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Environmental Measurement: Browse by Keyword
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Reasons to Measure Environmental Performance
Developing a Measurement System
Calculators and Tools
Where To Go for P2 Help
Complete List of Links

Air monitoring / Air quality / Air quality management / Annual reports / Auditing / Benchmarking (Management) / Chemical tracking / Compliance / Cost savings / Economic analysis / Efficiency / Emissions / Energy consumption / Environmental health / Environmental management / Environmental modeling / Environmental monitoring / Greenhouse gases / Incentives / Life cycle assessment / Materials / Measurement / Quality / Recycling (Waste, etc.) / Reporting / Risk assessment / Risk communication / Risk factors / Safety measures / Toxicity / Waste / Waste management / Water quality

Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

Basic Training for Compliance Assistance Providers (BCAP)
Abstract: Presentation of basic concepts and key questions for Compliance Assistance Providers for evaluation of an activity's environmental benefits
Source: Environmental Protective Agency

Beyond the Bean Count: Measuring Performance of Regulatory Compliance Programs (by Michael Stahl) [PDF]
Abstract: Article examines challenges in measuring performance of government and agencies compliance programs for environmental, health, safety and economic regulations - discusses how programs must go beyond measurement of enforcement activities and records.
Source: The Public Manager

Carbon Footprint Calculator
Abstract: This carbon footprint calculator is intended to provide users with a planning-level greenhouse gas emissions inventory to assist in prioritizing and implementing reduction strategies. It is intended primarily for use by Seattle-area businesses interested in benchmarking and reducing their greenhouse gas emissions. The tool allows you to estimate greenhouse gas (GhG) emissions for your company by entering data about your business activities focused on four areas that tend to have significant greenhouse gas impacts: transportation, energy use, materials purchasing, and waste generation.
Source: City of Seattle

Core Performance Measures
Abstract: Core performance measures agreed upon by EPA and the States, under NEPPS - for air, waste, water, and enforcement & compliance. The package is intended to link goals, indicators, core performance measures, and planned outputs into one manageable site.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Solid Waste

Developing and Using Production-Adjusted Measurement of Pollution Prevention
Abstract: Documents research to identify ways to measure pollution prevention (P2) at industrial facilities, including state of the art facility-level measurement and a user's guide to P2 measurement tools. Call 513-569-7562 and ask for document number EPA/600/R-9
Source: Research Triangle Institute and US EPA's Office of Research & Development National Risk Management Research Laboratory

Eco-Economy Indicators
Abstract: Highlight the twelve trends that the Earth Policy Institute tracks to measure progress in building an eco-economy.
Source: Earth Policy Institute

Eco-management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) Toolkit for Small Organizations
Abstract: The Community Eco-management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) is the EU voluntary scheme for organizations willing to commit themselves to evaluate, improve and report on their environmental performances.
Source: EMAS

Energy & Materials Flow & Cost Tracker (EMFACT™)
Abstract: This software is under development and piloting (in 2009) to track energy and materials use and profitability.
Source: National Pollution Prevention Roundtable and Northeast Waste Management Officials’ Association (NEWMOA)

Environmental Indicators Technical Report [PDF]
Abstract: These factsheets profile New Jersey's set of environmental indicators for air quality, water resources, drinking water, pollution prevention and mercury.
Source: New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection

Environmental Input/Output Life Cycle Assessment
Abstract: Estimates overall environmental impacts from producing a certain $ amount of any of 500 commodities or services in the U.S. Guidance on relative impacts of different types of products, materials, services, or industries with respect to resource use.
Source: Green Design Initiative

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP): Western Research Study
Abstract: This research project in 14 western states, seeks to develop and demonstrate tools needed to measure ecological conditions of aquatic resources.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency and Office of Research and Development

Environmental Performance Measurement Toolkit
Abstract: (Not available online, but can request copy EPA contact at 202-566-2951). This pre-publication draft guidance is excellent in describing environmental measurement concepts, planning, tools, data interpretation, normalization, etc.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency - Performance Incentives Division

Environmental Results Management Systems: Moving from Planning to Action by Measuring What Counts [PDF]
Abstract: Guidance for agencies, based on the Plan-Do-Check-Adopt model, to help in planning, decision-making, and measurement.
Source: Green Mountain Institute

