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Climate Change: Browse by Keyword
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements
Background and Overview
Contributing Causes of Global Warming
Impacts of Global Warming
Reasons for Action
Climate Change Solutions
The Individual's Role
Where To Go for Help
Complete List of Links

Keywords:
Agricultural chemicals / Agriculture / Air monitoring / Air pollution / Air quality / Aircraft industry / Alternative fuels / Aluminum / Aluminum industry and trade / Carbon / Carbon dioxide / Carbon monoxide / Carbon tetrachloride / Case studies / Chemicals / Climatic changes / Climatology / Economic impact / Emission control / Emissions / Energy conservation / Energy consumption / Environmental chemistry / Environmental exposure / Environmental health / Environmental management / Forests and forestry / Fossil fuels / Global warming / Government agencies / Green marketing / Greenhouse gases / Hazardous waste / Hazardous waste management / Health / Health effects / Hydrofluorocarbons / Land use / Lean / Lean and environment / Life cycle assessment / Methane / Modeling / Ozone layer / Semiconductors / Steel industry and trade / Temperature control / Tools / Waste / Water supply


Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

350.org/
Abstract: 350 believes in the power of creativity, hard work, and collaboration to make voices heard with little time or resources. The group works to educate and promote activities to increase awareness and keep global GHG emissions below 350 ppm in the atmosphere.
Source: 350.org
URL: http://350.org

A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard , Source: GHG Protocol [PDF]
Abstract: Greenhouse Gas Protocol is a multi-stakeholder and consensus-based partnership of about 170 businesses, non-governmental organizations, governments, to develop internationally accepted GHG accounting and reporting standards for business and to promote their broad adoption convened by the World Resources Institute and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development.
Source: World Business Council for Sustainable Development
URL: http://pdf.wri.org/ghg_protocol_2004.pdf

As World Warms, Vegetation Changes May Influence Extreme Weather
Abstract: This is believed to be the first study to indicate that as vegetation responds to climate change, those changes in ground cover may affect where and how often extreme weather events occur.
Source: Purdue University
URL: http://news.uns.purdue.edu/UNS/html4ever/2005/050509.Diffenb
augh.veg.html

Avoided Emissions from Organic Waste Disposal Offset Project Protocol
Abstract: outlines the process and requirements for Project Proponents to register greenhouse gas emission reductions resulting from voluntarily avoiding emissions from organic waste in landfills
Source: Chicago Climate Exchange
URL: https://www.theice.com/ccx.jhtml

Can Ocean Carbon Uptake Keep Pace with Industrial Emissions?
Abstract: The first observations based on the estimate of the history of anthropogenic carbon uptake by the ocean suggests that the oceans are struggling to keep up with rising emissions.
Source: Goddard Institute for Space Studies
URL: http://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/briefs/hall_03/

Carbon Management and Analysis Platform (CarbonMAP)
Abstract: Designed to aid schools that have completed greenhouse gas inventories in developing long term, comprehensive climate action plans based on those inventories. Requires login.
Source: Clean Air-Cool Planet (CA-CP)
URL: http://campuscarbon.com/

Cement Industry Energy and CO2 Performance
Abstract: This report covers 1990 - 2006 and outlines the "Getting the Numbers Right" system in detail, and shows how an effective measuring, reporting and verification system can be developed and managed for and by industry.
Source: World Business Council for Sustainable Development
URL: http://www.wbcsd.org/Plugins/DocSearch/details.asp?DocTypeId
=25&ObjectId=MzUwNTc

Cities for Climate Protection Program
Abstract: ICLEI- Local Governments for Sustainability USA has been identified as one of the 15 most meaningful nonprofit organizations dealing with Climate Change by 139 independent experts through Philanthropedia's research [more]
Source: ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability
URL: http://www.burdekin.qld.gov.au/environment-waste-and-water/s
ustainability-and-climate-change/cities-for-climate-prot
ection-program/

Climate Action Registry Reporting Online Tool (CARROT)
Abstract: CARROT is the The Climate Registry’s greenhouse gas emission program which includes guidance, built-in emission conversion factors, and standardized reporting software (online).
Source: Climate Action Registry
URL: http://www.climateregistry.org/tools/carrot.html

Climate Action Reserve Landfill Protocol and Landfill Verification Protocols U.S.
Abstract: The Landfill Project Protocol provides guidance to quantify, report, and verify GHG emission reductions associated with installing a landfill gas collection and destruction system at landfill operations. The protocol was first adopted by the Reserve Board
Source: Climate Action Reserve
URL: http://www.climateactionreserve.org/how/protocols/us-landfil
l/

