URL: http://www.pfonline.com/articles/uv-powder-reaching-new-mark
ets


- Audio/video -    Top of Page

Cost Reduction Through Waste Reduction: Chapter 09: Swing n' Slide
Abstract: The video shows production of metal hardware and a powder coating which reduces VOC emissions. (It also shows the production and packaging of plastic items).
Source: Pollution Prevention Regional Information Center
URL: http://p2ric.org/p2information/Libraries/details_videoclip.c
fm?chapter_id=84


- Case study/success story -    Top of Page

Atmospheric Evaporative Recovery Applied to a Nickel Plating Operation [PDF]
Abstract: Case study on efforts to reduce rinse water and sludge disposal in the nickel plating operation using an atmospheric evaporator system. Topics include: process description, test description, test set-up and operations, test results and analysis
Source: North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/02/01055.pdf

Bicarbonate of Soda Stripping [PDF]
Abstract: Analysis of bicarbonate of soda stripping as alternative to traditional chemical stripping for metal cleaning/surface prep
Source: North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00601.pdf

Coolant Recycling and Waste Water Reduction Alternatives for the Aluminum Disc Polishing Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Case study on reduction of BOD concentration in effluent of an aluminum disc polisher, through coolant recycling and alkaline and rinse water recycling
Source: Waste Management and Research Center
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/cerioncs.pdf

Eastside Plating Success Story [PDF]
Abstract: Case study on a hazardous waste reduction program at an electroplater; rinsing techniques, substitution, waste segregation
Source: Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/23/22407.pdf

Electrochemical Coatings, Inc.
Abstract: Case study on a lead plating process whereby rework was minimized by optimizing rinse systems and criteria
Source: The Indiana Clean Manufacturing Technology and Safe Materials Institute
URL: https://Engineering.Purdue.edu/CMTI/Technology_Transfer/ECC.
htm

Electrophoretic Plating: Gainsborough Hardware Industries Limited
Abstract: Replacement of a gold cyanide plating system with electrophoretic plating, with significant savings from reduced waste disposal and trade waste costs
Source: Environment Australia
URL: http://www.environment.gov.au/archive/settlements/industry/c
orporate/eecp//case-studies/gainsborough.html

Greater Process Control in Hot Dip Galvanizing
Abstract: Case study/benefits of a new hot dip galvanizing process, utilizing a continuous electrolytical preflux treatment
Source: Environment Australia
URL: http://www.environment.gov.au/archive/settlements/industry/c
orporate/eecp//case-studies/industrial.html

Improving the Design and Operation of Roll Coating Equipment to Reduce Paint and Clean-Up Wastes
Abstract: Case study on improving the design and operation of roll coating equipment at a metal coating facility to reduce paint and clean-up wastes.
Source: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/04/03151.htm

Jupiter Coil Coating Division
Abstract: Case study on using ultrafiltration to eliminate etched aluminum in the process effluent, which greatly reduced cleaning quality and contaminated the chromate conversion bath
Source: The Indiana Clean Manufacturing Technology and Safe Materials Institute
URL: https://Engineering.Purdue.edu/CMTI/Technology_Transfer/Jupi
tp2-web.htm

Mazda's Three Layer Wet Paint System Receives Prize
Abstract: This system simplifies the painting process by combining the primer coating process with top coating to deliver comprehensive environmental benefits such as reduction of volatile organic compounds by as much as 45%.
Source: Greenbiz.com
URL: http://www.mazda.com/publicity/release/2003/200312/1225e.htm
l

Membrane Filtration Technology [PDF]
Abstract: Describes benefits and technical aspects of membrane filtration; two case studies
Source: Waste Management and Research Center
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/98-052.pdf

Metal Recovery and Wastewater Reduction Using Electrowinning [PDF]
Abstract: Electrowinning recovers metals from electroplating rinse waters; this facility was able to install a system which reduced water use on a cadmium line by 94%
Source: Merit Partnership and Tetra Tech EM, Inc.
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/02/01140.pdf