Environmental Performance Institute (EPI)
Abstract: EPI offers training, and works closely with government officials, non-governmental advocacy groups and private business to develop partnerships and implement cost-effective strategies for environmental results
Source: Environmental Performance Institute (EPI)

Essential EH&S Software
Abstract: A comprehensive (and expensive) industrial hygiene and environmental data system developed and primarily used by the process industry, especially multi-location companies.
Source: Essential Technologies

Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Abstract: Provides detailed methods and discussions for estimating greenhouse gas emissions from specific industries and processes, and landfilling.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency - Emission Inventory Improvement Program

Evaluation and Certification of Suppliers
Abstract: This document is one portion of a resource on "Greening the Supply Chain", and provides links to organizations that are measuring their suppliers' environmental performance; offers suggestions on evaluating suppliers.
Source: Pollution Prevention Resource Center

Green Suite
Abstract: Comprehensive (and somewhat expensive), web-based application to track Environmental Health & Safety: flexible, stores data at own site and/or vendor's site server.
Source: Greensuite

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Management of Selected Materials in Municipal Solid Waste [PDF]
Abstract: An EPA study of 10 types of recyclable materials, resulted in a formula for estimating greenhouse gases associated with recycling these materials.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency Global Warming

Guide for Measuring Compliance Assistance Outcomes [PDF]
Abstract: Document helps agencies measure the impact of compliance assistance projects and activities on the regulated community.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency - Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance

Guidelines for Statistical Graphs
Abstract: Provides tips on choosing the most appropriate graphing format(s) or design(s) to display the features of interest and the important message in a data set.
Source: US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration

IBM's Accounability and Sustainability Reporting
Abstract: IBM's Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) report.
Source: IBM

Implementation Guide for the Code of Environmental Management Principles for Federal Agencies (CEMP) [PDF]
Abstract: Part 5 of this document, titled "Measurement and Improvement", guides the government in the use of performance measurement for continuous improvement and benchmarking.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assistance

Indiana Relative Chemical Hazard Score (IRCHS)
Abstract: This is a method for ranking chemicals by their environmental and workplace hazards. The development team reviewed existing measurement methods and expanded on a system developed by the University of Tennessee.
Source: Purdue University

Indicators Publications by Green Mountain Institute
Abstract: Access to several reports and publications which define indicators, and discuss the benefits and uses of indicator information.
Source: Green Mountain Institute

Industrial Environmental Performance Metrics: Challenges and Opportunities
Abstract: (For purchase) This book is a corporate-focused analysis that examines the metrics implications to businesses as their responsibilities expand beyond the factory gate--upstream to suppliers and downstream to products and services.
Source: Committee on Industrial Environmental Performance Metrics, National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council

Inventory and Report: Seattle's Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Abstract: Inventory on Seattle City's 1990-2000 greenhouse gas emissions; covers projected 2010 emissions, reduction plan, emissions related to the City's internal activities, emissions influenced by City policies and programs, and data collection challenges.
Source: City of Seattle, Washington

Material Flow-Based Indicators in Environmental Reporting
Abstract: This report explores material flows in the economy which potentially influence the environment. It proposes a measure for resource productivity in the economy and shows how quantitative targets for sustainable resource consumption can be derived and used
Source: European Environment Agency

Measuring Environmental Performance - A Primer and Survey of Metrics in Use [PDF]
Abstract: Primer discusses considerations for designing a metrics program and a compilation of indicators.
Source: Global Environmental Management Initiative

Measuring Progress in Toxics Use Reduction and Pollution Prevention
Abstract: This project developed and tested a methodology for measuring toxics use reduction progress in MA, under a state law. Results indicate progress in reducing toxic chemical use and generation of toxic byproducts. Contact TURI at (978) 934-3275.
Source: Toxics Use Reduction Institute (TURI)

Measuring Recycling: A Guide for State and Local Governments
Abstract: This guide is designed to help state and local agencies measure municipal solid waste (MSW) recycling. It contains instructions, definitions, case studies, tips, form, and worksheets to help calculate an MSW recycling rate.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency

National Environmental Performance Track
Abstract: A voluntary program to incentivise and motivate businesses by rewarding top environmental performance for organizations that have implemented EMS and have shown measurable results.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency

National P2 Results Data System
Abstract: P2Rx centers all offer regional modules to record pollution prevention activity and outcome measures. The goal is to provide an efficient and effective way for analyzing and presenting results of P2 efforts for regions and the entire country.
Source: The Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange

NIST-NOAA-INDUSTRY Workshop on Atmospheric Measures and Standards: Improving the Scientific Basis for Informed Decisions on Atmospheric Issues
Abstract: The goal of this workshop was to identify current and future atmospheric issues relevant to the U.S. economy and industry, and to identify the technical specifications of needed fundamental measurements, standards, and air quality programs.
Source: National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) and National Oceanic & Atmospheric ?? (NOAA)

Nortel's Environmental Performance Index (EPI)
Abstract: Nortel's EPI is calculated annually, and provides a single overall rating of the corporation's performance against its stated goals. The EPI involves 25 parameters, each weighted according to criteria such as environmental impact and degree of risk.
Source: Nortel

Oregon Water Quality Index
Abstract: Uses Total Maximum Daily Limit (TMDL) and other monitored water data to calculate an index that describes river water quality in Oregon.
Source: Oregon State Department of Environmental Quality

Oregon's Performance Measure Guidelines For State Agencies [PDF]
Abstract: Guidelines and tools for state agencies to utilize the Oregon Progress Board's performance measures. Offers logic diagrams/models, criteria, development tips, and more.
Source: Oregon Economic & Community Development Department

Oregon's Progress Board - 2004 -2011 Annual Performance Reports and Measures
Abstract: Tracking and benchmarking statewide progress toward meeting goals in the state's strategic plan. Includes indicators for economics, community safety, environmental health, etc.
Source: Oregon State

P2 Measurement Tools (Including P2 and GHG Calculator)
Abstract: Three MS Excel-based calculators are designed to help calculate GHG emissions and cost savings from P2 activities, and to help convert gallons of hazardous materials into pounds.
Source: U.S. EPA

Particulate Matter Calculator
Abstract: Downloadable program, available for states (and others) to calculate filterable particulate matter (PM) emissions. Output: controlled filterable PM-2.5 and 10 emissions.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency

Pollution Prevention 1997: A National Progress Report
Abstract: Chapter 7, "Measuring Environmental Performance", discusses the emerging framework for measuring prevention, how to measure program effectiveness, pollution prevented, and related achievements.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency

Pollution Prevention Metrics (NEWMOA)
Abstract: Northeast states P2 programs partnered to create common multi-state metrics, both outcome and activity-based. The metrics are listed in this document. A software tool is available to states and local governments to use in evaluating their P2 programs.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA)

Recycling Measurement
Abstract: Guide facilitates easy, meaningful data collection from recycling in the private sector; includes survey forms, worksheets with calculations, and tools. Ensures fair comparisons of recycling rates among states & local governments.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Solid Waste

Results-Based Performance Measurement/Management Study
Abstract: Presentation on the results-based performance measurement/management system in Florida. Helps identify environmental problems related to air and water quality, and the environmental impacts.
Source: Florida Department of Environmental Protection

Small Business Environmental Home Page
Abstract: Offers performance measurement tools and success stories.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency and Concurrent Technologies Corporation

Sustainability Reporting Guidelines (G3) on Economic, Environmental and Social Performance [PDF]
Abstract: A common, international framework, for any organization, to report on linked aspects of sustainability: economic, social & environmental. Example environmental metric categories include: energy, materials, water, emissions, effluent, waste, compliance.
Source: Global Reporting Initiative

The Government Performance Results Act (GRPA) - Background Information
Abstract: The GRPA of 1993 requires that federally funded agencies develop and implement an accountability system based on performance measurement, including setting goals and objectives and measuring progress toward achieving them.
Source: OMB Watch

Toxics Release Inventory (TRI)
Abstract: The TRI chemical database, published by the U.S. EPA, contains information concerning waste management activities and the reported release of toxic chemicals by facilities that manufacture, process, or otherwise use said materials.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency

Tracking Toxic Substances at Industrial Facilities: Engineering Mass Balance Versus Materials Accounting
Abstract: Examines whether knowing amounts of toxic substances entering & leaving manufacturing facilities is useful in evaluating chemical releases, waste reduction progress, and chemical management practices. Uses mass balance and materials accounting to assess.
Source: National Academy Press

US EPA's Waste Reduction Model (WARM)
Abstract: Calculates greenhouse gas reductions based on waste reduction and recycling efforts.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency


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Hub Last Updated: 5/7/2013