Climate Action Reserve Organic Waste Digestion ProtocoL
Abstract: Organic Waste Digestion Project Protocol provides an accurate GHG accounting methodology for GHG reduction projects that divert and anaerobically digest eligible organic waste and/or wastewater streams that otherwise would have gone to uncontrolled anaerobic storage, treatment and disposal systems such as solid waste landfills or on-site anaerobic wastewater treatment facilities.
Source: Climate Action Reserve
URL: http://www.climateactionreserve.org/how/protocols/organic-wa
ste-digestion/

Climate Calculators for Local Governments
Abstract: A listing of climate calculators are tools that can help cities and counties conduct greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventories for a specified report year
Source: Cool California
URL: http://coolcalifornia.org/article/climate-calculators

Corporate Strategies that Address Climate Change [PDF]
Abstract: Report provides guidance on strategies such as market shifts and regulatory constraints. Discusses how climate change poses real risks and that companies must plan for today, or risk losing ground to their more forward-thinking competitors.
Source: University of Michigan
URL: http://www.c2es.org/docUploads/PEW_CorpStrategies.pdf

Creating Economic Incentives to Conserve Forests Through REDD [PDF]
Abstract: This report discusses economic incentives around Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD). REDD is a policy approach to mitigate carbon emissions from deforestation and conserve tropical biodiversity.
Source: Environmental Defense Fund
URL: http://www.edf.org/sites/default/files/10331_EDF_REDD_intro.
pdf

Economic Modeling
Abstract: Economic models are an important tool for evaluating the potential impact of proposed legislation on our economy.
Source: Pew Center for Global Climate Change
URL: http://www.c2es.org/economics

Effects of Global Warming on Trout and Salmon in U.S. Streams [ [PDF]
Abstract: Dams, water diversions, pollution, and development threaten trout and salmon, which have already disappeared from many of the streams they once inhabited. Climatic warming poses an additional, potentially severe threat to their survival.
Source: Natural Resources Defense Council
URL: http://www.defenders.org/publications/effects_of_global_warm
ing_on_trout_and_salmon.pdf

Energy for America's Future
Abstract: Details current White House policy on energy security and confronting climate change.
Source: White House
URL: http://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/energy-and-environment

EPA's Energy Star CFL alculator
Abstract: ENERGY STAR's CFL calculator helps users quantify the possible energy savings by switching from incandescent to CFLs.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=cfls.pr_cfls_savings

Feedback Loops In Global Climate Change Point To A Very Hot 21st Century
Abstract: Studies have shown that global climate change can set-off positive feedback loops in nature which amplify warming and cooling trends.
Source: Science Daily
URL: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/05/060522151248.ht
m

Future Temperature Changes
Abstract: Learn how quickly the Earth's temperature will increase remains unknown given the uncertainty of future greenhouse gas, aerosol emissions and the Earth's response to changing conditions.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.howstuffworks.com/framed.htm?parent=worst-effects
-global-warming.htm&url=http://www.epa.gov/climatechange
/science/futuretc.html

Global Warming Potential
Abstract: Global Warming Potential (GWP) is a measure of the potency of different greenhouse gases with that of CO2.
Source: Carbon Offset Research and Education CORE
URL: http://co2offsetresearch.org/aviation/GWP.html

Green Building for Cool Cities
Abstract: Re-energize your Cool City with our new "Green Building for Cool Cities" project in partnership with the U.S. Green Building Council. Making new and retrofitted buildings more energy-efficient is a key solution to global warming and to achieving the transition to a clean energy economy.
Source: U.S. Green Building Council
URL: http://www.coolcities.us/

Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator
Abstract: This equivalencies calculator helps you understand just that, translate abstract measurements into concrete terms , such as this reduction in GHG emissions is"equivalent to avoiding the carbon dioxide emissions of 183,000 cars annually."
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-resources/calculator.h
tml

Greenhouse Gas Protocol Standards
Abstract: The most widely used international accounting tool (including calculators) for government & business to understand, quantify, and manage greenhouse gas emissions.
Source: World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD/World Resources Institute (WRI)
URL: http://www.ghgprotocol.org/

Greenhouse Gases - Frequently Asked Questions
Abstract: Answers to common questions about how and why global warming is occurring.
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
URL: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/gases.html