Metal Recovery in Electroplating
Abstract: Case study /benefits of electrolytic recovery equipment on drag-out tanks of plating lines, and replacing chrome with hydrogen peroxide in bright dipping
Source: Environment Australia
URL: http://www.environment.gov.au/archive/settlements/industry/c
orporate/eecp//case-studies/dorf.html

Metal Recovery Technologies for the Metal Finishing Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Facility-wide waste reduction implementation, including include dragout and evaporative recovery, electrodialytic recovery, and the use of deionized water
Source: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
URL: http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-ead-P2-mfp2i-metrec
te.pdf

Modifying Tank Layouts to Improve Process Efficiency
Abstract: Case study of a small electroplating and coating shop illustrates how to improve tank layouts for recovery and reuse of plating solutions and rinses
Source: Merit Partnership and Tetra Tech EM, Inc.
URL: http://www.nmfrc.org/pdf/merit/merit3.htm

Phosphate Pre-Treatment of Steel
Abstract: Case study on replacement of conventional iron phosphate pre-treatment system with an organic process that operates at room temperature
Source: Environment Australia
URL: http://www.environment.gov.au/archive/settlements/industry/c
orporate/eecp//case-studies/apc.html

Plastic Media Blasting [PDF]
Abstract: Analysis of plastic media blasting as alternative to iron blasting abrasive for metal cleaning and surface prep
Source: North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00611.pdf

Production Line Improvements - Bordex Wine Racks
Abstract: Case study/benefits on replacement of IR ovens with induction which reduced energy consumption by ~60 percent. Also purchased new steel processing equipment
Source: Environment Australia
URL: http://www.environment.gov.au/archive/settlements/industry/c
orporate/eecp//case-studies/bordex.html

Reducing Water Consumption: Conductivity Control at Harris Broadcast Communication Division [PDF]
Abstract: Installation of conductivity measurement reduces water use and wastewater generation.
Source: ISTC Illinois
URL: http://www.istc.illinois.edu/main_sections/info_services/lib
rary_docs/TN/tn11-099.pdf

Rinsewater Reduction: Metal Finishing Shop
Abstract: Metal finishing job shop reduced rinsewater volume and ensured compliance with discharge regulations by installing a staged rinse system, segregating waste streams, and modifying processing solutions
Source: Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.istc.illinois.edu/info/library_docs/manuals/finis
hing/rinsing.htm

Strategic Target: Pollution Prevention
Abstract: Case studies on US Air Force implementation of cutting-edge pollution prevention technologies at Raytheon facility, including aqueous cleaning
Source: Parts Cleaning Magazine
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/13/12006.htm

Switch to Alkaline Non-Cyanide Zinc Pays Off
Abstract: Case study on conversion of zinc plating operation to a non-cyanide alkaline zinc bath to achieve the required 0.5 mil overall thickness on wire.
Source: Products Finishing Magazine
URL: http://www.pfonline.com/articles/switch-to-alkaline-non-cyan
ide-zinc-pays-off

Vibratory Solution Recovery in a Zinc Die-Casting Operation [PDF]
Abstract: Vibratory solution recovery in a zinc diecasting operation - profiles cost-effectiveness and waste management
Source: Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/11/10492.pdf

Wastewater Minimization and Process Improvement for a Five-Stage Iron Phosphate Washer [PDF]
Abstract: Case study of a metal finisher that drastically reduced wastewater and hazardous wastes with ultrafiltration and rinse counterflow.
Source: Georgia Pollution Prevention Assistance Division (P2AD)
URL: http://www.arbortech.com/pdf/Metcam.pdf

Water-Based Coatings Outperform VOC-Based Systems
Abstract: With technical assistance and laboratory testing, a new, water-based paint coating and drying line were constructed, reducing air emissions and permit status
Source: The Indiana Clean Manufacturing Technology and Safe Materials Institute
URL: https://engineering.purdue.edu/CMTI/Technology_Transfer/PARK
ANP2.html


- Chapter -    Top of Page

Metal Finishing - Water Efficiency Manual [PDF]
Abstract: Chapter 5 of the NC Water Efficiency Manual addresses the metal finishing industry's water usage
Source: North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/0069209.pdf


- Fact sheet/checklist -    Top of Page

Acid Recycling Technology [PDF]
Abstract: Factsheet describes acid recycling via diffusion dialysis, and potential benefits
Source: Waste Management and Research Center
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/00-070.pdf

Bag In-tank Filtration Systems [PDF]
Abstract: Factsheet on bag in-tank filtration; includes advantages and disadvantages of in-tank open bag filtration systems, and a comparison of in-tank open bag filtration systems
Source: North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00223.pdf

Blast Cleaning Technology Handbook
Abstract: Overview of how blast cleaning is used; different abrasive and media selection criteria, and media recycling and safety concerns
Source: Parts Cleaning Magazine
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/13/12004.htm

Cartridge In-tank Filtration Systems [PDF]
Abstract: Factsheet on cartridge in-tank filtration for metal finishing. Topics include: solution agitation, filter types, filter media selection, and filter life
Source: North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00238.pdf

Choices for Cleanliness Verification
Abstract: Defines general processes and technologies in cleanliness verification, which is important in quality control and producing parts/products that don't fail later
Source: Parts Cleaning Magazine
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/13/12911.htm

Conductivity Control System Technology [PDF]
Abstract: Factsheet on how the qualilty of rinse water correlates to the conductivity, and a control system can add fresh water as needed, greatly reducing water consumption
Source: Waste Management and Research Center
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/00-72.pdf

Controlling Viscosity in High-Solids Paints
Abstract: Specifications, calculations, and technology advice for controlling viscosity
Source: The Indiana Clean Manufacturing Technology and Safe Materials Institute
URL: https://engineering.purdue.edu/CMTI/Technology_Transfer/innv
tech.html

Disk In-tank Filtration Systems [PDF]
Abstract: Factsheet on disk in-tank filtration; includes operation and uses of horizontal disc media, and advantages of disc filtration systems
Source: North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00224.pdf

Dry Filter Paint Booth Conversion
Abstract: Technical and economic info on the conversion of waterwall paint booths to dry filters
Source: Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00598.htm

Electroplating Shops - Watch Your Waste
Abstract: Regulatory Compliance and Pollution Prevention Tips
Source: Illinois Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.state.il.us/small-business/electroplating-sho
ps/

Electroplating: A Focus on Chrome Plating [PDF]
Abstract: Discusses hazards and safety measures when working with chrome-based plating.
Source: Occupational Safety and Health for Everyone
URL: http://www.oshforeveryone.org/ntnu/files/ont_ohcow/electropl
ating.pdf

Extending Metal Finishing Bath Life [PDF]
Abstract: Techniques to extend process bath life in metal finishing facilities; covers bath controls, reducing contamination, and additives
Source: EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/region9/waste/p2/projects/metal-blexten.p
df

GET IT PLATED RIGHT - Dried-on Process Fluids and Fluid Combinations
Abstract: Strategies for dried-on process fluids and fluid combinations that interfere with the bonding of plating to part surfaces
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/mach/resources/mna5-m2.htm

GET IT PLATED RIGHT - High-Temperature Processing Burns on Soils
Abstract: Suggestions for removing organic liquids such as oils or coolants that form paint-like coatings on parts. Parts cleaning topics include buffing and polishing, heat treating, batch characteristics, and welding and brazing
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/mach/resources/mna6-m3.htm

GET IT PLATED RIGHT - Holes, Seams, Threads, Recesses and Tubing Assemblies
Abstract: Proper design of parts to eliminate holes, seams, threads, recesses, and tubing assemblies that accumulate process oil and fluids during cleaning and plating steps
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/mach/resources/mna7-m4.htm