Guide to Energy Efficiency in Aluminum Smelters
Abstract: The aluminum industry is a significant energy consumer and seeks ways to reduce energy consumption and achieve better performance. This document describes efforts and opportunities.
Source: Natural Resources Canada
URL: http://oee.nrcan.gc.ca/publications/industrial/M27-01-1115E/
5789

HOT CLIMATE, COOL COMMERCE: Service Sector Guide to Greenhouse Gas Management
Abstract: Ensures that service-sector companies develop effective climate change response strategies that are compatible with both others in the business community and voluntary and mandatory climate change programs.
Source: World Resources Institute, Climate Analysis Indicators
URL: http://pdf.wri.org/hotclimatecoolcommerce.pdf#page=10

Human Health (Climate Institute Core Issues)
Abstract: Researchers have found a close link between local climate and the occurrence or severity of some diseases and other threats to human health.
Source: Climate Institute
URL: http://www.climate.org/topics/health.html

Improving Efficiency of Coal-Fired Power Plants for Near Term CO2 Reductions [PDF]
Abstract: NETL has evaluated the opportunity to improve the efficiency of coal-fired power plants as a way to reduce GHG emissions.
Source: National Energy Technology Lab (NETL)
URL: http://www.netl.doe.gov/energy-analyses/pubs/Impr_Effcy_of_C
FPP_CO2_Redctns_1109.pdf

Kyoto Protocol Signatories
Abstract: 187 states have signed and ratified the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, aimed at combating global warming.
Source: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Kyoto_Protocol_signator
ies

Methane Avoidance from Composting
Abstract: Developing a GHG reduction project protocol for organic waste composting projects will provide a standardized approach for quantifying and monitoring GHG reductions from projects that avoid methane emissions through the diversion and composting of municipal food waste that would otherwise have been sent to a landfill.
Source: Climate Action Reserve
URL: http://www.climateactionreserve.org/blog/2009/11/17/composti
ng-project-protocol-kickoff-meeting/

National Wildlife Federation's Green Energy Calculator
Abstract: The National Wildlife Federation has created a calculator to tell you how much carbon dioxide your lifestyle produces.
Source: National Wildlife Federation
URL: http://www.nwf.org/How-to-Help/Live-Green/Energy-Conservatio
n.aspx

Office Carbon Footprint Tool Calculator (WasteWise)
Abstract: This tool was created for office-based organizations ("offices") located in the United States to assist offices in making decisions to reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with their activities. This tool will allow the user to develop an estimate of their GHG emissions from a variety of sources including company-owned vehicle transportation; purchased electricity; waste disposal; and leased assets, franchises, and outsourced activities
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/smm/wastewise/carboncalc.htm

Overview and Examples of Climate Action Plans
Abstract: The President's Climate Commitment for colleges and universities, provides for coordinated planning to make campuses carbon-neutral, reduce global warming impacts, and drive the scientific innovation and public education necessary to catalyze rapid change.
Source: American College & University - Presidents’ Climate Commitment
URL: http://www.presidentsclimatecommitment.org/resources/overvie
w-climate-action-plans

Product Life Cycle Accounting and Reporting Standard
Abstract: Developed by multi-stakeholder partners, this guidance provides a standard for companies and other organizations to prepare a GHG inventory of emissions associated with a product.
Source: World Resources Institute and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development
URL: http://www.ghgprotocol.org/standards/product-standard

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)
Abstract: Deforestation accounts for about 18 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions—larger than the entire global transportation sector.The REDD Options Assessment Report suggests a flexible, three-phase approach to policy measures and positive incentives in order to accommodate conservation, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks; and (iii) the near-term constraints of the current global financial crisis.
Source: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC
URL: http://www.redd-oar.org/

Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships
Abstract: DOE has a network of seven partnerships to help develop the technology, infrastructure, and regulations to implement large-scale CO2 sequestration in different regions and geologic formations.
Source: U.S. Department of Energy
URL: http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/carbon_seq/infrastructu
re/rcsp.html

Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative
Abstract: The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is the first mandatory, market-based effort in the United States to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Ten Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic states have capped and will reduce CO2 emissions from the power sector 10% by 2018.
Source: Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative
URL: http://www.rggi.org/home

The Climate Registry
Abstract: Nonprofit collaboration among North American states, provinces, territories and sovereign nations that sets consistent and transparent standards to calculate, verify and publicly report GHG into a single registry.
Source: Climate Registry Board of Directors
URL: http://www.theclimateregistry.org/