GET IT PLATED RIGHT - Particulate Contamination on Part Surfaces
Abstract: Discusses particulate matter contamination and its interference in bonding metals. Discusses several contamination sources and solutions
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/mach/resources/mna3-m7.htm

GET IT PLATED RIGHT - Selecting Materials for Plated Parts
Abstract: Materials selection and design solutions for parts construction, and discusses effect on the finishing process
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/mach/resources/mna4-m8.htm

High Transfer Efficiency Paint Spray Systems [PDF]
Abstract: Technical and economic issues on high transfer efficiency equipment, including HVLP, airless, air-assisted, and electrostatic spray guns
Source: Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00614.pdf

Identifying and Reducing Contamination in Metal Cleaning, Plating, and Rinsing Baths [PDF]
Abstract: Waste and cost reduction opportunities in metal cleaning and plating bath, including methods for reducing contaminant build-up
Source: North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00225.pdf

Liquid Electrostatic System Operation Goal: Maintaining Maximum Efficiency
Abstract: Tips on operator training, parts grounding, and paint checks while using bells and disks in liquid paint for high efficiency precision painting
Source: Industrial Paint & Powder Expo
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00002.htm

Non-Cyanide Plating Processes
Abstract: Discusses alternatives to traditional cyanide plating processes, such as zinc, zinc alloy, tin alloy, copper, and cadmium
Source: Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Institute
URL: http://www.turi.org/content/view/full/1891

Operation and Maintenance Techniques for Spray Coating [PDF]
Abstract: Spray techniques and equipment adjustments to optimize transfer efficiency, including spray patterns for several workpiece geometries
Source: North Carolina Division of P2 and Environmental Assistance
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00219.pdf

P2 Opportunities for Painting & Coatings Operations [PDF]
Abstract: P2 factsheet on alternate application techniques and operating practices
Source: Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00151.pdf

Pollution Prevention Tips for Spray Painters
Abstract: Checklist of pollution prevention opportunities in spray painting
Source: Georgia Pollution Prevention Assistance Division
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/09/08267.htm

Powder Coating Painting Systems [PDF]
Abstract: Technical and economic issues replacement of conventional painting equipment with powder coating systems
Source: Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00616.pdf

Reducing Rinse Water Use with Conductivity Control Systems [PDF]
Abstract: Factsheet on minimizing wastewater treatment costs and water use by monitoring conductivity sensors and control systems for the rinse bath
Source: Merit Partnership
URL: http://www.epa.gov/region9/waste/p2/projects/metal-condcs.pd
f

Reducing Water and Metal Discharges at Ace Plating Company [PDF]
Abstract: Economics and technical aspects of rinse water reclaim, pH adjustment, dragout and other methods
Source: Waste Management and Research Center
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/99-066.pdf

Source Reduction and Metal Recovery Techniques for Metal Finishers [PDF]
Abstract: Opportunities to reduce wastes cost-effectively and to achieve compliance. Covers evaporation, reverse osmosis, ion exchange, electrodialysis, and electrolytic recovery
Source: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/16/15784.pdf

Waste and Cost Reduction Techniques for Small Parts Cleaners
Abstract: Factsheet on techniques for reducing waste and costs in small parts cleaning
Source: North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00024.htm

Waste Minimization in Metal Parts Cleaning [PDF]
Abstract: Overview of parts cleaning. Detailed waste minimization approaches for specific classes of cleaning, and substitution alternatives
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref%5C02/01064.pdf

Zero Discharge Aqueous Cleaning Line
Abstract: Eliminate TCA in metal cleaning and degreasing prior to assembly and coating
Source: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/04/03146.htm


- List -    Top of Page

Canadian Pollution Prevention Information Clearinghouse
Abstract: Database of articles, websites, manuals, case studies, and more. Searchable by industry, keyword, etc.
Source: Canadian Pollution Prevention Information Clearinghouse
URL: http://www.ec.gc.ca/p2/default.asp?lang=En&n=7F6B6CDB-1