The Impact of Climate Change on Human Health
Abstract: The core concern is succinctly stated: climate change endangers health in fundamental ways.
Source: World Health Organization
URL: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/statements/2008/s05/en/i
ndex.html

The State of California's Climate Change Portal
Abstract: Provides many links to state reports on climate change mitigation and adaptation options.
Source: California Energy Commission
URL: http://www.climatechange.ca.gov/research/index.html

Top Ten Smart Grid
Abstract: What companies are leading the charge toward a smart grid of the future? And, who are the utilities that are taking the lead in giving them a market? We’ve broken down the smart grid sector into a number of broad components areas – smart meter manufacturing, neighborhood-area meter networking and communication, in-home energy management, demand response, meter data management, other smart grid software and services, and the broader role of integrating these areas.
Source: Greentechgrid
URL: http://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/top-ten-smart-gr
id-3605/

U.S EPA Residential Energy Efficiency
Abstract: This program shows effective ways to reduce home energy consumption. Topics include insulation, windows, doors, weather-stripping, and caulking. The expert system feature allows users to calculate how much they will save by making their homes more energy efficient.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/slclimat/local/topics/residential.html

U.S. Climate Policy and Actions
Abstract: Describes current U.S. policy regarding climate change.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/EPAactivities.html

U.S. EPA - Climate Economics
Abstract: EPA conducts climate economic analyses to estimate the economic and environmental effects of potential domestic climate change mitigation programs and strategies
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/EPAactivities/economics/leg
islativeanalyses.html

U.S. EPA - PFC Reduction / Climate Partnership for the Semiconductor Industry
Abstract: EPA’s technical report describes PFC-based (perfluorinated compounds) heat transfer fluids, their common uses in electronics manufacturing, and estimated emissions to the atmosphere. PFCs are potent GHGs, often thousands of times stronger than CO2, and some can persist for 2,000 years.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/highgwp/semiconductor-pfc/resources/index
.html

U.S. EPA Climate Leaders Cross-Sector Guidance
Abstract: Cross-Sector Core Modules describe different methods Partners use to estimate emissions and outline QA/QC and accuracy issues associated with different approaches. This guide covers Modules that apply to most Climate Leaders Partners: Direct Emissions from Stationary Combustion, Indirect Emissions from Purchases/Sales of Electricity and Steam, Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources, Direct HFC and PFC Emissions from Use of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/climateleadership/guidance/cross-sector.h
tml

U.S. EPA Climate Leaders Design Principles Guidance (DPG)
Abstract: DPG provides guidance on defining inventory boundaries, identifying greenhouse gas (GHG) emission sources, and defining and adjusting a base year. DPG also provides Partner reporting information.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/climateleadership/guidance/design-princip
les.html

U.S. EPA Climate Leaders Sector-Specific Guidance
Abstract: The Modules included in this article pertain to process emissions for specific industry sectors: Direct Emissions from Municipal Solid Waste Landfilling, Direct HFC and PFC Emissions from Manufacturing Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Equipment, and Direct Emissions from Iron and Steel Production.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/climateleadership/guidance/sector-specifi
c.html

U.S. Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report
Abstract: Information on greenhouse gas emission inventories, an introduction to climate change, a discussion of methodological issues and plans for QA/QC and an uncertainty analysis
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/usinventoryrep
ort.html

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Abstract: Online newsletter concerning issues on and about the U.N.'s convention on long-term climate change.
Source: United Nations Climate Change Conference
URL: http://unfccc.int/2860.php

United States Global Research Program - Agriculture [PDF]
Abstract: Climate change clearly affects agriculture, climate is also affected by agriculture, which contributes 13.5 percent of all human-induced greenhouse gas emissions.
Source: United States Global Research Program
URL: http://ncadac.globalchange.gov/download/NCAJan11-2013-public
reviewdraft-chap6-agriculture.pdf

Washington State Department of Ecology - Climate Change
Abstract: Washington State isn't waiting to see what happens with climate change. See what they are doing to reduce emissions, prepare for impacts, and to grow a clean energy economy.
Source: Washington State Department of Ecology
URL: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/climatechange/

White House Council on Environmental Quality
Abstract: Our focus ensures strong science and policy basis for U.S. environmental policy, to move the nation to greater reliance on clean energy and increase energy security, to combat global warming while growing the green economy, to protect public health and the environment, especially in vulnerable communities, and to protect and restore ecosystems.
Source: U.S. White House
URL: http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ceq

 


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