Reducing Waste at Lorin [PDF]
Abstract: Review of a waste reduction plan utilized at Lorin Industries, a coil anodizer of aluminum. Topics include wastewater pretreatment, water conservation, and additional sources for information
Source: Michigan Office of Waste Reduction Services
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00135.pdf


- Manual/handbook/curriculum -    Top of Page

20 Ways to Cut Water Usage in Plating Shops
Abstract: (copyrighted) Low-cost suggestions to reduce water usage: mounting top sprays, reclaim tanks, extending drain time, cooling towers, timing water additions and more
Source: Finishing Technology
URL: http://www.finishing.com/library/20ways.html

A Pollution Prevention Resource Manual for Metal Finishers
Abstract: Practical guide, including discussions of the regulatory environment, waste reduction techniques, and a vendor matrix table
Source:
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/03/02848.htm

A Pollution Prevention Resource Manual for Metal Finishers
Abstract: Practical guide, including discussions of the regulatory environment, waste reduction techniques, and a vendor matrix table
Source:
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/03/02848.htm

A Primer on Waterborne Coatings [PDF]
Abstract: Makes case for waterborne coatings over solvent-based, which can reduce costs and volatile organic compound (VOC)
Source: Georgia Pollution Prevention Assistance Division
URL: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/pollutants/stationary/so
lvents/activities/pdf/508_en.pdf

A Primer on Waterborne Coatings [PDF]
Abstract: Makes case for waterborne coatings over solvent-based, which can reduce costs and volatile organic compound (VOC)
Source: Georgia Pollution Prevention Assistance Division
URL: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/pollutants/stationary/so
lvents/activities/pdf/508_en.pdf

Conductivity Controls in Water Rinsing, Cooling Towers, and Boilers
Abstract: Overview and Guidance on using conductivity control systems to reduce water and chemical use in rinse tanks, boilers and cooling towers.
Source: Pollution Prevention Resource Center
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/pubslist.cfm#technologies

Environmental Management Systems: A Guide for Metal Finishers [PDF]
Abstract: A comprehensive guide to implementing an EMS developed specifically for metal finishers of all sizes - covers costs and benefits of an EMS
Source: NSF International
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/03/02853.pdf

Guide to Cleaner Technologies: Alternative Metal Finishes
Abstract: Offers beneficial and commonly referenced technical papers for p2 in metal finishing, which cover available and emerging technologies, alternatives and pollutants of concern.
Source: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/compliance/resources/publications/assista
nce/sectors/notebooks/index.html

Hard Chrome Pollution Prevention Demonstration Project - Interim Report
Abstract: Assistance for hard chrome metal finishing operators to comply with Environmental Protection Agency's chromium emissions MACT standard
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.nmfrc.org/fdocs/crcsi/title.htm

Metal Painting and Coating Operations - Guide
Abstract: Manual targets reducing VOC emissions from metal coating, use of low-VOC paints and coatings, increasing transfer efficiency. reducing solvents during surface preparation and equipment cleaning
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association and Illinois Waste Management & Research Center
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00777/toc.htm

P2 in the Paints and Coatings Industry [PDF]
Abstract: A comprehensive P2 guide for organic surface coating of metal or plastic covering broad range of topics such as adhesion, suppliers, phosphating, process efficiency, alternatives to sealers and solvents, blast cleaning, transfer efficiency and more!
Source: Eastern Research Group
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/03/02175.pdf

Pollution Prevention for the Electroplating and Metal Finishing Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Manual on P2 strategies for electroplaters and metal finishers - introduction to P2 concepts applied to common processes, and case studies from shops using these technologies
Source: Kansas State University Pollution Prevention Institute
URL: http://www.sbeap.org/publications/pp4elecro_metal.pdf

Pollution Prevention for the Metal Finishing Industry: A Manual for Technical Assistance Providers
Abstract: A 'synthesized' packet from a review of over 700 current resources - covers general P2 options, issues specific to each process line, case studies, alternative processes and facility design.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA) order
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/03/02454.htm

State of the Art Manual for Surface Coating Operations [PDF]
Abstract: Discusses background, VOC performance levels for individual surface coating categories, control technologies, alternative coating systems, and efficiency improvement opportunities
Source: New Jersey DEnvironmental Protection Agencyrtment of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.state.nj.us/dep/aqpp/downloads/sota/sota7.pdf


- Periodical -    Top of Page

Products Finishing Online (PFOnline)
Abstract: Searchable archives of articles covering research, case studies and developments in product finishing, including metal plating and coatings.
Source: Products Finishing Magazine
URL: http://www.pfonline.com/past.html


- Proceedings -    Top of Page

Carbon Dioxide Cleaning - Going Through Phases - A Panel Discussion of CO2 Cleaning Technology [PDF]
Abstract: Panel discussion between technical experts on various CO2 technologies, covering specific process descriptions, applications, advantages and limitations
Source: CleanTech'99
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/04/03285.pdf

Pollution Prevention in Metal Finishing: Plating
Abstract: Roundtable discussion results of metal platers - including information needs for decision-making, technical and regulatory challenges, new p2 approaches. Also discussed better transfer of industry information
Source: Pollution Prevention Resource Center
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/metalfin/rt_toc.html


- Software/electronic tool -    Top of Page

Benchmarking Metal Finishing [PDF]
Abstract: (Order form). Benchmark data so the metal finishing industry sector can better understand their overall performance on a process-by-process basis; provides "best practices" data for 12 processes.
Source: National Center for Manufacturing Sciences
URL: http://www.ncms.org/wp-content/NCMS_files/reports/RPT170408.
pdf

CleanerSolutions Database
Abstract: Search for a tested alternative chemistry to replace your current solvent cleaner. Optionally, you can add contaminant, substrate and equipment criteria to narrow your search.
Source:
URL: http://www.cleanersolutions.org/?action=solvent_replace


- Web site -    Top of Page

An Analysis of Pollution Prevention Opportunities and Impediments in the Fabricated Metal Products Manufacturing Sector in Georgia [PDF]
Abstract: Extensive survery of metal manufacturers and finishers in Georgia provides insights on industry practices, P2 and barriers to P2, and host of other issues
Source: Georgia Department of Natural Resources
URL: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/powc/existingtools.pdf

Closed Loop Aqueous Washing [PDF]
Abstract: Covers equipment and chemistries to minimize waste and close the loop on aqueous cleaning, including filtration and evaporative recovery
Source: Coating '99 Conference
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/06/05826.pdf

Finishing Dot Com
Abstract: Technical references and other links dealing with anodizing, plating, powder coating, and surface finishing arts
Source: Finishing.com
URL: http://www.finishing.com

Guide to Cleaner Technologies - Organic Coating Replacements [PDF]
Abstract: Clean coatings technologies include: powder, high solids, water-based, UV cured, electron beam-cured, radiation induced thermally cured, component reactive liquid, vapor permeation or injection cured and supercritical CO2.
Source:
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/02/01049.pdf

Guide to Cleaner Technologies - Organic Coating Replacements [PDF]
Abstract: Clean coatings technologies include: powder, high solids, water-based, UV cured, electron beam-cured, radiation induced thermally cured, component reactive liquid, vapor permeation or injection cured and supercritical CO2.
Source:
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/02/01049.pdf

Metal Finishing Industry - Guide
Abstract: Overview of common metal finishing techniques, and in-depth discussions of P2 practices and alternatives in plating, rinsing, and prefinishing operations. Also offers general design guidance for a metal finishing facility.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association and Illinois Waste Management & Research Center
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/manuals/finishing/toc1.htm

Metal Finishing Industry - Guide
Abstract: Overview of common metal finishing techniques, and in-depth discussions of P2 practices and alternatives in plating, rinsing, and prefinishing operations. Also offers general design guidance for a metal finishing facility.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association and Illinois Waste Management & Research Center
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/manuals/finishing/toc1.htm

Metal Finishing Pollution Prevention Opportunities Checklist [PDF]
Abstract: Covers materials storage and handling, dragout, rinsing, material recycling, reuse and recovery, process modification, and process operation and maintenance
Source: County Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County, Ch2MHill
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/23/22393.pdf

National Metal Finishing Resource Center (NMFRC)
Abstract: Membership oganization - provides comprehensive environmental, technical, and p2 resources - including database of publications, compliance assistance tools, industry specifications, and tools
Source: National Institute for Standards and Technologies
URL: http://www.nmfrc.org/

National Metal Finishing Resource Center (NMFRC)
Abstract: Membership oganization - provides comprehensive environmental, technical, and p2 resources - including database of publications, compliance assistance tools, industry specifications, and tools
Source: National Institute for Standards and Technologies
URL: http://www.nmfrc.org/

National Metal Finishing Resource Center's TRI Resources
Abstract: Report on Lead and TRI reporting, a lead reporting threshold worksheet, a TRI ask the expert feature, and question-and-answer archive for TRI reporting.
Source: National Metal Finishing Resource Center
URL: http://www.nmfrc.org/trimain.cfm

National Metal Finishing Strategic Goals Program
Abstract: A voluntary, membership program that offers incentives, tools and resources and assistance in dealing w/ regulatory barriers, to encourage going beyond compliance
Source: National Metal Finishing Center
URL: http://www.strategicgoals.org

National Metal Finishing Strategic Goals Program
Abstract: A voluntary, membership program that offers incentives, tools and resources and assistance in dealing w/ regulatory barriers, to encourage going beyond compliance
Source: National Metal Finishing Center
URL: http://www.strategicgoals.org

On-Line [Component of] Metal Finishing Magazine
Abstract: Site includes information resources and articles for professionals in metal finishing, including most metal finishing technologies and processes. Also includes a list of suppliers in the industry. Covers P2 and other topics. Register free for qualified
Source: Metal Finishing Magazine
URL: http://www.metalfinishing.com/the-magazine/

Original List of Hazardous Air Pollutants
Abstract: Listing of 188 hazardous air pollutants and compounds.
Source: EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/188polls.html

P2 Coatings & Coating Equipment Pilot
Abstract: Innovative coatings are environmentally advantageous by virtue of their composition or curing process. Innovative coating equipment generates less pollution by applying coatings more efficiently or by expanding the use of innovative coatings. Check out both here.
Source:
URL: http://www.epa.gov/etv/vt-ppc.html

P2 in Metal Painting and Coating Operations - A Manual for P2 Technical Assistance Providers
Abstract: A thorough overview of P2 alternatives in metal coatings processes
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00777.htm

P2 in Metal Painting and Coating Operations - A Manual for P2 Technical Assistance Providers
Abstract: A thorough overview of P2 alternatives in metal coatings processes
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00777.htm

Pollution Prevention and Best Management Practices for Metal Finishing Facilities [PDF]
Abstract: Facilitates compliance, waste minimization and P2. Midway through, highlights source reduction methods, material or chemical substitution and recycling and resource recovery methods. Includes waste minimization assessment worksheets
Source: Broward County Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.mothersofeastla.com/web-content/citizengroup/1785
5.pdf

The Powder Coating Institute
Abstract: Promotes powder coating technology and communicates the benefits to manufacturers, consumers, and government: Non-member access to Benefits website
Source: Powder Coating Institute
URL: http://www.powdercoating.org/

TRI Chemicals
Abstract: The current TRI toxic chemical list contains 581 individually listed chemicals and 30 chemical categories.
Source: EPA
URL: http://www2.epa.gov/toxics-release-inventory-tri-program

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The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Metal Finishing Topic Hub™ was developed by:

PPRC
PPRC
Contact email: office@pprc.org

Hub Last Updated: 6/4/2013